United States Regiments & Batteries > Vermont


The 5th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment enrolled a total of 1,618 officers and men during the Civil War. It lost 11 officers and 202 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 124 enlisted men to disease. The regiment is honored on the Old Vermont Brigade monument at Antietam, the 1st Vermont Brigade monument at Gettysburg, and the Vermont Brigade monument at The Wilderness.

1861
Organized at St. Albans
September 16 Mustered in under the command of Colonel Henry A. Smalley (USMA 1854), on leave from the Regular Army where he had served as a Lieutenant in the 2nd United States Artillery, Lieutenant Colonel Lewis A. Grant, and Major Redfield Proctor.
September 23-25 Moved to Washington, D.C. at Camp Griffin Defences of Washington attached to Brooks’ Brigade, Smith’s Division, Army of the Potomac. Major Lewis Grant was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
October Joined with the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Vermont Regiments to form Brooks’ Brigade, Smith’s Division, Army of the Potomac
November Duty in the Defences of Washington at Camp Griffin.
1862
March Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps. Army of the Potomac
March 10 Moved to Alexandria
March 23-24 Moved by ship to the Virginia Peninsula, landing near Fort Monroe and moving to Newport News.
March 30 Reconnoissance to Warwick River
April 2 Began the march up the Peninsula.
April 4 Young’s Mills
April 5-May 4 Siege of Yorktown
April 16 Lee’s Mills
May 5 Battle of Williamsburg; attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 13 The 5th Vermont was attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac. It would remain with this organization until the end of the war.
May 19 Marched from White House Landing to the Chickahominy River, going into camp at Golding’s Farm
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 27 Garnett’s Farm
June 29
Savage’s Station

The regiment brought around 400 men to the field and in one half hour lost 188 officers and men, with Company E losing 25 men killed or mortally wounded and 19 men wounded out of 59.

June 30 White Oak Swamp Bridge
July 1 Malvern Hill
July – August At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-24 Moved to Fortress Monroe, then to Alexandria
August 30 Reached the Bull Run battlefield on the evening after the fighting.
September 1 Ordered back to Chantilly
September-October Maryland Campaign
September 10 Colonel Smalley resigned and returned to the Regular Army as a captain in the 2nd United States Artillery when his leave expired.
September 14
Crampton’s Pass (South Mountain)
September 16 Lewis A. Grant was promoted to colonel. Major Lewis Lewis was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and Captain Charles P. Dudley of Company E. was promoted to major.
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Commanded by Colonel Lewis A. Grant. The regiment was not heavily engaged at Antietam and suffered only 2 men wounded.

From the War Department marker for Brooks’ brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Brooks’ Brigade left its camp in Pleasant Valley at 6 A.M. of the 17th, crossed the Antietam at Pry’s Ford and reached the field about noon. It was ordered to the support of Sedgwick’s Division, Second Corps, on the Union right but, before getting into position, was ordered to the support of French’s Division and formed in Mumma’s Cornfield, on ground vacated by the 14th Connecticut, its left connecting with French, its right resting on Mumma’s Lane, facing south parallel to and about 170 yards from the Bloody Lane.

It was subjected to a galling fire of both Artillery and Sharpshooters, causing some loss.

It remained in this position until the morning of the 19th.

September 26-
October 29
At Hagerstown, Md.,
October 29-
November 19
Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
January 20-24 Burnside’s Second Campaign, “Mud March”
February 21 Colonel Grant took command of the Vermont Brigade as senior colonel for most of the next year. Lieutenant Colonel John R. Lewis would command the regiment.
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2 Operations at Franklin’s Crossing
May 3
Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg
May 3-4
Salem Church

Colonel Grant was wounded. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for “Personal gallantry and intrepidity displayed in the management of his brigade and in leading it in the assault in which he was wounded.”

May 4 Banks’ Ford
June 5-12 Franklin’s Crossing
July 2-4
Battle of Gettysburg

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John R. Lewis. It brought 341 men to the field and had no casualties.

From the Vermont Brigade monument on the Gettysburg battlefield:

Reaching this field by a forced march of thirty two miles in the evening of July 2, the brigade took position on the left Union flank near this point in anticipation of an attack by the enemy and held the same July 3d and 4th.

July 10-13 Funkstown, Md.
August 14-September 16 Detached from Army for duty at New York City and Kingston, N.Y. during the draft riots.
September 23 Rejoined army at Culpeper Court House, Va.
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
December 15 The regiment reenlisted and was granted a Veteran Furlough.
1864
April 27 Colonel Grant was promoted to brigadier general.
May-June
Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

The regiment began the campaign with about 500 men, and in one month wold lose 349 men killed, wounded and missing, including 13 officers.

May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 6 Lieutenant Colonel John R. Lewis was promoted to colonel.
May 8-21
Spotsylvania Court House
May 12 Assault on the Salient, Spottsylvania Court House
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 Line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor
June 18-19 Before Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 9-11 Moved to Washington, D.C.
July 11-12 Repulse of Early’s attack on Fort Stevens
August 7-
November 28
Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign
August 21-22 Near Charlestown
September 4 Colonel Lewis was transferred to the Veteran’s Reserve Corps
September 13 Gilbert’s Ford, Opequan Creek
September 15 Non-Vetrans mustered out at Clifton, Virginia, leaving 5 officers and 300 men.
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (Opequan)
September 22
Fisher’s Hill
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
October At Strasburg
October 14 Mustered out nonveterans
November 9 At Kernstown
December 9-12 Moved to Petersburg, Va. and the Siege of Petersburg. Went into winter quarters near Squirrel Level Road.
1865
February 20 Captain Ronald A. Kennedy of Company K, 3rd Vermont Infantry was transferred to the 5th Vermont and promoted to lieutenant colonel.
March 25 Fort Fisher, before Petersburg
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
April 2
Fall of Petersburg

The 5th Vermont was the first regiment to plant its colors on the Confederate defensive works.

April 6 Sailor’s Creek
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 10 – 23 At Farmville and Burkesville Station
April 23-27 March to Danville
May 18 Moved to Manchester
May 24-June 8 March to Washington, D.C.
June 8 Corps Review
June 9 Lieutenant Colonel Ronald A. Kennedy was promoted to colonel.
June 29 Mustered out 24 officers and 288 men.