The 2nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 10 officers and 228 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 77 enlisted men to disease in the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.
|Organized at the Wisconsin Agricultural Society Fairgrounds at Madison, Wisconsin, named Camp Randall after the Governor of Wisconsin.|
|June 11||Mustered in for three years service under Colonel S. Park Coon, Lt. Colonel Henry W. Peck and Major Duncan McDonald.|
|June 20||After a speach by Governor Randall the regiment boarded a train for Washington. It was made up of 1,048 men in plain grey uniforms and included a 34 piece regimental band. The regiment was fully equipped except for weapons.|
|June 20-25||Moved by train to Washington, D.C. via Chicago, Cleveland, Pittsburg and Baltimore, met by cheering crowds at every stop, including Baltimore, where crowds cheered the men as they marched between train stations.|
|June 25||Arrived in Washington. The Second Wisconsin was the first of the Three Years Regiments to reach the capital.|
|June 27||The officers met with Colonel Coon to request his resignation.|
|end of June||Crossed the Georgetown Aqueduct into Virginia and moved to Fort Corcoran. Attached to Sherman’s Brigade, Tyler’s Division, McDowell’s Army of Northeast Virginia.|
|July 16-21||Advance on Manassas, Va.|
|July 17||Occupation of Fairfax Court House|
|July 18||Action at Blackburn’s Ford|
General Sherman deemed Colonel Coon unsuitable to command the regiment and appointed him to his staff, leaving Lt. Colonel Peck in command of the regiment during the battle.
|July 29 – 30||Colonel Coon and Lt. Colonel Peck resigned. Major McDonald was promoted to lieutenant colonel and assumed command of the regiment.|
|July-August||Duty at Fort Corcoran, Defenses of Washington, D.C.|
|August||Camp at Meridian Hill and duty at Fort Tillinghast and Fort Corcoran, Division of the Potomac.|
|August 3||Edgar O’Connor was appointed Colonel to command the regiment.|
|August 9||Lieutenant Colonel McDonald resigned|
|August 20||Lucius Fairchild was appointed lieutenant colonel.|
|August 28||Thomas S. Allen was appointed major.|
|August-October 10||Company K assigned to duty as Heavy Artillery at Forts Corcoran, Marcy and Ethan Allen|
|September 25||Reconnaissance to Lewinsville, Va.|
|October||Attached to King’s Brigade, McDowell’s Division, Army of the Potomac|
|December 9||Company K permanently transferred to 1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery as Battery A|
|December 20||New Company K organized|
|March||Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|March 10-16||Advance on Manassas, Va.|
|March 18-April 23||Advance to Falmouth|
|April||Attached to 3rd Brigade, King’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock|
|May 25-29||McDowell’s advance on Richmond|
|June 2-11||Operations against Jackson attached to 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia|
|July 24-26||Reconnaissance to Orange Court House|
|August 5-8||Expedition to Frederick’s Hall Station and Spotsylvania Court House|
|August 5-6||Thornburg’s Mills or Massapona Church|
|August 16-September 2||Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia|
|August 21-23||Fords of the Rappahannock|
|August 21||Catlett’s Station|
The regiment lost 298 men killed and wounded out of 500 men on the field in a brutal stand-up firefight with the Confederate Stonewall Brigade. Colonel O’Connor was mortally wounded. Major Allen was hit twice but stayed on the field.
The regiment is referenced by a trailside marker on Brawner’s Farm on the Manassas battlefield.
|September 1||Battle of Chantilly (Reserve)|
|September 6-22||Maryland Campaign. Attached to 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|September 8||Lt. Colonel Fairchild was promoted to colonel and Major Allen to lieutenant colonel|
The brigade was the spearhead of Hooker’s early morning attack down the Hagerstown Pike.Captain Colwell of Company B was killed while commanding the skirmish line and Lieutenant Colonel Allen was wounded.
On the morning of the 17th, with its right on the Hagerstown Pike, Gibbon’s Brigade, which three days before had earned the title of the “Iron Brigade”, advanced in the direction of the Dunkard Church. When 135 yards north of this point Confederates, deployed under cover of the ledge and woods west of the pike attacked the flank, upon which the 19th Indiana and 7th Wisconsin were deployed on the plateau and in the woods west of the pike and the 2nd and 6th Wisconsin in the infamous Cornfield east of it. Battery B, 4th U. S. Artillery, went into position west of the pike and a few yards south of Miller’s barn. Supported by Patrick’s Brigade and the Battery on the right and Phelps’ Brigade on the left, Gibbon’s Brigade advanced to and south of this point but was forced back. Charge and countercharge of the most deadly character were made across the open plateau west of and in the Cornfield and ground south of it, east of the pike, and the Iron Brigade was compelled to retire to the field north of D. R. Miller’s and then to the cover of the high ground north and east of Joseph Poffenberger’s.
|September-October||At Sharpsburg, Md|
|Advance to Falmouth, Va.|
|January 14||Lt. Colonel Allen was transferred to become colonel of the 5th Wisconsin Infantry. Major Stevens was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain John Mansfield of Company G promoted to major.|
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|February-April||At Belle Plains|
|March 25-29||Expedition from Belle Plains into Westmoreland County|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|April 29-May 2||Operations at Pollock’s Mill Creek|
|April 29-30||Fitzhugh’s Crossing|
|May 20-26||Operations on Northern Neck|
|June||Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps|
Two companies were temporarily attached to the 7th Wisconsin Infantry and were part of one of the composite infantry brigades that took part in the battle.
|June 11-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Lucius Fairchild, who was wounded on July 1st, losing his arm but surviving to become Governor of Wisconsin. Lieutenant Colonel Stevens had been killed moments before Fairchild was wounded, so Major John Mansfield briefly took command of the regiment until he, too, was wounded. Captain George H. Otis then took command.
From the monument on the Gettysburg battlefield:
Iron Brigade, July 1st 1863. 2nd Reg. Wis. Vol. Inf., 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps. Position July 2 & 3 on Culp’s Hill. Effective strength July 1st 1863, 302. Killed 26. Wounded 155. Missing 52. Aggregate 233.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.|
|August-October||Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan|
|August 13||Major Mansfield was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
|October 9-22||Bristoe Campaign|
|October 20||Colonel Fairchild was promoted to brigadier general. He would shortly resign his commission due to his Gettyburg wound.|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 26-December 2||Mine Run Campaign|
|February 9||Lieutenant Colonel Mansfield was promoted to colonel.|
|March||Attached to 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps|
|May 3-June 15||Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River|
Colonel Mansfield and Major Parsons were badly wounded.
|May 8||Battle of Laurel Hill|
|May 11||Reduced to less than 100 men, the 2nd was detached from the Brigade and assigned to duty as Provost Guard of the 4th Division, 5th Army Corps|
|May 12||Assault on the Salient|
|May 23-26||North Anna River|
|May 25||Major Parsons was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Captain George H. Otis was promoted to major.|
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
|June 11||The regiment’s three year term of service was over. Non-Veterans were ordered to Madison, Wisconsin to muster out under Major Otis. Veterans and Recruits were consolidated to a battalion of two companies under Captain Dennis B. Daily of Company B known as the Independent Battalion Wisconsin Volunteers.|
Siege of Petersburg begins
|July 2||Non-Veterans were mustered out at Madison, Wisconsin.|
Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
|September||Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps|
|November 30||Battalion consolidated with 6th Wisconsin Infantry as Companies G and H|