Confederate Armies & Departments in the Eastern Theater

< to November • December 1861to January >

The Confederate Army of the Potomac under General Joseph E. Johnston continued to be concentrated in Northern Virginia around Manassas, although elements were stationed as far forward as the Potomac River.
The Army of the Valley under Major General Thomas J. Jackson was headquartered at Winchester. Brigadier General William Loring’s Army of the Northwest joined Jackson at Christmas. It would retain its name but would be subject to Jackson’s orders in the upcoming campaign.
The Army of the Peninsula under the command of Major General John Magruder defended the eastern approaches to Richmond.
The Department of Norfolk under the command of Major General Benjamin Huger was responsible for the defence of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
The Aquia District, commanded by Major General Theophilus H. Holmes, commanded troops along the Potomac near Aquia Landing, including the strategic city of Fredericksburg.