Confederate Regiments & BatteriesAlabama

The 9th Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized in Richmond, Virginia in May of 1861 and fought through the war until surrendered at Appomattox Court House in April of 1865. It mustered 1,138 men during the Civil War and lost 200 men killed or mortally wounded and 175 who died of disease.

May The 9th Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized at Richmond under Colonel Cadmus Wilcox (West Point Class of 1846) and Major Joseph H. King.
June Captain Edward O’Neal arrived at Richmond from Alabama with three companies and was appointed major.
July Moved to Winchester and attached to brigade of General Kirby Smith
July 3 Captain Samuel Henry was appointed lieutenant colonel.
July 21 Missed the Battle of Manassas due to a railroad accident
October 21 Colonel Wilcox was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Henry was promoted to colonel, Major O’Neal was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and Captain Jeremiah H.J. Williams of Company B was promoted to major.
March Marched to the Peninsula. Lieutenant Colonel O’Neal was appointed colonel of the 26th Alabama Infantry.
April 5 – May 4 Shelled in the Yorktown positions
May 5 – 6

Battle of Williamsburg

The regiment suffered 10 killed and 45 wounded, including Captain Dougle W. Gillis and W.C. Murphy (wounded and captured). The regiment helped capture an 8-gun battery.

From the report of General Wilcox:

Among those that call for special notice are Capts. Warren Smith, Gillis and King. The companies of the first two were the first to enter the captured battery. Captain Gillis, greatly distinguished for courage, displayed an example of coolness set to his men. He was mortally wounded. Captain Murphy of the Ninth, conspicuous for pertinacity and courage, was painfully wounded in the arm. He remained on the field and commanded his company until shot through the body and borne from the field.

The regiment also took 70 prisoners.

May 5 Major Hilary Herbert of Company F was promoted to major.
May 31-June 1

Battle of Seven Pines

Major Herbert was wounded and captured.

June 27

Battle of Gaines’ Mill

The regiment suffered 34 killed and 96 wounded. Captain James M. Crow of Company D was wounded and Captains Edward Young Hill and Thomas H. Hobbs were mortally wounded

June 30

Battle of Frasier’s Farm (Glendale)

Suffered 31 killed and 95 wounded, including Captain John C. McKenzie, who was wounded

August 30

Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

Suffered 30 casualties, including Captain Albert Martin, who was wounded

September 14 – 15

Siege of Harpers Ferry

September 17

Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded at the start of the battle by Major Jeremiah “Jere” Williams. He took over the brigade as senior officer after Colonel Cumming was wounded early on 17 September, and was himself wounded. Captain James M. Crow of Company D took command of the regiment when Major Williams assumed brigade command. Captain Crow then took over the brigade as senior officer, leaving Lieutenant Alex Chisholm in command of the survivors of the regiment.

The regiment lost Captain John Rayburn, Adjutant James W. Wilson and 6 other men killed. Captains M. G. May and Benjamin F. Taylor and 40 other men were wounded and 9 men were missing.

December 13

Battle of Fredericksburg

March 19 Colonel Henry was cashiered for cowardice and Major King was promoted to colonel.
May Captain Crow was given command of the brigade sharpshooters.
May 3 – 4

Battle of Salem Church (Bank’s Ford)

Major Williams was in command of the regiment. Captain W. C. Murphy and 20 other men were killed and Captain John Rayburn and 89 other men wounded. The regiment countercharged the attack of Colonel Emory Upton’s 121st New York, which was leading the Union assault down the Plank Road. The attack stopped Upton and sent the 121st back in disorder, costing them 200 casualties out of 453 men.

June 1 The regiment, with Wilcox’s Brigade of Anderson’s Division, transferred to the new Third Army Corps under the command of Lieutenant General A.P. Hill.
July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The 9th Alabama Infantry Regiment was commanded by Colonel Joseph Horace King. It lost 8 men killed. Colonel King, Elias Jacobs, John C. Featherston and 29 other men were wounded and 76 men were missing or captured, including Captain Gaynes C. Smith; and Captain John N. Chisholm, who was wounded, captured and died in captivity.

From the monument to Wilcox’s Brigade at Gettysburg:

July 2. Formed line here in forenoon. The 10th and 11th Regiments taking position on the right after a severe skirmish with the Union outpost. Advanced at 6 P. M. and broke the Union line on Emmitsburg Road capturing two guns and pursuing rapidly took many prisoners and six more guns. At Plum Run was met by a heavy fire of artillery and fresh infantry and being unsupported after severe losses fell back without being able to bring off the captured guns.

July 3. Took position west of Emmitsburg Road in support of artillery. Soon after Longstreet’s column started an order was received to advance and support it but smoke hiding the oblique course of Pickett’s Division the Brigade moving straight forward found itself engaged in a separate and useless conflict and was promptly withdrawn.

July 4. In line here all day and at dark began the march to Hagerstown.

September 11 Major Williams resigned. Captain James M. Crow of Company D was promoted to major.
October 31 Colonel Joseph Horace King returned to command of the regiment.
February The regiment was honored by the thanks of a joint resolution of the Confederate Congress as they reenlisted:

Resolved by the Congress of the Confederate States of America, That Congress hails with delight the manifestations evinced by the brave and gallant officers and privates of the Ninth regiment, Alabama volunteers, who have stood under the fire of the enemy for nearly 3 years, never to yield to Northern oppression, and for this act of patriotism and exalted self-sacrifice, in re-enlisting for the war, the thanks of Congress and the country are eminently due them. That the example of those brave men who have endured the dangers and perils of the war since its commencement is a happy omen for the future, and should encourage Congress and the country to rest with an abiding hope and confidence in the success of our arms and the final triumph of liberty, under the lead of those brave and unconquerable spirits. Approved February 16, 1864.

May 5 – 7

Battle of the Wilderness

The 9th Alabama Infantry Regiment suffered about 50 casualties, including Captains Elias Jacobs (killed) and John A. Cobb (wounded)

May 8 – 12

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Suffered about 60 casualties, including Captain William T. Smith, who was wounded

May 31 – June 4

Battle of Cold Harbor

The regiment suffered about 20 casualties

July 30

Battles around Petersburg

The regimental flag was captured. Captain Henry N. Coleman was killed, Captain John Rayburn was wounded, and Captain Benjamin F. Taylor and Adjutant William R. Holcombe were captured.

Sergeant John H. Deaton of Company E captured the colors of two Michigan regiments

August 26

Battle of Ream’s Station

August 30 Captain Elias Jacobs killed in fighting around Petersburg
February 5 – 7

Battle of Hatcher’s Run

Captain James M. Crow assumed command of the regiment for the rest of the war.

April 1 – 9

Retreat to Appomattox

April 9

Appomattox Court House

The 9th Alabama Infantry Regiment surrendered 6 officers and 70 men under the command of Maor James M. Crow.