Confederate Regiments & Batteries * Louisiana

The 7th Louisiana Infantry enrolled 1,077 men during the Civil War. Of these, 190 men were killed or died of their wounds, 68 died of disease, 2 were killed in accidents, 1 was murdered and 1 executed. Fifty three were known to have deserted and 57 took the Oath of Allegiance to the United States.

May Organized at Camp Moore from men from New Orleans, Baton Rouge, Donaldsonville and Livingston.
June 5 Mustered in at Camp Moore with 944 men under the command of Colonel Harry T. Hays, Lieutenant Colonel Charles DeChoiseul and Major Davidson B. PennCompany A – “Continental Guards” – Captain G. Clark
Company B – “Baton Rouge Fencibles” – Captain A.S. Herron
Company C – “Sarsfield Rangers” – Captain C.M. Wilson
Company D – “Virginia Guards” – Captain R.B. Scott
Company E – “Crescent Rifles Company C” – Captain S.H. Gilman
Company F – “Irish Volunteers” – Captain W.B. Ratliff
Company G – “American Rifles, Company A” – Captain W.D. Rickarby
Company H – “Crescent Rifles, Company B” – Captain H.T. Jett
Company I – “Virginia Blues” – Captain D.A. Wilson
Company K – “Livingston Rifles” – Captain T.M. Terry
June Moved to Lynchburg, mustering over 850 men.
June 22-23 Companies A-E under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Charles DeChoiseul moved from Lynchburg to Maassas Junction on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad.  Assigned to the Brigadier General Jubal Early’s Brigade at Camp Pickens.
July 18
Blackburn’s Ford

Two men were killed and to were wounded.

July 21
First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regiment was temporarily assigned to Longstreet’s Brigade and was posted on Chinn Ridge. It participated in the pursuit of the Federal army towards Poplar Ford. In the evening it was stationed a mile northwest of the Stone Bridge over Bull Run at the Carter farm, Pitsylvania, soon known as Camp Hays. The regiment lost 3 men killed and 20 or 23 men wounded.

July Assigned to Walker’s Brigade, 1st (Provisional) Corps, Army of the Potomac. Lieutenant Colonel DeChoiseul took temporary command of Wheat’s Special Battalion while Colonel Wheat recovered from his wound at Manassas.
July 25 The regiment was brigaded under Colonel I.G. Seymour, senior colonel of the Brigade, with the 6th, 8th and 9th Louisiana Infantry Regiments and Wheat’s Battalion.
September 29-October 1 Reconnaissance to Great Falls.
October 21 The regiment was brigaded in the Eighth Brigade of the Army of the Potomac under Brigadier General Taylor with the 6th, 8th and 9th Louisiana Infantry Regiments and Wheat’s Battalion as the First Louisiana Brigade and was assigned to Ewell’s Division.
Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Attached to Taylor’s Louisiana Brigade of Ewell’s Division, which joined Jackson’s Army of the Valley in the Shenandoah.

May 7 Somerville Heights (detachment)
May 23
Battle of Front Royal

The regiment was in reserve and suffered only two men wounded

May 24 Middletown
May 25
First Battle of Winchester
June 1 Mount Caramel
June 8-9
Battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic

The regiment lost 132 men, nearly 50% of those engaged, charging a battery supported by the 7th Ohio Infantry. Colonel Hays was badly wounded and Lt. Colonel DeChoisul was mortally wounded.

June 19 Lieutenant Colonel DeChoisel died from his Port Republic wound in Richmond. Major Penn was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Thomas M. Terry of Company K was promoted to major.
June 25 – July 1
Seven Days Battles

The 7th Louisiana lost 68 men.

July 25 Colonel Hays was promoted to brigadier general and given permanent command of the brigade. Lieutenant Colonel Penn was promoted to colonel and Major Terry was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
June 27
Battle of Gaines’ Mill
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 26 Bristoe Station
August 27 Ketle Run
August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas
September 1
Battle of Chantilly
Maryland Campaign

The regiment lost 69 men in the campaign.

September 12-15
Siege and Capture of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

Commanded by Colonel Penn, who was wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Thomas M. Terry took over the regiment, which suffered 69 casualties.

December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment was in reserve near Hamilton’s Crossing.

May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville
May 3
Marye’s Heights

The regiment lost 80 men. Colonel Penn and Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Terry were captured.

June 14-15
Second Battle of Winchester

Hay’s Brigade circled around the west side of Winchester and assaulted the Star Fort on the northwest side of town. The 6th, 7th and 9th were in the front line with the 5th and 8th in support as the brigade stormed the fort, capturing its artillery and driving off the defenders. The 7th Louisiana lost 24 men. Captain J. Moore Wilson was wounded and Lieutenant Vitrivius P. Terry (brother of Lt. Colonel Terry) was mortally wounded.

July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel David B. Penn and brought 235 men to the field. It lost 13 men killed, 40 wounded and 5 captured, mostly in the assault on Cemetery Hill on the evening of the second day. Lieutenant W.P. Talbot was killed on July 2.

From the monument to Hays’s Brigade at Gettysburg:

July 1. Advancing at 3 P. M. with Hoke’s Brigade flanked Eleventh Corps aided in taking two guns pursued retreating Union troops into town capturing many and late in evening halting on East High St.

July 2. Moved forward early into the low ground here with its right flank resting on Baltimore St. and skirmished all day. Enfiladed by artillery and exposed to musketry fire in front it pushed forward over all obstacles scaled the hill and planted its colors on the lunettes capturing several guns. Assailed by fresh troops and with no supports it was forced to retire but brought off 75 prisoners and 4 stands of colors.

July 3. Occupied a position on High St. in town.

July 4. At 2 A. M. moved to Seminary Ridge. After midnight began the march to Hagerstown.

November 7
Battle of Rappahannock Station

The regiment was part of two brigades defending a bridgehead on the north bank of the Rappahannock River that was overrun in a rare night attack. Over 1,600 Confederate prisoners were taken from the eight understrength regiments defending the bridgehead, with only a few men swimming across the river at their backs. Of the 1200 men of Hays’ Louisiana Brigade, 699 were captured, with 180 captured from the 7th Louisiana. Colonel Penn was captured, and Major J. Moore Wilson took command of the regiment.

Late November The Louisiana Brigade was so reduced by casualties that the 5th, 6th, and 7th Louisiana Infantry Regiments were consolidated into a single company.
Mine Run Campaign
March 500 of the 699 men from the brigade captured at Rappahannock Station were exchanged and returned to duty
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Major Wilson was taken prisoner

June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June Lynchburg Campaign
June -October
Early’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Assigned to Hays’ Brigade (Colonel William R. Peck commanding) of Brigadier General Zebulon York’s Consolidated Louisiana Brigade in Gordon’s Division of the Army of the Valley

July 9
Battle of Monocacy

Commanded by Lt. Colonel Thomas M. Terry

July 24
Second Battle of Kernstown
August 25 Shepherdstown
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester
September 21-22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
October The ten regiments of the Louisiana brigade were reorganized as a battalion of six companies with less than 500 men, although it would continue to be referred to as a brigade. Colonel Raine Peck (at 6’3″ and 300 pounds known as “Big Peck”) was given command of the brigade.
December The regiment left the Army of the Valley and returned to the Petersburg defences with the remnants of the Second Corps
Siege of Petersburg
February 5-7
Battle of Hatcher’s Run
February 18 Colonel Peck was promoted to brigadier general and transferred to the Western Theater. Colonel Eugene Waggaman of the 10th Louisiana was given command of the brigade of 400 men
March 25
Battle of Fort Stedman
April 2
Final Assault on Petersburg
April 6
Battle of Sayler’s Creek
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 7th Louisiana Infantry surrendered 42 enlisted men. There were no officers. The entire brigade only had 373 men.