Confederate Regiments & Batteries * Louisiana


The 8th Louisiana Infantry Regiment enrolled 1,321 men during the Civil War. It lost 252 men killed or died of their wounds, 171 died of disease, 2 men murdered and 1 died in an accident. Eighty men deserted and 56 took the Oath of Allegiance to the United States.

1861
April-May The 8th Louisiana Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Moore, Louisiana.
June 19 Mustered in 889 men under Colonel Henry B. Kelly, Lieutenant Colonel Francis Nicholls and Major John Baptiste Eugene Prados. Seven companies mustered in for the duration of the war and the remaining three for three months.

The regiment mustered 889 men. The companies came from:

Company A – Creole Guards from East Baton Rouge Parish, Captain L.J. Fremaux
Company B – Bienville Rifles from Orleans Parish, Captain A. LaRose
Company C – Attakapas Guards from St. Martin Parish, Captain A. Deblanc
Company D – Sumter Guards from Orleans Parish, Captain F. Newman
Company E – Franklin Sharpshooters from Franklin Parish, Captain G.A. Lester
Company F – Opelousas Guards from St. Landry Parish, Captain J.C. Pratt
Company G – Minden Blues from Claiborne Parish, Captain J.L. Lewis
Company H – Cheneyville Rifles from Rapides Parish, Captain P.F. Keary
Company I – Rapides Invincibles from Rapides Parish, Captain L. Crandall
Company K – Phoenix Company from Ascension Parish, Captain L.D. Nicholls

June 30-July 1 Companies B, D, E, F, G & K of the regiment arrived at Manassas and were assigned to the brigade of Brigadier General Milledge Bonham. They were stationed at Mitchell’s Ford on Bull Run. The remaining four companies (A, C, H & I) arrived the following day and were stationed at Camp Pickens, Manassas Junction.
July 21
Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

Reserve Guard. Attached to 1st Louisiana Brigade. The men at Mitchell’s Ford came under fire but, being entrenched, suffered no casualties.

July 22 A detachment of 50 men under Major Prados escorted prisoners to Richmond.
July 23-
September 15
Garrison duty at Manassas Junction
July 25 The regiment was brigaded under Brigadier General Taylor with the 6th, 7th and 9th Louisiana Infantry Regiments and Wheat’s Battalion and was assigned to Ewell’s Division.
September 15-26 Moved to Centreville and stationed at Camp Bienville.
September 26-October 16 Moved to Camp Beauregard at Germantown.
September 29-October 1 Reconnaissance to Great Falls, Seneca Falls, and Coon’s Fairy on the Potomac River.
Winter Northern Virginia
1862
April Major Prados was defeated during the reorganization.
May
Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Attached to Taylor’s Louisiana Brigade of Ewell’s Division, which joined Jackson’s Army of the Valley in the Shenandoah.

May 7 Adjutant Trevanion D. Lewis was appointed major
May 23 Capture of Front Royal
May 25
First Battle of Winchester

Lieutenant Colonel Nicholls lost his left arm. Major Lewis took over command of the regiment.

May 30 Part of the regiment was captured at Front Royal.
June 1 Mount Caramel
June 8-9
Battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic

The regiment lost 9 men killed and 37 wounded

Seven Days Battles

The regiment lost 15 men killed and 69 wounded

June 27
Battle of Gaines’ Mill
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 27-28 Bristoe Station and Kettle Run
August 29
Second Battle of Manassas
September 1
Battle of Chantilly
Maryland Campaign

The regiment lost 91 men as casualties

September 12-15
Siege and Capture of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

Commanded by Major Trevannion D. Lewis. The regiment lost 103 casualties. Major Lewis was wounded.

October 15 Lt. Colonel Nicholls was promoted to brigadier general. Major Lewis was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Alcibiades de Blanc was promoted to major
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment was in reserve and suffered no casualties

1863
January 19 Jubal Early was promoted to Major General. He had been commanding Ewell’s Division since Alexander Lawton was wounded at Sharpsburg. The division would be known afterwards as Early’s Division.
April 6 Colonel Kelly, who had frequently been absent due to illness, transferred to Military Court. Lieutenant Colonel Lewis was promoted to colonel, Major De Blanc promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain German A. Lester of Company E to major.
May 3-4
Marye’s Heights and Salem Church (Chancellorsville Campaign)

The regiment lost 12 killed and 71 wounded. Colonel Lewis was captured, Lieutenant Colonel DeBlanc was captured at Banks Ford and Major Lester was wounded.

May 18 Colonel Lewis and Lieutenant Colonel De Blanc were paroled from Old Capitol Prison and rejoined the regiment.
June 13
Second Battle of Winchester

Hay’s Brigade circled around the west side of Winchester and assaulted the Star Fort on the northwest side of town. The 6th, 7th and 9th were in the front line with the 5th and 8th in support as the brigade stormed the fort, capturing its artillery and driving off the defenders. Captain Albert DeJean was killed.

July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Trevanion D. Lewis and brought 296 men to the field. On July 1st it helped crush the Union Eleventh Corps north of Gettysburg. It lost heavily in the July 2 evening attack on Cemetery Hill, losing its colors, 14 men killed, 50 wounded and 11 captured. Colonel Lewis, Captain Victor St. Martin and Lieutenant A. Randolph were killed and Lieutenant Colonel DeBlanc was wounded. Major German A. Lester took command of the regiment after the attack.

From the monument to Hays’s Brigade at Gettysburg:

July 1. Advancing at 3 P. M. with Hoke’s Brigade flanked Eleventh Corps aided in taking two guns pursued retreating Union troops into town capturing many and late in evening halting on East High St.

July 2. Moved forward early into the low ground here with its right flank resting on Baltimore St. and skirmished all day. Enfiladed by artillery and exposed to musketry fire in front it pushed forward over all obstacles scaled the hill and planted its colors on the lunettes capturing several guns. Assailed by fresh troops and with no supports it was forced to retire but brought off 75 prisoners and 4 stands of colors.

July 3. Occupied a position on High St. in town.

July 4. At 2 A. M. moved to Seminary Ridge. After midnight began the march to Hagerstown.

July Lieutenant Colonel De Blanc was promoted to Colonel while in the hospital at Lynchburg. He would not be able to return to the regiment. Major Lester was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
October 9-22 Battle of Bristoe Station
November 7
Battle of Rappahannock Station

The regiment was part of two brigades defending a bridgehead on the north bank of the Rappahannock River that was overrun in a rare night attack. Over 1,600 Confederate prisoners were taken from the eight understrength regiments defending the bridgehead, with only a few men swimming across the river at their backs. Of the 1200 men of Hays’ Louisiana Brigade, 699 were captured. The 8th Louisiana lost 162 men captured.

November-December
Mine Run Campaign
1864
March 500 of the 699 men from the brigade captured at Rappahannock Station were exchanged and returned to duty
May 5
Battle of the WIlderness
May 8 The regiment with the rest of Hays’ Brigade was transferred to Johnson’s Division.
May 12
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment fought in the defense of the Mule Shoe

June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor

Lieutenant Colonel Lester was killed on June 1

June
Lynchburg Campaign
June The regiment moved to the Shenandoah Valley with the Second Corps to become part of Early’s Army of the Valley.
June 1864 Early’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Assigned to Hays’ Brigade (Colonel William R. Peck commanding) of Brigadier General Zebulon York’s Consolidated Louisiana Brigade in Gordon’s Division of the Army of the Valley

July 9
Battle of Monocacy

Commanded by Captain Louis Prados

August 15 Lieutenant Colonel De Blanc transferred to the Invalid Corps.
August 25 Shepherdstown
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester
September 21-22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
October The ten regiments of the Louisiana brigade were reorganized as a battalion of six companies with less than 500 men, although it would continue to be referred to as a brigade. Colonel Raine Peck (at 6’3″ and 300 pounds known as “Big Peck”) was given command of the brigade.
December The regiment left the Army of the Valley and returned to the Petersburg defences with the remnants of the Second Corps
1865
January-March
Siege of Petersburg
February 5-7
Battle of Hatcher’s Run
February 18 Colonel Peck was promoted to brigadier general and transferred to the Western Theater. Colonel Eugene Waggaman of the 10th Louisiana was given command of the brigade of 400 men
March 25
Battle of Fort Stedman
April 2
Final Assault on Petersburg
April 6
Battle of Sayler’s Creek
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 3 officers and 54 enlisted men under the command of Colonel Waggaman. The entire brigade only had 373 men.