Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Mississippi

May The 19th Mississippi infantry Regiment organized at Oxford, Mississippi. It was raised by Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II, an Oxford attorney who funded it out of his own pocket.

Company A – “President Davis Guards” – Captain Jacob M. Macon
Company B – “Mott Guards” – Captain W.G. Martin
Company C – “Warren Rifles” – Captain N.H. Harris
Company D – “Thomas Hinds Guards” – Captain C.S. Coffey
Company E – “McClung Riflemen” – Captain J.W.C. Smith
Company F – “Avant Southrons” – Captain W.G. Vaughn
Company G – “Springport Invincibles” – Captain R.S. Abernathy
Company H – “Dan Wright Rifles” – Captain J.G. Hamer
Company I – “Marshall Rifles” – Captain T.J. Hardin
Company K – “Jake Thompson Guard” – Captain W.H.H. Tyson

May 25 The regiment was ordered to rendezvous at Richmond, Virginia and proceeded by rail via Chattanooga and Knoxville.
June 10-11 Christopher Mott was appointed colonel. He was a Mexican War veteran and Lucius Lamar’s law partner.  Lucius Lamar was appointed lieutenant colonel, and Abner Smead was the regiment’s major.
June 12 The regiment was stationed at the old State Agricultural Fairgrounds north of Richmond.
June 15 Major Smead was transferred to the 12th Georgia Infantry Regiment.
July 22 Arrived at Manassas Junction and was assigned to Brigadier General E. Kirby Smith’s Fifth Brigade of the Army of the Shenandoah. The regiment did not take part in the Battle of Manassas (Bull Run).
August 4 Stationed at Broad Run bear Bristoe Station.
September 21 Stationed at Little Rocky Run east of Centerville.
October 16 Moved to the suspension bridge on Cub Run west of Centerville
October 16 Assigned to the 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Potomac under the command of Brigadier General Cadmus Wilcox.
December 11 Major John B. Mullins was assigned to the 19th Mississippi.
January-March Assigned to the Wilcox’s Brigade, G.W. Smith’s Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia.
March-June Assigned to the Wilcox’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
Siege of Yorktown
April 16
Lee’s Mill
May 5
Battle of Williamsburg

The regiment brought 501 men to the field and lost 15 men and 85 wounded. Colonel Christopher Mott and Captain Jacob M. Macon of Company A were killed. Lieutenant Colonel Lamar was promoted to colonel and took command of the regiment. Major Mullins was promoted to lieutenant colonel.

May 15 Colonel Lamar had an attack of vertigo and was unable to remain in field service. Lieutenant Colonel Mullins took command of the regiment.
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines
October 16 Assigned to the 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Potomac under the command of Brigadier General Cadmus Wilcox.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 27-30
Battle of Gaines’ Mill (Frayser’s Farm)

The regiment lost 58 men killed, 264 wounded, and 3 missing. Lieutenant Colonel Mullins was wounded and Captain George D. Norris of Company B was mortally wounded.

June The regiment was transferred to Featherston’s Brigade in Longstreet’s Division.
July 13 Longstreet’s Division was split into two, with the 19th Mississippi and Featherston’s Brigade assigned to Wilcox’s Divison.
August 30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

Captain Harris was wounded.


Maryland Campaign

The regiment, along with the rest of Featherston’s Brigade, was transferred to Anderson’s Division of Longstreet’s Command.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The 19th Mississippi infantry Regiment was commanded by Captain Nathaniel W. Harris, although some sources suggest he may have been still absent from his Second Manassas wound during the battle. The regiment lost 6 men killed and 52 wounded.

Text from the War Department marker for Anderson’s Division at Antietam:

Anderson’s Division comprising the Brigades of Cumming, Wright, Pryor, Mahone, Featherstone and Armistead crossed the Potomac at Blackford’s Ford about daybreak and between 8 and 10 A. M. arrived upon this part of the field. Armistead’s Brigade was sent to the support of McLaws in the Dunkard Church Woods and the other five Brigades were disposed in the Apple Orchard and on open ground either side of it, between this and Piper’s Lane. The Division advanced in support of a part of D.H. Hill’s Division, then heavily engaged and after a stubborn contest in which portions of the Division reached this point, it was repulsed with heavy loss and fell back to Piper’s Lane and the Hagerstown Pike.

November 4 Captain Harris of Company C was promoted to major, to date from May 5 1862.
November 10 Captain Lemuel R. Mullins of Company E died.
November 24 Lieutenant Colonel Mullens was promoted to colonel and Major Harris was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
April 2 Colonel Mullens resigned. Lieutenant Colonel Harris was promoted to colonel and Major Ward Vaughn to lieutenant colonel.
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 6 men killed and 40 wounded

May 5 Captain Thomas J. Hardin of Company I promoted to major
June Assigned to Posey’s Brigade of R.H Anderson’s Division of the newly created Third Corps.
July 2-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment brought 372 men to the field. It lost 5 men killed and 22 wounded.

From the War Department tablet for Posey’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield along West Confederate Avenue:

July 2. Arrived and took position here in the morning. Through some misunderstanding of orders instead of the Brigade advancing in compact ranks in support of the troops on its right in their assault on the Union lines the regiments were ordered forward at different times. Deployed as skirmishers and fighting in detachments they pushed back the Union outposts and drove some artillerists for awhile from their guns but did not join in the attack upon the Union position on Cemetery Ridge.

July 3. Was held in reserve here supporting artillery in its front.

July 17 Lieutenant Colonel Vaugn resigned and Major Hardin was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
October 8 Major Thomas Reading resigned.

Bristoe Campaign

October 14 Colonel Harris took command of the brigade when General Posey was mortally wounded

Mine Run Campaign

January 20 Colonel Harris was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Hardin was promoted to colonel and Major Richard W, Phipps was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness

Captain Charles Burrage of Company A was mortally wounded.

May 12
Battle of Spotsylvania

Colonel Thomas Hardin and Adjutant Robert Peel were killed. Lieutenant Colonel Phipps was promoted to colonel, and Major James H, Duncan was promoted to lieutenant colonel.

May 23-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petesburg
August 21
Battle of Globe Tavern
April 2
Breakthrough at Petersburg (Fort Gregg)

Lieutenant Colonel James Duncan was wounded and captured at Fort Gregg.

April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 19th Mississippi Infantry Regiment surrendered  8 officers and 129 enlisted men under the command of Colonel Richard W. Phipps.