The 42nd Mississippi Infantry Regiment was organized at Oxford, commanded by Colonel Hugh Reid Miller, Lieutenant Colonel Hillery Moseley and Major William A. Feeney.
Company A – “Carroll Fencibles” – Carroll County
|June 12||Moved to Grenada.|
|June||Moved to Virginia with about 750 men.|
|July 3||Arrived in Richmond|
|November 15||Major Feeney with four companies were moved to Fredericksburg to guard the fords.|
|November 22||Major Feeney’s companies returned to Richmond.|
|December||Assigned to Davis’ Brigade, French’s Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.|
|December 13||Moved to Goldsboro, North Carolina.|
|February 2||Moved to Blackwater Bridge, Virginia|
|April 8||To Suffolk. Attached to Longstreet’s command for the Siege of Suffolk|
|June 3||Moved to Fredericksburg and attached to Archer’s Brigade of Heth’s Division in the newly-created Third Corps under A.P. Hill.|
|June 15||Began the march for the Shenandoah Valley which led to Pennsylvania.|
|June 25||Crossed the Potomac at Shepherdstown|
|June 30||Camped near Cashtown|
The 42nd Mississippi Infantry Regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Hugh Reid Miller. Lieutenant-Colonel Moseley and Major Feeney were severely wounded during the fighting on July 1. Colonel Miller was mortally wounded and captured on July 3 during Pickett’s Charge. Captain Andrew M. Nelson took command as senior captain.
The regiment brought 575 men to the field, losing 46 percent casualties in fighting on Seminary Ridge on the opening day of the battle and during Pickett’s Charge on July 3. Sixty-two men were killed or mortally wounded during the battle, and thirteen prisoners died of wounds shortly after.
From the monument to Davis’ Brigade on Confederate Avenue at Gettysburg:
July 1. Formed line west of Herr’s Tavern and crossing the Run at 10 A. M. dislodged 2nd Maine Battery and the 2nd Brigade 1st Division First Corps. Threatened on the right it wheeled and occupied railroad cut too deep and steep for defense whereby it lost many prisoners and a stand of colors. Joined later by the 11th Regiment previously on duty guarding trains the Brigade fought until the day’s contest ended.
July 2. Lay all day west of the Run. At evening took position near here.
July 3. In Longstreet’s assault the Brigade formed the left center of Pettigrew’s Division and advanced to the stone wall south of Bryan Barn where with regiments shrunken to companies and field officers all disabled further effort was useless.
July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.
The regiment lost six men killed and 25 wounded.
Mine Run Campaign
|May||General Davis was absent on sick leave as Grant opened the 1864 campaign. Colonel Stone took command of the brigade as senior colonel, and Captain J.H. Buchanan commanded the regiment.|
Moved up the Orange Plank Road to meet Federal forces moving through the wilderness. The regiment was on the left of Heth’s Division, north of the Plank Road, and held off a series of attacks by Hancock’s Federal Second Corps. The brigade was relieved at dusk by Thomas’ Brigade of Wilcox’s Division and moved south of the Plank Road.
The Federal pre-dawn attack broke the Confederate line but the 2nd, 11th, 29th and 42nd Mississippi held the line for two hours until Longstreet’s reinforcements reached the battlefield and launched a counterattack. The brigade reformed and attacked when Longstreet was wounded and his attack stalled. It pushed back Federals threatening an Alabama brigade, then built and defended a log barricade until withdrawn to Lee’s defensive line. Colonel Feeney was killed and Lieutenant Colonel Nelson and Adjutant Carr were wounded.
The regiment lost 8 men wounded or missing.
Colonel Nelson was captured with most of the regiment and the colors during the initial Federal breakthrough by the Vermont Brigade.
The 42nd Mississippi Infantry Regiment surrendered 1 Lieutenant, 1 Chaplain, and 5 enlisted men with Lee’s army.
The regiment’s field officers were Colonels William A. Feeney, Hugh R. Miller, and Andrew M. Nelson; Lieutenant Colonel Hillery Mosely; and Major Robert W. Locke.