Confederate Regiments & Batteries * North Carolina


 

1861
July 20 The 18th North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized near Wilmington at Camp Wyatt as the 8th Infantry Regiment Volunteers. It mustered 1,100 men under the command of Colonel James D. Radcliffe, Lieutenant Colonel Oliver P. Meares, and Major George Tate. Assigned to the Department of North Carolina.

 

Company A – Wilmington – “German Volunteers” – Captain C. Cornehlson
Company B – Bladen County – “Bladen Light Infantry” – Captain Robert Tait
Company C – Columbus County – “Columbus Guards No. 3” – Captain Forney George
Company D – Robeson County – “Robeson Rifle Guard” – Captain William S. Norment
Company E – New Hanover County  “Moore’s Creek Rifle Guards” – Captain John R. Hawes
Company F – Richmond County – “Scotch Boys” – Captain Charles Malloy
Company G – New Hanover County – “Wilmington Light Infantry” – Captain Henry Savage
Company H – Columbus County – “Columbus Guards No. 1” – Captain I. H. Gore
Company I – New Hanover County – “Wilmington Rifle Guards” – Captain O. P. Meares
Company K – Bladen County – “Bladen Guards” – Captain George Tait

Sixty men of Company F were over 6 feet tall.

August 20 Mustered into Confederate service.
October 31 Company K converted to artillery as Company B, 1st North Carolina Artillery, and posted to Fort Fisher on Zeke’s Island.
November 14 Redesignated 18th North Carolina Infantry Regiment.
November 7 Ordered to Port Royal, South Carolina and assigned to Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Port Royal was captured before the regiment arrived, and it was posted to Huguenin’s farm near Pocataligo to guard the railway and waterways.
December Assigned to the 4th Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
1862
March 14 Ordered to return to Wilmington and assigned to Branch’s Brigade, District of the Pamlico, Department of North Carolina. Company K rejoined the regiment. Major Tait resigned and Captain Forney George of Company C was promoted to major. Lieutenant C.C. Gore was promoted to captain of Company C.
April-May Continued to Kinston and assigned to Branch’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
April 24 The regiment was reorganized for the duration of the war:

 

Lieutenant Colonel Robert Cowan of the 3rd North Carolina State Troops was elected colonel
Captain Thomas J. Purdie of Company K was elected lieutenant colonel
Forney George was reelected major

Company A – Private Thomas W. Brown of Company I was elected captain
Company B – Lieutenant Wilie J. Sikes was elected captain
Company C – Lieutenant W. K. Gore was elected captain
Company D – First Sergeant M. C. Lee was elected captain
Company E – Second Lieutenant Fred Thompson was elected captain
Company F – Second Lieutenant Daniel M. McLaurin was elected captain
Company G – Captain Henry Savage was reelected
Company H – Lieutenant M. A. Byrne was elected captain
Company I – Private John D. Barry was elected captain
Company K – Lieutenant R. M. DeVane was elected captain

May-June Moved by train to Virginia and assigned to Branch’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
May 27
Hanover Court House

The regiment held the crossing at Taliaferro’s Mill. It then attacked the Federal front line and drove it back to the protection of the Mechanicsville Road. Some companies lost 50% casualties.

June 27 A.P. Hill’s Division was attached to Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles

The regiment began the fighting with 396 men and lost 57% casualties.

June 26
Beaver Dam Creek
June 27
Gaines’ Mill
June 30
Frayser’s Farm
July 1
Malvern Hill

Not actively engaged but under artillery fire. A shell from one of the gunboats wounded a few men.

July Assigned to Branch’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
August 9
Cedar Mountain

The regiment lost 14 casualries.

August 20 Crossed the Rappahannock
August 27
Manassas Junction

Skirmish with cavalry and artillery, capturing 200 prisoners.

August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regimet lost 12 casualties.

September 1
Battle of Ox Hill (Chantilly)

With ammunition exhausted held their positions “at the point of the bayonet.”

September Major Purdie was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
September 5 Crossed the Potomac above Leesburg and camped along the Monocacy for several days. Joined by a large number of recruits from home without guns or equipment.
September 12-15
Harpers Ferry

The regiment replaced its smoothbores with captured Springfield rifles, and equipped the new recruits.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas J. Purdie. After reaching Sharpsburg with a fifteen mile forced march from Harpers Ferry the regiment was held in reserve. “None but those of unquestioned endurance” arrived for the battle after the hard march from Harpers Ferry, fording the wide, waist deep river, and a hard uphill march from the ford.

September 20
Battle of Shepherdstown Ford
November 1 Colonel Lane of the 28th North Carolina, who had commanded the brigade as senior colonel after General Branch was killed at Sharpsburg, was promoted to brigadier general. The brigade became known as Lane’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
November 11 Colonel Cowan resigned due to illness. Lieutenant Colonel Purdie was promoted to colonel, Major Forney George was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and Captain John D. Berry of Company I was promoted to major.
November 26 Camped at Guinea Station south of Fredericksburg.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Purdie, who was wounded. It lost 13 men killed and 77 wounded

Winter The regiment went into winter quarters at Moss Neck.
1863
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment was under the command of Colonel Purdie. On the evening of May 2nd men of the regiment mortally wounded General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson in a friendly-fire incident as he and his staff returned from scouting the front of the enemy.

In fighting on May 3 Colonel Purdie was killed, shot in the head, and Lieutenant Colonel George was wounded. Color berer Richardson was wounded and the regimental colors were captured by the 7th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry Regiment. The regiment lost 30 men killed and 96 wounded, and 21 missing in the battle. Major Barry was the only regimental officer left with the brigade, and had only a lieutenant and a captain unwounded to command the regiment.

May Assigned to Lane’s Brigade, Pender’s Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Lieutenant Colonel Forney George resigned to take his seat in the North Carolina legislature, and Major Barry was promoted to colonel. Lieutenant Colonel Ashford. Captain John W. McGill of Company B was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Thomas J. Wooten of Company K was promoted to major.
June 25 Crossed the Potomac River into Maryland at Shepherdstown.
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel John D. Berry. It brought 346 men to the field and lost 25% casualties.

From the monument at Gettysburg to Lane’s Brigade:

July 1. Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 P. M. and advanced on the right of the Division in the final and successful movement against the Union forces on Seminary Ridge held back Union Cavalry which threatened the flank and had a sharp conflict at the stone wall on Seminary Ridge just south of Fairfield Road.

July 2. Lay with its right in McMillan’s Woods with skirmish line advanced.

July 3. In Longstreet’s assault the Brigade supported the centre of Pettigrew’s Division advancing in good order under the storm of shot and shell and when near the Union works north of the Angle pushed forward to aid the fragments of the front line in the final struggle and was among the last to retire.

July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.

July 13-14
Falling Waters

Lane’s Brigade acted as a rear guard. The regiment was deployed as skirmishers.

August 13 General Pender died of his Gettysburg wound. Brigadier General Wilcox was proted to major general and took command of the division. The regiment was assigned to Lane’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
September 22 Skirmish at Jack’s Shop .
October-November
Bristoe Campaign
November 8 Ambushed pursuing Federal cavalry near Culpeper, losing one man killed and several wounded.
November-December
Mine Run Campaign
Winter Went into winter quarters near Liberty Mills. Took part in the army-wide snowball fight.
1864
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment was commanded by Colonel John D. Barry. It lost its colors during the fighting on May 12, when the regiment held off Burnside’s Federals on the right flank of the Confederate army.

May 22-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor

Colonel Barry took command of the brigade when General Lane was wounded.

June 20 Crossed the James River.
June
Siege of Petersburg
June 20 Crossed the James River and marched to Petersburg.
June 22 Fight with Federal force advancing on the Weldon Railroad.
July 2 Returned north of the James and force marched to Deep Bottom.
July 28
Gravel Hill
July 31? Colonel Barry was wounded by a sharpshooter while reeonnoitering. He would be assigned to departmental duty due to his wounds.
August

Returned to south of the James and Appomattox and posted to Battery 45 on the extreme right flank of the Petersburg defences, serving as a reaction force to support the cavalry. 

August 16
Fussell’s Mill
August 25
Reams’ Station
September 30
Jones’ Farm & Squirrel Level Road
October 1
Pegram’s Farm
1865
February 5-7
Hatcher’s Run
April 2
Final Assault on Petersburg, Battery Gregg
April 3 Camped at Amelia Court House
April 5
Jetersvlle and Farmville
April 7
Farmville
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 11 officers and 73 men under the command of Captain John J. Poisson of Company G, as Major Thomas J. Wooten commanded the brigade’s sharpshooters since Spotsylvania. Captain Benjamin F. Rinaldi of Company A was the only other company officer.