“10th Infantry Regiment Volunteers”
|July||The 20th North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized as the 10th Infantry Regiment Volunteers at at Smithfield and Fort Caswell. It was under the command of Colonel Alfred Iverson, son of a U.S. Senetor and fiery sessionist; Lieutenant Colonel Frank Faison, and Major William H. Toon. It was assigned to the Department of North Carolina.
Company A – “The Cabarrus Guards” – Cabarrus County – Captain Nelson Slough
|August 10||Mustered into Confederate Service.|
|September-June||Garrison duty assigned to District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina.|
|November 14||Redesignated 20th North Carolina Infantry Regiment.|
|May 31||Moved to Virginia mustering 1,012 men and posted along the Williamsburg Road.|
|June-September||Assigned to Garland’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia.|
|June 25||King’s School House|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
Beaver Dam Creek
The regiment fought Sykes’ Regulars. Colonel Iverson was badly wounded leading the regiment in a charge on a Federal battery. Lieutenant Colonel Frank Faison was killed and Captain Thomas Toon was wounded. Major William Toon was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Slough of Company A was promoted to major. The two Toons were half brothers.
White Oak Swamp
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Iverson, who had returned after recovering from his wound at Gaines’ Mill. Captain Arwell of company B was killed leading the skirnishers. After Brigadier General Garland was mortally wounded the entire brigade left the field. The regiment is honored on the North Carolina monument at Fox’s Gap.
Garland’s Brigade again broke after fighting at the Bloody Lane. Colonel Iverson rallied the regiment later in the afternoon.
From the marker on the Antietam battlefield just south of the Cornfield:
On the night of September 16, Garland’s Brigade bivouacked in the fields southeast of Roulette’s house. Early on the 17th, it moved to the support of Ripley and Colquitt, crossed the Smoketwon Road a few feet east of this point, made effort to form on Colquitt’s right, but was thrown into confusion and halted in the woods, under cover of boulders, rock ledges and rolling ground, a few yards in advance of this. The advance of Greene’s Division, Twelfth Corps, struck it in the flank and caused it to retire in disorder across the Mumma fields; a part of the Brigade rallying in the west end of the Sunken Road and joining a remnant of Colquitt’s Brigade, the remainder retreating to Sharpsburg, where it was partially rallied and assisted Evans’ Brigade in checking the advance of the Federals on and south of the Boonsboro Pike.
The regiment lost 11 men killed and 30 wounded in the Maryland Campaign.
|September||Assigned to Garland’s-Iverson’s-Johnston’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s-Rodes’ Division, Jackson’s Command-2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.|
|October 30||Left camp at Bunker Hill.|
|November 3||Arrived at Upperville|
|November 5-6||Arrived at Front Royal and forded the Shenandoah at night in the heavy snow.|
|November||Colonel Iverson was promoted to brigadier general and given permanent command of the brigade.|
|December||Went into camp at Corbin’s Farm at Port Royal.|
|December 12||After cooking two days rations left Corbin’s farm and reached Fredericksburg after dark.|
Held in reserve at Hamilton’s Crossing. The regiment was commanded by Major Slough and lost 3 men wounded.
|December||Lieutenant Colonel William Toon resigned. Major Slough was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
Captain Thomas F. Toon of Company K was elected colonel. Captain John S. Brooks of Company G was promoted to major.
The regiment lost 77 casualties. Colonel Toon was wounded three times and Lieutenant Colonel Nelson Slough took command. In Company F the Wilson twins were killed at each other’s side.
The regiment was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Nelson Slough. He was wounded on July 1 in the attack on Oak Ridge, and Major John S. Brooks temporariy took command until he was also wounded. Captain Lewis T. Hicks then commanded the regiment.
The 20th North Carolina brought 372 men to the field and lost 29 men killed and 93 wounded, almost all in a few minutes time in the disastrous charge on Oak Ridge on July 1. Two hundred men were captured along with the regimental colors, but the colors and a number of prisoners were recaptured by the 45th North Carolina.
Battle of Hagerstown
Raccoon Ford and Stevensburg
Buford’s cavalry was repulsed and driven across the river.
Mine Run Campaign
|December||Winter quarters was at Taylorville near Hanover Junction guarding the railroad bridges over the rivers.|
Arrived on the field on the 6th and supported Gordon’s attack, capturing Federal General Seymour.
|May 7||Marched to Spotsylvania Court House through the heat of the burning woods, arriving at night.|
Colonel Thomas Toon was wounded and Major Brooks was killed during the fighting on the 12th for the Mule Shoe. Captain D.J. DeVane of Company I was promoted to major.
|May||Assigned to Johnston’s Brigade, Early’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
Battle of North Anna
Assigned to Johnston’s Brigade, Early’s-Ramseur’s-Pegram’s Division, Army of the Valley. Colonel Toon took command of Johnston’s Brigade.
|June 18||Arrived at Lynchburg and skirmished with Hunter’s Federals.|
|July 4||Arrived at Harpers Ferry.|
|July 10||Passed through Rockville, Maryland.|
|July 11||Within sight of the Capitol dome. Skirmished with Federals “in long, dress, broadcloth coats,” office clerks and stragglers.|
|July 12||Retreated across the Potomac to Virginia.|
Fought with Crook and Averill. “We were literally run over.”
Formed square to defend against Federal Cavalry until relieved by Fitz Lee’s cavalry.
Returned to the main army around Richmond and assigned to Johnston’s Brigade, Pegram’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Colonel Toon was in the hospital for much of December, and Major Duncan J. Devane commanded the regiment.
Colonel Toon was badly wounded, the last of seven wounds suffered in the war. Lieutenant Pleasant A. Smith commanded the regiment.
The 20th North Caroina surrendered 4 officers and 71 enlisted men.