Confederate Regiments & BatteriesNorth Carolina


1861
September 21 The 28th North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized for one year’s service near High Point at Camp Fisher, under the command of Colonel James H. Lane (VMI Class of 1854), Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Lowe and Major Richard Reeves.

Company A – “Surry Regulators” – Surry County, Captain William M. Norman
Company B – “Gaston Invincibles” – Gaston County, Captain Edwards
Company C – “South Fork Farmers” – Catawba County, Captain Samuel D. Lowe
Company D – “Stanly Yankee Hunters” – Stanly County, Captain Montgomery
Company E – “Montgomery Grays” – Montgomery County, Captain William D. Barringer
Company F – “Yadkin boys” – Yadkin County, Captain Kinyoun
Company G – “Guards of Independence” – Orange County, Captain Martin
Company H – “Cleveland Regulators” – Cleveland County, Captain Wright
Company I – “Yadkin Stars” – Yadkin County Captain Speer
Company K – “Stanley guards” – Stanley County, Captain Moody

October Assigned to District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina.
1862
March Assigned to Branch’s Brigade, District of the Pamlico, Department of North Carolina.
March  14
New Bern
April 12 Reorganized for the duration of the war. Assigned to Branch’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina. Captain Samuel D. Lowe of Company C was promoted to major and Lieutenant T. James Linebarger to captain of Company C. John Kenyon of Company F resigned and was replaced by Captian Thomas V. Apperson.
May Moved to Virginia, mustering 1,199 men. Assigned to Branch’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Department of Northern Virginia.
May 27
Hanover Court House

Captain Speer and 15 men were captured.

June-July A.P. Hill’s Division was attached to Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
June 10 Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Lowe died.
June 11 Major Samuel D. Lowe was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
June 12 Captain William J. Montgomery of Company C was promoted to major and Lieutenant Durant A. Parker to captain of Company D.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles

The regiment had 480 men engaged and lost 160 casualties.

June 26
Beaver Dam Creek
June 27
Gaines’s Mill
June 30
Frayser’s Farm

Colonel Lane was wounded.

July 1
Malvern Hill
July-May Assigned to Branch’s-Lane’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command-2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
August 9
Cedar Mountain

The regiment lost 3 men killed and 26 wounded.

August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regiment lost 5 men killed and 45 wounded.

September 1
Battle of Ox Hill (Chantilly)
September 12-15
Siege of Harpers Ferry

The regiment lost 4 men wounded.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The 28th North Carolina was commanded by Colonel James H. Lane. He took over command of the brigade as senior colonel when Brigadier General Branch was killed, and Major William J. Montgomery took over command of the regiment.

From the War Department marker to Branch’s Brigade at Antietam:

In the advance of A. P. Hill’s Division from the Antietam Furnace Road, on the afternoon of September 17th, Branch’s Brigade supported the Brigades of Gregg and Archer.

It was engaged south of this point, and its commander, Brig. General Branch was killed in the southeast part of the field adjoining this on the south.

After the death of General Branch, the command devolved upon Colonel James H. Lane, of the 28th North Carolina, who relieved Toombs’ Brigade of D. R. Jones’ Division at this point.

The Brigade remained in this position until the morning of the 19th, when it recrossed the Potomac.

September 18 The regiment held their position in front of Sharpsburg until ordered after dark to fall back. It was part of the rear guard of the army as it withdrew across the Potomac to Virginia.
September 20
Shepherdstown Ford
October 14-18 Major Montgomery resigned due to ill health and Captain William D. Barringer of Company E was promoted to major. Lieutenant Niven Clark was promoted to Captain of Company E.
November Colonel Lane was promoted to brigadier general to command the brigade, which he had led since the death of Brigadier General Branch at Sharpsburg. Lieutenant Colonel Samuel D. Lowe was promoted to colonel, Major Barringer to lieutenant colonel, and Captain S. N. Stowe of Company B to major.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 65 casualties. Captain T. James Linebarger of Company C was wounded.

1863
March 11 Lieutenant Colonel Barringer resigned, and Major W.H.A. Speer was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 89 casualties. Lieutenant Colonel Speer was wounded.

May Assigned to Lane’s Brigade, Pender’s-Wilcox’s Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
July 1-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Samuel Lowe, who was wounded on July 3. Lieutenant Colonel W.H.A. Speer then took command, who was also wounded. It brought 346 men to the field and lost around 140 casualies. Captains Samuel N. Stowe of Company B, T. James Linebarger of Company C and Simon S. Bohannon of Company I and James M. Crowell of Company K were wounded.

From the monument to Lane’s Brigade at Gettysburg:

July 1. Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 P. M. and advanced on the right of the Division in the final and successful movement against the Union forces on Seminary Ridge held back Union Cavalry which threatened the flank and had a sharp conflict at the stone wall on Seminary Ridge just south of Fairfield Road.

July 2. Lay with its right in McMillan’s Woods with skirmish line advanced.

July 3. In Longstreet’s assault the Brigade supported the centre of Pettigrew’s Division advancing in good order under the storm of shot and shell and when near the Union works north of the Angle pushed forward to aid the fragments of the front line in the final struggle and was among the last to retire.

July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.

July 10
Falling Waters
October-November
Bristoe Campaign
October 14
Bristoe Station
November-December
Mine Run Camaign
1864
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 22-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June
Siege of Petersburg
July 8 Colonel Samuel Lowe resigned and left the regiment for the Invalid Corps. Lieutenant Colonel H.A. Speer was promoted to colonel and Major Samuel N. Stowe to lieutenant colonel.
July 28
Gravel Hill
August 16
Fussell’s Mill
August 25-26
Reams Sation

Colonel Speer was mortally wounded in the head by artillery shell fragments while commanding the brigade. He would die on the 29th. Lieutenant Colonel Samuel N. Stowe was promoted to colonel.

September 30
Jones’s Farm & Squirrel Level Road
October 1
Pegram’s Farm
November-December The regiment ws commanded by Captain Thomas V. Apperson.
1865
February 5-7
Hatcher’s Run
April 2
Final Assault on Petersburg
April 5
Jetersville
April 7
Farmville
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 17 officers and 213 enlisted men under the command of Captain T. J. Linebarger.