The 38th North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized near Raleigh at Camp Mangum, under the command of Colonel William J. Hoke. Lieutenant Colonel Oliver H. Dokery and Major George W. Sharpe. Assigned to the Department of North Carolina.
Company A – “Spartan Band” – Duplin County – Captain A. G. Mosely
|March-June||Assigned to J.R. Anderson’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.|
Reorganized for the duration of the war at Camp Mason, near Raleigh with new elections for all officers.
Thomas S. Kenan was elected colonel but did not accept, and Colonel Hoke was reelected.
Company A – Captain A. G. Mosely was reelected.
|April 24||Moved by rail to Guinea Station, Virginia and assigned to Maxcy Gregg’s Brigade. Guarded bridges in the area.|
|June 14||Assigned to Pender’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
Beaver Dam Creek (Mechanicsville)
The regiment brought 420 men to the field and lost 152 men killed or wounded. Company G alone lost 27 men. Colonel Hoke was wounded and Lieutenant Colonel Armfield took command.
Adjutant Miles Cowles was mortally wounded. Captain Flowers and Lieutenant Harrington of Company G and were severely wounded. Color Bearer John Waters was also severely wounded but remained with the regiment and continued to carry the colors to the end of the battle. Lieutenants Darden of Company D and Covington of Company E were killed, and Lieutenants Dan F. Eoseman of Company F and Angus Shaw of Company H were severely wounded.
Lieutenant Colonel Armfield was sick, and Major Andrews took command.
|July 27||A.P. Hill’s Division was transferred to Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia and marched for Gordonsville.|
Battle of Cedar Mountain
Major Andrews was sick, and Captain Ashford commanded the regiment.
Major Andrews resigned due to illness and Captain Ashford was promoted to major.
The regiment lost 2 men killed and 22 wounded. Major Ashford was wounded in the leg, and Captain McLaughlin of Company K took comand. Lieutenant W.A. Stephenson of Company G was killed and Lieutenant Duncan Black was wounded.
Ox Hill (Chantilly)
Bivouacked at Big Spring
Crossed the Potomac into Maryland near Leesburg
Recrossed the Potomac into Virginia at Williamsport and forced Federal General White to retreat to Harpers Ferry.
Captain Armstrong of Company A and Lieutenant Smith of Company K were wounded.
The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Robert F. Armfield.
From the War Department marker for Pender’s Brigade (currently missing):
Pender’s Brigade left Harpers Ferry at 7:30 A.M. of September 17, crossed the Potomac by Blackford’s Ford and reached this road about 3 P.M. It was placed in position near this point to guard the approaches to the battlefield from the lower Antietam. It was exposed to the long range Infantry and Artillery fire of the enemy but was not otherwise actively engaged.
Late in the day it was moved to the left, and on the morning of the 18th, took position on the left of Branch’s Brigade, where it remained until it was withdrawn to recross the Potomac.
Lieutenant Colonel Armfield was badly wounded, having just returned from his previous wound. Captain John Ashford took command of the regiment as senior officer.
The regiment lost 14 men wounded.
The regiment went into winter quarters at Camp Gregg and picketed the area around Moss Creek Church.
Colonel Hoke rejoined the regiment from convalescent leave.
Lieutenant Colonel Armfield resigned while at his home recovering from his Shepherdstown wound.
Left camp to march for Fredericksburg.
The regiment lost 20 men killed, 77 wounded, and 11 missing.
Assigned to Scales’ Brigade, Pender’s-Wilcox’s Division in the newly created Third Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
The regiment brought 216 men to the field and lost over 40% casualties, most of whom on July 1. Every man from Company A was wounded of killed.
The 38th North Carolina was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel William J. Hoke. He and Lieutenant Colonel John Ashford were wounded on July 1. Captain William L. Thornburg was also wounded but remained on the field and took command of the regiment until he was wounded in Pickett’s Charge on July 3. 1st Lieutenant John M. Robinson then took over as senior surviving officer.
From the monument to Scales’ Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:
July 1. Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 P. M. relieving Heth’s line and advancing with left flank on Chambersburg Pike took part in the struggle until it ended. When the Union forces made their final stand on Seminary Ridge the Brigade charged and aided in dislodging them but suffered heavy losses. Gen. A. M. Scales was wounded and all the field officers but one were killed or wounded.
July 2. In position near here with skirmishers out in front and on flank.
July 3. In Longstreet’s assault the Brigade supported the right wing of Pettigrew’s Division. With few officers to lead them the men advanced in good order through a storm of shot and shell and when the front line neared the Union works they pushed forward to aid it in the final struggle and were among the last to retire.
July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.
Mine Run Campaign
Battle of North Anna
|June 18||Colonel Hoke resigned due to disability from his Gettysburg wound. Lieutenant Colonel John Ashford was promoted to colonel.|
The regiment surrendered 21 officers and 110 enlisted men.
The field officers were Colonels William J. Hoke and John Ashford, Lieutenant Colonels Robert F. Armfield, Oliver H. Dockery, and George W. Flowers; and Majors George W. Sharpe, Lorenzo D. Andrews, M.M. McLauchlin, and John T. Wilson.