Confederate Regiments & Batteries * South Carolina

July The 14th South Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized at Aiken under Colonel James Jones.

Company A  – “Lynch’s Creek Guards” – Darlington District
Company B – “Dearing Guards” – Edgefield District – Captain Pinckney A. West
Company C  – “Raiborn Company” – Laurens District
Company D – “Edgefield Rifles” – Edgefield District – Captain Cicero Adams
Company E  – “Enoree Mosquitoes” – Laurens District
Company F  – “Carolina Bees” – Laurens District
Company G – “McGowan Greys” – Abbeville District
Company H – “Ryan’s Guards” – Barnwell District
Company I – “McCalla’s Rifles” – Abbeville District
Company K – “Meeting Street Saludas” – Edgefield District – Captain D.C. Tompkins

September 9 William D. Simpson was appointed major
October Moved to the South Carolina coast near Pocatligo
January 1 Under fire from Federal gunboats
April Ordered to Virginia
April 11 Colonel Jones resigned. Samuel McGowan, who had served on the staff of Brigadier General Milledge Bonham, was appointed as colonel. Major Simpson was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain William I. Carter of Company A was promoted to major
May 27 Assigned to Maxcy Gregg’s South Carolina Brigade of A.P. Hill’s Division.
June 27
Battle of Gaines’ Mill

The regiment lost 42% of the approximately 500 men engaged. Colonel McGowen was bruised in the side by canister and Major Carter and Captains Joseph N. Brown and Edward Croft were also wounded.

June 30
Frayser’s Farm

Commanded by Colonel Samuel McGowen

July 29 Assigned to Gregg’s Brigade of A.P. Hill’s Division in Jackson’s Command
August 29-30
Second Battle of Manassas

The regiment lost 8 killed and 57 wounded. Colonel McGowen was wounded in the thigh, and Lt. Colonel W.D. Simpson was also wounded.

September 1
Battle of Ox Hill (Chantilly)

Captain Pinckney A. West of Company B was wounded.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel William D. Simpson.

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:

Gregg’s Brigade formed line about 3 P.M. in the fields southwest of this and advanced into the southwest corner of the 40 acre cornfield, about 100 yards east of this point, where it encountered and repulsed the advance of the extreme left of the Ninth Corps. An effort to pursue into the field beyond was checked, and the Brigade fell back to the line now marked by this road, where it remained until the early morning of the 19th, when it retired to Blackford’s Ford and was the last Infantry Brigade of the Confederate Army to recross the Potomac.

September 20
Battle of Shepherdstown

Lost 10 killed and 45 wounded

Fall Lieutenant Colonel Simpson resigned to take his seat in the Confederate Congress.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

General Gregg was mortally wounded. Colonel McGowen took over the brigade, with Lieutenant  Colonel Abner Perrin taking command of the regiment.

January 17 Colonel McGowan was promoted to brigadier general and Lieutenant Colonel Abner Perrin was promoted to colonel.
February 20 Major Carter resigned due to chronic disease and Captain Joseph N. Brown of Company E was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
February 24 Captain Edward Croft of Company H was promoted to major.
May 5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Abner Perrin, and lost 145 men. General McGowan was wounded in the thigh, and Colonel Perrin took command of the brigade while Lieutenant Colonel J.N. Brown took command of the regiment.

July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

Lieutenant Colonel Joseph N. Bown was still in command of the 14th South Carolina Infantry Regiment while Colonel Perrin commanded the brigade. The regiment lost 209 men of 408 engaged, most of them in the last attack on Seminary ridge on July 1. Lt. Colonel Brown and Major Edward Croft were wounded. Out of the 39 men of Company K, 34 were shot down in front of the seminary.

From the monument to Perrin’s Brigade on the Gettysburg Battlefield:

July 1. Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 P. M. with its left in Reynolds Woods and advancing relieved Heth’s line. Took a prominent part in the struggle by which the Union forces were dislodged from Seminary Ridge and pursuing them into town captured many prisoners. The Rifle Regiment was on duty as train guard and not in the battle of this day.

July 2. Supported artillery south of Fairfield Road. At 6 P. M. advanced a battalion of Sharpshooters which skirmished with Union outposts until dark. At 10 P. M. took position on Ramseur’s right in the Long Lane leading from the town to the Bliss House and Barn.

July 3. In the same position and constantly engaged in skirmishing.

July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.

July 14
Falling Waters
September 17 Lieutenant Colonel Joseph N. Brown was promoted to colonel.
October 9-22
Bristoe Campaign
November – December
Mine Run
May 5-7
Battle of The WIlderness

The regiment lost 85 men.

May 8-20
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 72 men. Colonel Joseph N. Brown took command of the brigade as senior colonel after Brigadier General Samual McGowan was wounded on May 12. Captain J.H. Boatwright took command of the regiment.

From the monument to McGowan’s South Carolina Brigade at the Bloody Angle:

The Bloody Angle
In the rainy gloom of May 12, 1864, Brigadier General Samuel McGowan’s brigade of South Carolinians battled their way into the disputed earthworks here, near the apex of the Muleshoe Salient. For eighteen hours the 1,300 South Carolinians defended these works against relentless attacks by thousands of Federals, sometimes engaging in hand-to-hand fighting. By battle’s end, 451 men of the brigade were killed, wounded, or missing. The slight angle in the works they defended would forever be known as the Bloody Angle.

May 23-26
North Anna

Colonel Joseph N. Brown was captured while in command of the brigade.

May 23
Jericho Ford
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 4 Brigadier General James Conner took temporary command of the brigade.
July 28
Deep Bottom

Lieutenant Colonel Edward Croft was in command of the regiment, then Major H.H. Harper. The regiment lost 24 men.

August 3 Colonel Brown was exchanged.
August 16
Fussell’s Mill (Strawberry Plains)
Siege of Petersburg
September 30
Jones Farm (Squirrel Level Road)

The regiment lost 35 men at Poplar Spring Church

October 1
Pegram’s Farm
March 31 Gravelly Run
April 1
Five Forks

Commanded by Major E.D. Brailsford

April 2
Dinwiddie Courthouse

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Joseph N. Brown

April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 14th South Carolina Infantry Regiment surrendered 18 officers and 246 men, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Edward Croft.