Confederate Regiments & BatteriesSouth Carolina


“Gregg’s First South Carolina”

1861
January 3 Mustered in at Columbia to state service under Colonel Maxcy Gregg.

Company A, Richland (or Columbia) Rifles, Captain D.B. Miller
Company B, Darlington Guards, Captain D.G. McIntosh
Company C, Edgefield Rifles, Captain H.R. Dean
Company D, Abbeville Volunteers, Captain J.M. Perrin
Company E, Union District Volunteers, Captain J.M. Gadberry
Company F, Wee Nee Volunteers, Captain J.G. Pressley
Company G, Hamburg Volunteers, Captain W. Spires
Company H, Cherokee Pond Guards, Captain R. Merriwether
Company I, Fairfield Volunteers/Monticello Guards, Captain J.B. Davis
Company K, Marion Volunteers, Captain W.P. Shooter
Company L, Rhett Guards, Captain W. Walker
Company M, Richardson Guards, Captain C.H. Axson
Company N, DeKalb Rifle Guards, Captain T.L. Boykin
Company O, Saluda Guards, Captain W.M. Gibbes

February 18 Daniel H. Hamilton was appointed lieutenant colonel and Augustus M. Smith was appointed major.
April 12-13
Bombardment of Fort Sumter

The regiment was stationed at the rear of Lighthouse Hills and Lighthouse Inlet on the southern end of Morris Island.

April 22 Mustered in to Confederate service for six months.
May 24 Moved to Manssas Junction, Virginia and assigned to Bonham’s First Brigade.
July 3-4 Moved to Richmond by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad and the Virginia Central Railroad.
July 9 Disbanded at Richmond and mustered out.

Reorganization

1861
August Organized in Richmond, mostly from men from the 1st South Carolina Volunteer Infantry (six months service) under Colonel Maxcy Gregg, Lieutenant Colonel Daniel H. Hamilton and Major Augustus M. Smith. Assigned to Gregg’s Brigade.

Company A, Gregg Guards, Captain C.W. McCreary
Company B, Rhett Guards, Captain W. Walker
Company C, Richland Rifles, Captain J. Cordero
Company D, Pee Dee Rifles, Captain D.G. McIntosh
Company E, Marion Rifles, Captain W.P. Shooter
Company F, Horry Rebels, Captain T.P. Alston
Company G, Butler Sentinels, Captain A.P. Butler
Company H, Haskell’s Rifle Corps, Captain W.T. Haskell
Company I, Richardson Guards, Captain C.L. Boag
Company K, Irish Volunteers, Captain E.E. McCrady, Jr.
Company L, Carolina Light Infantry, Captain C.D. Barksdale
Company M, Furnam Guards, Captain W.H. Campbell

December 14 Colonel Gregg was promoted to brigadier general and given command of a brigade that included the 1st South Carolina. Lt. Colonel Hamilton was promoted to colonel, Major Smith to lieutenant colonel and Captain Edward McCrady, Jr. of Company K was promoted to major.
1862
March Company D under Captain David G. McIntosh was converted to artillery as the Pee Dee Artillery Battery.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles

The regiment lost 20 killed and 133 wounded during the Seven Days

June 27
Battle of Gaines’ Mill

Lieutenant Colonel Smith was killed. Major McCrady was promoted to lieutenant colonel.

June 30
Frayser’s Farm
July 1 Captain McCrady promoted to major. Captain Comillus W. McCreary promoted to major.
July 12 Major Duncan was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
August 29-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regiment lost 53% of the 233 men engaged. Lieutenant Colonel McCrady suffered a severe head wound.

September 1 Ox Hill (Chantilly)
Battle of South Mountain
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment lost 4 killed and 30 wounded

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:

Gregg’s Brigade formed line about 3 P.M. in the fields southwest of this and advanced into the southwest corner of the 40 acre cornfield, about 100 yards east of this point, where it encountered and repulsed the advance of the extreme left of the Ninth Corps. An effort to pursue into the field beyond was checked, and the Brigade fell back to the line now marked by this road, where it remained until the early morning of the 19th, when it retired to Blackford’s Ford and was the last Infantry Brigade of the Confederate Army to recross the Potomac.

September 20 Battle of Shepherdstown
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 73 men

1863
January Lieutenant Colonel McCrady was injured by a falling tree and disabled for further service
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 104 men. General McGowan was wounded, and Colonel Perrin took command of the brigde

July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment lost 34% of the 328 men engaged

From the monument to Perrin’s Brigade on the Gettysburg Battlefield:

July 1. Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 P. M. with its left in Reynolds Woods and advancing relieved Heth’s line. Took a prominent part in the struggle by which the Union forces were dislodged from Seminary Ridge and pursuing them into town captured many prisoners. The Rifle Regiment was on duty as train guard and not in the battle of this day.

July 2. Supported artillery south of Fairfield Road. At 6 P. M. advanced a battalion of Sharpshooters which skirmished with Union outposts until dark. At 10 P. M. took position on Ramseur’s right in the Long Lane leading from the town to the Bliss House and Barn.

July 3. In the same position and constantly engaged in skirmishing.

July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.

Present about 1600 Killed 100 Wounded 477 Total 577

July 14
Falling Waters
August 27 Colonel Hamilton resigned his commission when Colonel Perrin was promoted over his head to brigadier general, and was permanently detached from the regiment to serve as an enrolling officer.
October 9-22
Bristoe Campaign
November – December
Mine Run Campaign
1864
January 4 Lieutenant Colonel McCrady resigned due to disability. Major McCreary was promoted to colonel, Captain Washington P. Shooter was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Thomas P. Alston to major.
May 5-6
Battle of The WIlderness

The regiment lost 16 killed, 114 wounded and 7 missing. Major Alston was wounded.

May 8-21
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 19 killed, 51 wounded and 9 missing.

May 10 Colonel McCreary was wounded.
May 12
The Bloody Angle

Lieutenant Colonel Shooter was killed.

From the monument to McGowan’s South Carolina Brigade at the Bloody Angle:

“The Bloody Angle”

In the rainy gloom of May 12, 1864, Brigadier General Samuel McGowan’s brigade of South Carolinians battled their way into the disputed earthworks here, near the apex of the Muleshoe Salient. For eighteen hours the 1,300 South Carolinians defended these works against relentless attacks by thousands of Federals, sometimes engaging in hand-to-hand fighting. By battle’s end, 451 men of the brigade were killed, wounded, or missing. The slight angle in the works they defended would forever be known as the Bloody Angle.

May 14 Major Alston was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Andrew P. Butler of Company G to major.
May 23-26 North Anna
May 23
Jericho Ford

Lieutenant Colonel Alston was mortally wounded. He would die on June 19.

June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June Siege of Petersburg begins
June 19 Major Butler was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Edward D. Brailsford of Company I to major
September 20 Lieutenant Colonel Butler detailed to military court duties
September 30
Squirrel Level Road – Jones Farm

Colonel McCreary was wounded.

October 1 Pegram’s Farm
October 10
Pegram House

Colonel McCreary was wounded again.

1865
March 31
White Oak Road

Colonel McCreary was killed

April 1
Battle of Five Forks
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 1st South Carolina Infantry Regiment surrendered 18 officers and 101 men.