“Gregg’s First South Carolina”
|January 3||Mustered in at Columbia to state service under Colonel Maxcy Gregg, Lieutenant Volonel Gladden and Major Daniel H. Hamilton.
Company A, Richland (or Columbia) Rifles, Captain D.B. Miller
|February 18||Lieutenant Colonel Gladden resigned his commission. Major Daniel H. Hamilton was appointed lieutenant colonel and Augustus M. Smith was appointed major.|
Bombardment of Fort Sumter
The regiment was stationed at the rear of Lighthouse Hills and Lighthouse Inlet on the southern end of Morris Island.
|April 22||Mustered in to Confederate service for six months.|
|May 24||Moved to Manssas Junction, Virginia and assigned to Bonham’s First Brigade.|
|July 3-4||Moved to Richmond by the Orange & Alexandria Railroad and the Virginia Central Railroad.|
|July 9||Disbanded at Richmond and mustered out.|
|August||Organized in Richmond, mostly from men from the 1st South Carolina Volunteer Infantry (six months service) under Colonel Maxcy Gregg, Lieutenant Colonel Daniel H. Hamilton and Major Augustus M. Smith. Assigned to Gregg’s Brigade.
Company A, Gregg Guards, Captain C.W. McCreary
|December 14||Colonel Gregg was promoted to brigadier general and given command of a brigade that included the 1st South Carolina. Lt. Colonel Hamilton was promoted to colonel, Major Smith to lieutenant colonel and Captain Edward McCrady, Jr. of Company K was promoted to major.|
|March||Company D under Captain David G. McIntosh was converted to artillery as the Pee Dee Artillery Battery.|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
The regiment lost 20 killed and 133 wounded during the Seven Days
Battle of Gaines’ Mill
Lieutenant Colonel Smith was killed. Captain Comillus W. McCreary promoted to major.
|July 1||Major McCrady was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
The regiment lost 53% of the 233 men engaged. Lieutenant Colonel McCrady commanded the regiment until he suffered a severe head wound.
Ox Hill (Chantilly)
|September 9||Colonel Hamilton rejoined the regiment and resumed command.|
The regiment was under the command of Colonel Hamilton. It lost 4 men killed and 30 wounded
Gregg’s Brigade formed line about 3 P.M. in the fields southwest of this and advanced into the southwest corner of the 40 acre cornfield, about 100 yards east of this point, where it encountered and repulsed the advance of the extreme left of the Ninth Corps. An effort to pursue into the field beyond was checked, and the Brigade fell back to the line now marked by this road, where it remained until the early morning of the 19th, when it retired to Blackford’s Ford and was the last Infantry Brigade of the Confederate Army to recross the Potomac.
Battle of Shepherdstown
The regiment lost 73 men.
|January||Lieutenant Colonel McCrady was injured by a falling tree and disabled for further service|
The regiment lost 104 men. General McGowan was wounded, and Colonel Perrin took command of the brigde
The regiment lost 34% of the 328 men engaged
July 1. Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 P. M. with its left in Reynolds Woods and advancing relieved Heth’s line. Took a prominent part in the struggle by which the Union forces were dislodged from Seminary Ridge and pursuing them into town captured many prisoners. The Rifle Regiment was on duty as train guard and not in the battle of this day.
July 2. Supported artillery south of Fairfield Road. At 6 P. M. advanced a battalion of Sharpshooters which skirmished with Union outposts until dark. At 10 P. M. took position on Ramseur’s right in the Long Lane leading from the town to the Bliss House and Barn.
July 3. In the same position and constantly engaged in skirmishing.
July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.
Present about 1600 Killed 100 Wounded 477 Total 577
|August 27||Colonel Hamilton resigned his commission after Colonel Perrin was promoted over his head to brigadier general, and was permanently detached from the regiment to serve as an enrolling officer.|
|November – December||
Mine Run Campaign
|January 4||Lieutenant Colonel McCrady resigned due to disability. Major McCreary was promoted to colonel, Captain Washington P. Shooter was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Thomas P. Alston to major.|
The regiment lost 16 killed, 114 wounded and 7 missing. Major Alston was wounded.
The regiment lost 19 killed, 51 wounded and 9 missing.
|May 10||Colonel McCreary was wounded.|
The Bloody Angle
Lieutenant Colonel Shooter was killed.
“The Bloody Angle”
In the rainy gloom of May 12, 1864, Brigadier General Samuel McGowan’s brigade of South Carolinians battled their way into the disputed earthworks here, near the apex of the Muleshoe Salient. For eighteen hours the 1,300 South Carolinians defended these works against relentless attacks by thousands of Federals, sometimes engaging in hand-to-hand fighting. By battle’s end, 451 men of the brigade were killed, wounded, or missing. The slight angle in the works they defended would forever be known as the Bloody Angle.
|May 14||Major Alston was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Andrew P. Butler of Company G to major.|
|May 23-26||North Anna|
Lieutenant Colonel Alston was mortally wounded. He would die on June 19.
|June||Siege of Petersburg begins|
|June 19||Major Butler was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Edward D. Brailsford of Company I to major|
|September 20||Lieutenant Colonel Butler detailed to military court duties|
Squirrel Level Road – Jones Farm
Colonel McCreary was wounded.
|October 1||Pegram’s Farm|
Colonel McCreary was wounded again.
White Oak Road
Colonel McCreary was killed
The 1st South Carolina Infantry Regiment surrendered 18 officers and 101 men.