|June 12||The combined arms Hampton Legion was organized for one years service with six companies of infantry as well as two companies of cavalry and a company of artillery under the command of Colonel Wade Hampton, Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Johnson and Major J.B. Griffin. The three components would never operate together. The legion was mustered in at Camp Hampton on the Hampton estate outside Columbia.
The six infantry companies were:
Company A: Washington Light Infantry Volunteers (Charleston), Captain James Conner
|June 26||Left for Richmond.|
|July 4||Arrived in Richmond at Camp Manning.|
|July 19||Left for Manassas but took until July 21 to arrive as the engine needed repair.|
The legion took part in the fight in Henry House Hill and took part in the capture of Rickett’s Battery. It lost 121 men of the 600 on the field. Colonel Hampton was wounded in the face and Lieutenant Colonel Johnson was killed. Major J.B. Griffin took command of the Legion, and was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
|July 25||Assigned to 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|August 19||The Claremont Rifles (Statesburg) transferred in as Company G under the command of Captain James G. Spann|
|August 22||The German Volunteers (Charleston) transferred in as Company H|
|October||Assigned to Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia. Lieutenant Colonel Griffin was struck by lightning and injured.|
|January-March||Assigned to Hampton’s Brigade, Whiting’s Command, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia|
|March-June||Assigned to Hampton’s Brigade, Whiting’s-Smith’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia|
Siege of Yorktown
|April||The Legion was reorganized at Yorktown for the duration of rhe war with 658 officers and enlisted men. The cavalry companies were combined with the 4th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion and formed the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry Regiment. The artillery became an independent artillery battery, Hart’s Battery, that converted to horse artillery. The infantry retained its designation as the Hampton Legion. Lieutenant Colonel Griffin was dropped and Captain Gary was elected lieutenant colonel.|
Batte of Seven Pines
The battalion had 350 men on the field, losing 45 men killed and 285 wounded. Colonel Hampton was wounded again, this time in the foot, and Captain T.M. Logan was wounded.
|June||Assigned to Texas Brigade, Whiting’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia. Captain James Conner was transferred to the 22nd North Carolina Infantry Regiment as its colonel.|
|June-July||Assigned to Texas Brigade, Whiting’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia. Colonel Hampton was promoted to brigadier general. Captain Martin L. Gary was elected lieutenant colonel.|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
The battalion lost 20 men.
|July||Assigned to Texas Brigade, Whiting’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia|
|July 29||The South Carolina Zouave Volunteers transferred in as the second Company H under the command of Captain L.C. McCord|
|July-November||Assigned to Texas Brigade, Whiting’s-Hood’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
The battalion lost 74 men.
The battalion fielded 77 men, with more than half its strength having been reduced by “details for skirmishers, scouts, cooks, and men barefooted, unfit for duty.” It lost 3 officers and 3 enlisted men killed, 3 officers and 46 men wounded. Major J.H. Dingell was killed carrying the colors, along with three color bearers. Captain R.W. Tompkins was killed and Captain H.J. Smith was mortally wounded.
|November 11||Two companies, Company I, Captain D.L. Hall and Company K, Captain John H. Bowen, were transferred from the disbanded 4th South Carolina Infantry Battalion, bringing the battalion up to regimental strength. Lieutenant Colonel Gary was promoted to Colonel.|
|December-February||Assigned to Jenkins’s Brigade, D.R. Jones’s-Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia|
|February-April||Assigned to Jenkins’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia|
|April-May||Assigned to Jenkins’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, Department of Southern Virginia|
|May||Assigned to Jenkins’s Brigade, Department of Southern Virginia|
|May-June||Assigned to Jenkins’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina|
|July||Assigned to Jenkins’s Brigade, Department of Richmond. The regiment would guard Richmond during the Gettysburg campaign.|
|July-September||Assigned to Jenkins’s Brigade, Ransom’s Division, Department of Richmond|
|September-November||The regiment transferred to the west with Longstreet, assigned to Jenkins’s Brigade, Hood’s Division, Longstreet’s Corps, Army of Tennessee. It arrived too late for the Battle of Chickamauga.|
Battle of Wauhatchee
The regiment lost 85 men.
|November-March||Assigned to Jenkins’s Brigade, Hood’s-Field’s Division, Department of East Tennessee|
Siege of Knoxville
|March 18||Returned to the Eastern Theater. Mounted and equipped as mounted infantry with rifles and bayonets, generally fighting on foot.|
|May-June||Assigned to Cavalry, Department of Richmond|
|May 19||Colonel Gary was promoted to brigadier general. Thomas A. Logan took over as colonel.|
Assigned to Gary’s Brigade, Department of Richmond
|September 19||New Market Heights|
|September 30||Roper’s Farm|
|January-April||Assigned to Gary’s Brigade, F. Lee’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Nortern Virginia|
|February 15||Colonel Logan was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Robert B. Arnold took command of the regiment.|
|April 6||Sayler’s Creek|
The regiment surrendered 238 officers and men under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Arnold.