Confederate Regiments & BatteriesSouth Carolina


The Pee Dee Artillery was formed in March of 1862 and was surrendered at Durham Station in April of 1865.

1862
March Organized from Company D, 1st South Carolina Infantry Regiment (Provisional Army) under the command of Captain David G. McIntosh, a lawyer. The battery was equipped with four 3 inch ordnance rifles.
June Assigned to Artillery Battalion, A.P. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia
June-July Assigned to Artillery Battalion, A.P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles

The battery lost one man killed and two wounded. Captain McIntosh lost two horses shot from under him in one day.

June 26
Battle of Beaver Dam Creek
June 27
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
June 30
Battle of Frayser’s Farm
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill
July Assigned to J.R. Anderson’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
August Assigned to Artillery Battalion, A.P. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
September 12-15
Siege of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The battery was commanded by Captain McIntosh. It was equipped with four different types of guns: a 10 pounder Parrott rifle, a 3 inch Ordnance rifle, a Napoleon, and a 12 pounder howitzer. It lost one man killed and two wounded.

December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
March 2 Captain McIntosh was promoted to major and given command of a battalion in the artillery reserve. By the end of the war he would be a colonel and Chief of Artillery of the 2nd Corps.
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The battery was commanded by Captain Ervin B. Brunson.

May Assigned to Pegram’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

Sixty-five men were with the battery at Gettysburg, which was commanded by Lieutenant William E. Zimmerman. It was equipped with one 10 pounder Parrott Rifle and three 3 inch Ordnance Rifles. There is a marker for the Pee Dee Artillery on Seminary Ridge.

July Assigned to Pegram’s Battalion, Artillery, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
November
Bristoe Campaign
November-December
Mine Run Campaign
1864
April The battery mustered 2 officers and 66 men “present and fit for duty.”
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 23-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June – December After the fighting of May-June the battery was worn down and was considered to have insufficient men and horses to take the field. It was exchanged with a battery in the Charleston defences to refit. Assigned to Taliaferro’s Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
December Assigned to Anderson’s Brigade, Taliaferro’s Division, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
1865
January Assigned to Rhett’s Brigade, Taliaferro’s Division, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
February
Carolinas Campaign

Assigned to Rhett’s Brigade, Taliaferro’s Division, Hardee’s Corps

April Assigned to Manly’s Artillery Battalion, 1st Corps, Army of Tennessee
April 26
Durham Station

The Pee Dee Artillery was surrendered. Guidon bearer Private R.C. Nettles wrapped the battery’s flag around his body. It was not surrendered and was preserved by battery members until it was turned over to the State of South Carolina in 1905. It is currenty at the South Carolina Confederate Relic Room and Military Museum in Columbia.