Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia

Of the original 700 members of the 30th Virginia Volunteer Regiment 50 officers and 502 enlisted men were killed or wounded, 89 died of accidents or disease and 75 were captured. Including later recruits 1,500 men served in the 2nd Virginia Cavalry in the Civil War.

May 8 Organized at Lynchburg as the 30th Virginia Volunteer Regiment under the command of Colonel Richard C.W. Radford (West Point Class of 1845), Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Taylor Munford, and Major J.S. Langhorne. Recruited in Albemarle, Amherst, Appomattox, Bedford, Botetourt, Campbell and Franklin counties.


Company A – Clay Dragoons, Captain William R. Terry
Company B – Wise Troop, Captain John S. Langhorne
Company C – Boutetourt Dragoons, Captain Andrew L. Pitzer
Company D – Franklin Rangers, Captain Giles W.B. Hale
Company E – Amherst Mounted Rangers, Captain Thomas Whitehead
Company F – Bedford Southside Dragons, Captain James Wilson
Company G – Radford Rangers, Captain Edmund W. Radford
Company H – Appomattox Rangers, Captain Joel L. Flood
Company I – Campbell Rangers, Captain John D. Alexander
Company K – Albemarle Light Horse, Captain Eugene Davis

May 11 Company K moved to Manassas Junction, arriving in the evening.
May 22 Companies C & D moved to Milford Mills, on Broad Run near Manassas.
June 3 Companies A & B moved to Manassas Junction under Captain W.R. Terrry.
June Companies E,F,G,H & I moved to Milford Mills, on Broad Run near Manassas.
June 10 Companies A & B arrived at Milford Mills, on Broad Run near Manassas.
June 11-15 Companies A & B moved to Centreville.
June 15 Company K moved to Payne’s Store near Occoquan.
June 16 Company A and part of Company B under Captain Terry moved to Frying Pan Church in Fairfax County on a reconnaissance to the Potomac River.
June 17
Fairfax Court House

Company A and part of Company B continued their reconnaissance to Great Falls, then returned to Dranesville after destroying the railroad station and water tank in Vienna. In the evening they skirmished with Federal forces before returning to Centreville the next morning.

June 25 Companies C & D moved to Fairfax Court House under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Thomas T. Munford,
June 30 Companies E,F,G,H & I moved to Fairfax Court House under the command of Colonel Radford. Company A was at Frying Pan Church, Company B near Centreville, and Company K at Payne’s Store.
July 17

Companies A & I were at Frying Pan Church, Company B near Centreville, Companies C,E,G & H at Camp Radford near Fairfax Court House, Company D at Leesburg, Company F at Farr’s Crossroads, and COmpany K at Camp Scott near Occoquan.

Companies C, G & H withdrew to Mitchell’s Ford on Bull Run, arriving the next morning. Company B withdrew to Lewis’ Ford on Bull Run.

July 21
Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regiment mustered 676 men and its companies were distributed to several commands.
Companies A & I were assigned to the 7th Brigade near the Stone Bridge
Companies B & D to the 5th Brigade near the Lewis House
Companies C & G to the 1st Brigade behind Mitchell’s Ford on Bull Run
Company E to the 4th Brigade at Blackburn’s Ford
Company F to the 2nd Brigade at Union Mills Ford
Company H to the 3rd Brigade at McLean’s Ford
Company K to the Reserves at Camp Wigfall.

Lieutenant Colonel Munford pursued the retreating Union troops with three squadrons of cavalry, capturing ten rifled guns and many prisoners. The regiment lost 5 men killed and 4 wounded.

July 25 Companies A,C,D,G,H & I under Colonel Radford were assigned to the 1st Brigade, 1st Corps at Camp Vienna in Fairfax County.


Companies B,E,F & K under Lt. Colonel Munford were assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First Corps at Camp Blackford near Centreville.

October The regiment was redesignated the 2nd Virginia Cavalry Regiment.
October 4 Lafayette W. Meeks of Company H died at Fairfax Court House of typhoid fever. His grave can be seen in the field behind his father’s store at Appomattox Court House National Historic Park.
October 20 Hunters Mill
December 2-4 Annandale
December 20 Dranesville
February 7 Flint Hill
April 10 At Liberty Mills in Orange County
April 25 Colonel Radford was dropped in the army reorganization and Lieutenant Colonel Munford was elected colonel. Captain James W. Watts of Company A to lieutenant colonel, and Captain Cary Breckinridge of Company C to major.
May 14 Gaines’ Crossroads
June 2 Woodstock
June 8
Battle of Cross Keyes
June 9
Battle of Port Republic
August 17 Assigned to Robertson’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia
August 23 Warrenton (Sulfur Springs)
August 26 Bristoe Station
August 28
Groveton Heights

The regiment lost 46 of the 163 men engaged. Colonel Munford received two saber wounds.

August 30
Second Battle of Manassas
September 2 Leesburg
September 4 Poolesville
September 5 Monocacy Church
September 6 Colonel Munford took command of the brigade as senior colonel when Brigadier General Robertson was transferred to North Carolina. Lieutenant Colonel Richard H. Burks of the 12th Virginia Cavalry, formerly Adjutant of the 2nd Virginia Cavalry, transferred back to the regiment and took command.
September 10 Sugar Loaf
September 14 Burkittsville
September 15
Battle of Crampton’s Gap (South Mountain)
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

Covered the right flank of the army and the retreat to Boteler’s Ford.

From the marker for Munford’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

The 2nd and 12th Virginia Cavalry reached the field on September 16 and took position on the extreme right of the Army of Northern Virginia, to cover the lower crossing of the Antietam. The 7th Virginia took position, on the evening of the 16th, on the Hagerstown Pike, northwest of Sharpsburg. It joined the Brigade on the right on the 17th. The Brigade remained on the right until the close of the battle.

October Lieutenant Colonel Burks returned to the 12th Virginia Cavalry.
November Assigned to Fitzhugh Lee’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
December 27 Raid on Dumfries
February 25 Hartwood Church
March 17
Battle of Kelly’s Ford

Major Breckinridge was captured.

April 30-May 6
Chancellorsville Campaign
May Orange Court House
June-July Gettysburg Campaign
June 9
Battle of Brandy Station

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James W. Watts.

June 17
Battle of Aldie

Lieutenant Colonel Watts was wounded and disabled from further field sevice.

June 25 The regiment left Rector’s Crossroads a little after midnight with Stuart on his famous ride. Near Haymark they encountered the supply trains of Hancock’s Union Second Corps and attacked. But infantry were guarding the trains, and Stuart withdrew after a sharp fight. The brigade continued to Gainesville.
June 27 Rode to Fairfax Court House. Captured a sutler’s train with escort near Annandale. Crossed the Potomac at Rowser’s Ford during the night.
June 28 Reached Rockville, Maryland.
June 29

Rode through Brookesville and Sykesville, where the bridge was burned and the telegraph line destroyed. Continued to Westminster, Maryland, which was reached by late afternoon. Had a sharp fight with two companies of the first Delaware Cavalry. After midnight, the march continued to Union Mills.

June 30
Battle of Hanover

After an all-day battle rode north toward Carlisle, reaching Jefferson by dawn.

July 1

Rode through York and on to Carlisle. Threatened the town, which was shelled until after midnight. Left for Gettysburg well before dawn.

July 2 Rode through the day to reach Lee’s army at Gettysburg in the evening, taking up a position on the left flank.
July 3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment had 385 men present for the fight on the Rummel farm east of Gettysburg.

From the monument to F. Lee’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 3. The Battalion being on duty with Ewell’s Corps the Brigade brought only five regiments to this field where it arrived soon after midday and took position on the left of Hampton’s Brigade on the edge of the neighboring woods. It participated actively in the conflict which ensued.

July 6-16
July 8 Boonsboro
July 10 Funkstown
September 2 Oak Shade
September 9 The cavalry division was expanded to a corps. The regiment was assigned to Wickham’s Brigade, Fitzhugh Lee’s Division, Cavalry Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia.
September 14 Raccoon Ford
September 19-20 Shepherdstown
September 22 Jack’s Shop
October 10 Stevenburg
October 19 Buckland Mills
February 6-7 Operations on the Rapidan, Morton’s Ford
February 28 –
March 4
Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid, Defence of Richmond
March 1 Stanardsville
May 5-7
Battle of The Wilderness
May 7
Battle of Todd’s Tavern

Captain Graves was wounded.

May 8 Alsop’s Farm, Spotsylvania
May 9-24 Sheridan’s Expedition to the James
May 9-10 Beaver Dam Station
May 11
Yellow Tavern, Massaponax Court House

Colonel William Cheek was severly wounded.

May 11 Ground Squirrel Church
May 12 Meadow Bridge
May 8-21
Spotsylvania Court House
May 24 Fort Pocahontas
March 27-28 Haw’s Dhop
May 30 Mechanicsville
May 31-June 12
Cold Harbor
June 11-12
Trevillian Station
June 24
Nance’s Shop

Captain Graves was again wounded.

mid-August The regiment, with Fitzhugh Lee’s Division, was transferred to the Shenandoah Valley and assigned to Lieutenant General Jubal Early’s Army of the Valley.
August 16 Front Royal
August 18 Opequon Creek
August 19-21 Berryville
August 21 Major Breckinridge was wounded.
August 28 Leetown
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester

Fitzhugh Lee was badly wounded and Brigadier General Wickham took over command of the division. Colonel Thomas Munford took over the brigade as senior colonel.

September 21 Front Royal
September 29 Waynesborough
October 2 Bridgewater
October 5 Brigadier General Wickham resigned to take a seat in Congress.  
October 9
Battle of Tom’s Brook
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
November Colonel Munford was promoted to brigadier general but his rank was never confirmed by congress.
November 12 Newtown
November 22
Mount Jackson (Rude’s Hill)
December 7 Major Breckinridge was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain William F. Graves of Company F was promoted to major.
January The brigade’s men were disbanded to their homes to forage their mounts through the winter.
January 11 Beverly
mid-March Re-formed and moved to the Richmond area
April 1
Battle of Five Forks
April 3 Namozine Church
April 5 Amelia Court House
April 6-7
High Bridge

Helped destroy a Federal force attempting to burn the bridge over the Appomattox, taking almost 800 prisoners.

April 7 Farmville
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment cut through Union lines at Appomattox and escaped. Only 19 men surrendered.

April 11 Disbanded at Lynchburg