Confederate Regiments & BatteriesVirginia

May Formed for one year’s service by consolidating Montague’s and Goggin’s Infantry Battalions under the command of Colonel Benjamin S. Ewell and Lieutenant Colonel John B. Cary.
July-October Assigned to the Department of the Peninsula
September Companies G, H & I were converted to artillery. Company G became the Williamsburg Artillery, Company H became the James City Battery.
October Assigned to B.S. Ewell’s Brigade, Department of the Peninsula.
January-April 2 Companies assigned to Rains’s Division, Department of the Peninsula
2 Companies assigned to McLaws’s Division, Department of the Peninsula
Siege of Yorktown

One company assigned to B.S. Ewell’s Command, Magruder’s Commans, Department of the Peninsula.

May Assigned to Pryor’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Department of Northern Virginia.
May 5
Battle of Williamsburg


May 13 The regiment reorganized with only 7 companies, three companies having been accepted to serve as artillery. Colonel Benjamin S Ewell left to join General Johnston’s staff and Lieutenant Colonel Cary was dropped. Edgar B. Montague (V.M.I. Class of 1853) was elected colonel and Captain Willis of the Wythe Rifles (Company A) was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel.
June-July Assigned to Semmes’s Brigade, McLaws’s Division, Magruder’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
June 25- July 1
Seven Days Battles

Lieutenant Colonel Willis commanded the regimet while Colonel Montague was stricken with typhoid.

July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill

The regiment lost 2 men killed and 4 wounded.

July Assigned to Semmes’s Brigade, McLaws’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia. Colonel Montague returned from sick leave.
July-November Assigned to Semmes’s Brigade, McLaws’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
August 28 – 30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
Maryland Campaign.
September 13 Ordered in the evening to proceed with the 15th Virginia Infantry Regiment and two pieces of Manly’s battery to the top of South Mountain at Crampton’s Gap to watch for and report any advance of the enemy in that direction.
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

From Colonel Montague’s Official Report on the 32nd Virginia at Crampton’s Gap in the Battle of South Mountain:

On the morning of the 14th I received a message from Major-General Stuart to the effect that the enemy were advancing in great force, and that I must defend the pass at all hazards, calling for re-enforcements if necessary, should the enemy select in as his point of attack, which, however, he thought doubtful.

At 9 or 10 o’clock the enemy’s advance came in sight from the direction of Jefferson, seemingly in great force. At about 11 o’clock they masked most of their force under a hill and wood about 3 miles, and advanced two brigades by the left flank into a field opposite our position. Meantime I had sent to General Semmes for re-enforcements, and he promptly ordered up the Fifty-third Georgia Regiment and three pieces of artillery (rifled), under the command of Captain Macon, two of his own guns, and one of Captain Magruder’s.

I stationed a picket of about 200 men at the foot of the mountain, near Burkittsville, and a line of skirmishers along my whole front, connecting with Colonel Munford’s, on my left. Shortly afterward the enemy threw out a large advance of skirmishers, who steadily advanced toward the base of the mountain, supported by a brigade of infantry, the other brigade remaining at a halt. I ordered Captain Manly to open upon them with his 3-inch rifled gun, which he did so effectually as to check the advance of the skirmishers and cause the advancing brigade to fall back on its reserve, beyond our range.

At about 3 or 4 o’clock, after withdrawing his skirmishers, he moved by the right flank, leaving Burkittsville on his left, formed three strong parallel lines of battle, and started the whole in advance, still leaving an immense force in reserve, and moved with great celerity and perfect order against Crampton’s Gap. I was in a position to see every move that was made, and saw at once that, by moving my artillery to the left a few hundred yards, I could bring the advancing host within easy range. This was done, and Macon’s, Manly’s, and Magruder’s guns were played upon the enemy with great effect, time and again their ranks being broken by their deliberate and well-directed fire, the enemy’s guns not being able to reach us on account of our elevated position. Captain Macon, the senior artillery officer, managed his guns most handsomely, and he and his juniors are entitled to all the credit of the occasion, if any is due. I was more of a spectator than participant in the action. My infantry force was not engaged, though they were ready and anxious to take part in the conflict.

Our guns continued to play on the enemy until dark, long after our forces at Crampton’s Gap had been driven from their position. At least three hundred guns were fired during the evening. At least eight brigades of the enemy were engaged in this fight, and many more were coming up when night closed the scene. I withdrew after dark, by order, and joined the balance of our force on the road just above Brownsville.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)  

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Edgar B. Montague and brought 158 men to the field. It lost 15 men killed, 57 wounded and 8 missing.

From the War Department marker for Semmes’ Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Semmes Brigade reached the western suburbs of Sharpsburg at sunrise of the 17th and halted until nearly 9 A.M., when it advanced across the fields, in support of Stuart’s Cavalry, north and west of Hauser’s house. In the general advance of McLaws’ Division it was on the left of the line, and encountered the enemy in the northern part of the West Woods, forcing them to retire beyond the Nicodemus house.

Near this point its advance was checked by the Federal Artillery east of the Hagerstown Road. After severe losses it was withdrawn and placed as a reserve to Barksdale’s Brigade, in the western edge of the West Woods, where it remained until the night of the 18th when it recrossed the Potomac.

From Colonel Montague’s Official Report on the 32nd Virginia in the Battle of Antietam:

Having crossed the Potomac soon after daylight, we were moved rapidly toward the scene of conflict and ordered into action on the left. This regiment, which was on the right of the brigade, formed its line of battle under fire, and advanced steadily across an open field on the enemy, in strong force and position. The advance was continued with great coolness and celerity, and under a murderous fire of grape and musketry, until, under direction of the Brigadier-general commanding, I halted my command under cover of a slight hill, which to some degree protected us from the galling fire of the enemy. Here the conflict, at comparatively close quarters, was for a while most severe, and my command suffered heavily, as the enemy had an enfilading fire on our right, besides his heavy fire on our front.

In a short time, however, his center (with reference to us) gave way, and the regiment again advanced in pursuit, driving him through a skirt of woods and on open field until he succeeded, with his reserves, in forming a new line in a strong position behind a stone wall, with batteries raking us on our right and front. We advanced, however, within less than 150 yards of his line, where we were compelled to get under shelter of a barn [Poffenberger’s] and hay-stacks, ready to advance again when our flank should be supported.

Finding, however, after remaining in this position some twenty or thirty-minutes, that there was no support on our right, but, on the contrary, that the enemy was again enfilading us from that point, and that my command at this time was reduced to 60 or 80 men, nearly without ammunition, and that there was no supporting force even in sight, I reluctantly determined to withdraw to a less exposed position, which was accordingly done in tolerable order. I subsequently succeeded in gathering from other commands men enough to increase my force to about 150. With these I reported to Major Goggin, of General McLaws’ staff, who stationed us under a stone fence leading toward Sharpsburg, where we remained under a terrible fire of artillery until we were relieved late in the evening.

The regiment was engaged in the morning fight two and a half hours, and never did men or officers behave better under fire. Not a man gave back, nor do I think a single one got behind his company until the fight was over. Indeed, so general was the good conduct of all, that I can scarcely call attention to individuals without making unjust discriminations.

I attribute the good conduct of the regiment in a very great degree to the conspicuous coolness and bravery and admirable dispositions of Brigadier General Paul J. Semmes.

Owing to night marches, sore feet, &c., this command, which was at first quite small, was reduced to 158 men and officers when it entered the fight. Of these 15 were killed and 57 wounded. We captured 36 prisoners, of whom 1 was a lieutenant-colonel.

November 26 Transfered to Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
Suffolk Campaign

Pickett’s Division was transferred to the Department of Southern Virginia for Longstreet’s Suffolk Campaign. The 32nd Virginia Infantry was assigned as the Provost Guard at Petersburg.

April-May Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps, Department of Southern Virginia
May Returned to the 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia too late for the Chancellorsville campaign.
June-July Detached with Corse’s Brigade from Pickett’s Division to guard Hanover Junction north of Richmond and did not take part in the Gettysburg campaign.
September-October Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, Department of North Virginia
February-May Assigned to Hunton’s Brigade, Department of Richmond
February 1-3
Battle of New Berne, North Carolina
May 16
Battle of Drewry’s Bluff
May 21 Rejoined the Army of Northern Virginia. Assigned to Corse’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps
May 23-26
Battle of the North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg
September 29
Battle of Chaffin’s Farm
December Colonel Montague left the regiment on sick leave.
April 1
Battle of Five Forks

The regiment’s colors were captured by Sergeant Hiram H. De Lavie of Company I, 11th Pennsylvanis Infantry Regiment.

April 6
Battle of Saylers Creek
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 32nd Virginia Infantry Regiment surrendered 5 officers and 42 enlisted men.