|March||The Crenshaw (Virginia) Artillery was created in Richmond for three years or the duration of the war under the command of Captain William G. Crenshaw. It was equipped with two 10 pounder Parrott Rifles, two 12 pounder Howitzers, and two 6 pounder Smoothbores.|
|May 31-June 1||
Battle of Seven Pines
|June||Assigned to the Artillery Battalion, A. P. Hills Division, Army of Northern Virginia|
|June-July||A. P. Hills Division was attached to Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
Battle of Bever Dam Creek
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
Battle of Frayser’s Farm
Battle of Malvern Hill
|July||Assigned to J. R. Anderson’s Brigade, A. P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
|August-May||Assigned to the Artillery Battalion, A. P. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia|
Battle of Cedar Mountain
Battle of Chantilly
On the last day of the siege the battery, along with the Purcell Artillery, was advanced to within 500 yards of the Federal positions. After a furious twenty minute bombardment the Union forces surrendered. Captain Crenshaw was ordered to take charge of the 72 pieces of captured Federal artillery along with their horses and supplies. This task was barely done when Hill was ordered to march to Sharpsburg, where Lee was fighting a desperate battle.
The battery was commanded by Captain William Crenshaw. It was equipped with with one 10 pounder Parrott Rifle, one 12 pounder Howitzer, and two 6 pounder Smoothbores. It had reached the battlefield after a forced march in which the horses were not even allowed to water while crossing the Potomac. They immediately went into action, striking General Burnside’s flank and driving them back to Antietam Creek. Private Charles Pemberton was mortally wounded and Privates Edward Lynham and John Gray were wounded, along with three other men.
|September 18||Remained in line of battle under sharpshooter fire throughout the day, then withdrew across the Potomac to Virginia after nightfall.|
|May-July||Assigned to Pegram’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery in the newly created 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.|
The battery was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Captain William Crenshaw. It was equipped with two 2 pounder Napoleons and two 12 pounder Howitzers.
From the marker for the battery at Gettysburg on West Confederate Avenue:
July 1. The Napoleons occupied the ridge west of Herr’s Tavern and took an active part in the battle. The howitzers were not engaged.
July 2. Early in the morning all the guns took position here and were actively engaged throughout the day. Sometimes annoyed by sharpshooters which the howitzers aided in silencing.
July 3. Remained here and participated in all the operations of the artillery.
July 4. About sunset withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.
Losses not reported in detail.
|July||Assigned to Pegram’s Battalion, 3rd Corps Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.|
Battle of Bristoe Station
Mine Run Campaign
Battle of North Anna
Squirrel Level Road & Jones’s Farm
Squirrel Level Road