Confederate Regiments & BatteriesVirginia


March The Crenshaw (Virginia) Artillery was created in Richmond for three years or the duration of the war under the command of Captain William G. Crenshaw. It was equipped with two 10 pounder Parrott Rifles, two 12 pounder Howitzers, and two 6 pounder Smoothbores.
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines
June Assigned to the Artillery Battalion, A. P. Hills Division, Army of Northern Virginia
June-July A. P. Hills Division was attached to Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 26
Battle of Bever Dam Creek
June 27
Battle of Gaines’s Mill
June 30
Battle of Frayser’s Farm
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill
July Assigned to J. R. Anderson’s Brigade, A. P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
August-May Assigned to the Artillery Battalion, A. P. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 23
Warrenton Springs
August 28-30
Second Battle of Bull Run
September 1
Battle of Chantilly
September 15-17
Harpers Ferry

On the last day of the siege the battery, along with the Purcell Artillery, was advanced to within 500 yards of the Federal positions. After a furious twenty minute bombardment the Union forces surrendered. Captain Crenshaw was ordered to take charge of the 72 pieces of captured Federal artillery along with their horses and supplies. This task was barely done when Hill was ordered to march to Sharpsburg, where Lee was fighting a desperate battle.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The battery was commanded by Captain William Crenshaw. It was equipped with with one 10 pounder Parrott Rifle, one 12 pounder Howitzer, and two 6 pounder Smoothbores. It had reached the battlefield after a forced march in which the horses were not even allowed to water while crossing the Potomac. They immediately went into action, striking General Burnside’s flank and driving them back to Antietam Creek. Private Charles Pemberton was mortally wounded and Privates Edward Lynham and John Gray were wounded, along with three other men.

September 18 Remained in line of battle under sharpshooter fire throughout the day, then withdrew across the Potomac to Virginia after nightfall.
September 20
Battle of Shepherdstown Ford
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The battery was commanded by Lieutenant John H. Chamberlayne.

May-July Assigned to Pegram’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery in the newly created 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Captain William Crenshaw. It was equipped with two 2 pounder Napoleons and two 12 pounder Howitzers.

From the marker for the battery at Gettysburg on West Confederate Avenue:

July 1. The Napoleons occupied the ridge west of Herr’s Tavern and took an active part in the battle. The howitzers were not engaged.

July 2. Early in the morning all the guns took position here and were actively engaged throughout the day. Sometimes annoyed by sharpshooters which the howitzers aided in silencing.

July 3. Remained here and participated in all the operations of the artillery.

July 4. About sunset withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.

Losses not reported in detail.

July Assigned to Pegram’s Battalion, 3rd Corps Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.
Bristoe Campaign
October 14
Battle of Bristoe Station
November 9
Mine Run Campaign
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 9
Turkey Ridge
Siege of Petersburg

The battery was commanded by Captain Thomas Ellett.

June 29
Reams Station
July 30
Battle of the Crater
August 18
Archer’s Farm
August 21
Davis’s Farm
August 25
Second Battle of Reams Station
September 30
Squirrel Level Road & Jones’s Farm
October 1
Pegram’s Farm
October 8
Squirrel Level Road
October 27
Burgess’s Mill
February 5-7
Battle of Hatcher’s Run
March 25
Battle of Fort Stedman
April 1
Battle of Five Forks
April 2
Final Assault on Petersburg
April 8
Battle of Appomattox Station
April 9
Appomattox Court House