United States Regiments & Batteries > Indiana

The 27th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 10 officers and 159 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 131 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Antietam, a monument on the Chancellorsville battlefield and a monument on the Gettysburg battlefield.

September 12 Organized at Indianapolis, Ind., and mustered in under the command of Colonel Silas Colgrove
September 15 Left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to Stile’s 3rd Brigade, Banks’ Division, Army of the Potomac; Operations in District of the Upper Potomac and camp at Frederick City, Md.
March, 1862 Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps
March 3-9 Movement into the Shenandoah Valley, Va., and occupation of Winchester, Virginia
March 13 Smithfield
March 23-25 Advance toward Manassas
April, 1862 Attached to the Department of the Shenandoah
May 15-June 17 Pursuit of Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley and operations in the Shenandoah Valley
May 23 Buckton Station, Middletown and Front Royal
May 24 Newtown
May 25
Battle of Winchester
May 25-26 Retreat to Williamsport, Md.
June, 1862 Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia; Duty at Front Royal

The regiment’s Belgian rifles were replaced by Enfield rifles.

July 6 – August 6 At Little Washington
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 16 Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 28-30 Guard trains of the army during battle of Bull Run
September Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 6 Maryland Campaign
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment lost 41 killed and 168 wounded out of 443 men engaged during intense fighting in the Cornfield.

From the first War Department marker to Gordon’s Brigade in The Cornfield on the Antietam battlefield:

Gordon’s Brigade formed line at daybreak on the Hoffman farm and advanced in a southerly direction in support of Hooker’s Corps.

The 107th New York was detached to support Cothran’s Battery and the 13th New Jersey was held in reserve. The Brigade formed on either side of Ransom’s Battery on the high ground due east of D. R. Miller’s, where it repulsed an assault of Hood’s Division and its support and, moving south through the Cornfield, changed front to the right and took position behind the ridge parallel to the Hagerstown Pike, where it remained until it was relieved by the advance of Sedgwick’s Division and withdrawn to the East Woods.

From the second War Department marker to Gordon’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Immediately after the withdrawl of Gordon’s Brigade to the East Woods, after being relieved by Sedgwick’s Division, it was ordered to the support of that Division in the West Woods.

The 13th New Jersey and 2nd Massachusetts advanced into this road – the former north and the latter south of this point – where they encountered such a destructive fire from the enemy that they were compelled to retire to the East Woods. Later in the day, the 13th New Jersey advanced into the woods west of the Dunkard Church and took position on the right of Greene’s Division.

 From Colonel Cosgrove’s Official Report of the 27th Indiana in the battle of Antietam:

About sunrise in the morning I received orders to get my regiment under arms. I immediately formed my regiment in column by battalions closed in mass, right in front. The brigade was promptly moved to the front, the Second Massachusetts occupying the right, the Third Wisconsin second, my regiment third, the One hundred and seventh New York fourth, and the Thirteenth New Jersey the left or rear. In this position the brigade was moved forward, I should judge, a distance of two-thirds of a mile. At this point, as by this time the action had become general and severe on our left, under your direction, the brigade was moved immediately to the left. The Second Massachusetts, Third Wisconsin, and Twenty-seventh Indiana Regiments moved to a point designated by you, and formed their line of battle on a swell of ground immediately in front of a corn-field, in which the battle had been raging for some time. Our troops in the corn-field, a part of General Hooker’s division, had been badly cut up, and were slowly retreating. When we first gained our position, the corn-field, or nearly all of it, was occupied by the enemy. This field was on a low piece of ground, the corn very heavy and serving to some extent to screen the enemy from view, yet the colors and battle-flags of several regiments appearing above the corn clearly indicated the advance of the enemy in force. Immediately in front or beyond the corn-field, upon open ground at a distance of about 400 yards, were three regiments in line of battle and farther to the right, on a high ridge of ground, was still another regiment in line diagonally to our line. When we first took our position it was impossible to immediately open fire upon the enemy without firing into our own troops, who were retreating out of the corn-field. As soon as these troops had filed past my left, I immediately ordered my regiment to fire, which was done in good order. The firing was very heavy on both sides, and must have continued for more than two hours without any change of position on either side. It was very evident from the firing that the enemy was greatly superior in numbers at this point. The only force during this time at this place engaged was the three old regiments of your brigade. At one time during this part of the engagement the fire of the enemy was so terribly destructive it seemed that our little force would be entirely annihilated.

After the fight had raged for about two hours without any perceptible advantage to either side, some of our forces (I have never learned whose) came up on our left in a piece of woods on the left of the corn field, and opened an enfilanding fire upon the enemy. This fire and ours in their front soon proved too hard for them. They broke and fled, in utter confusion, into a piece of woods on the right. We were then ordered to fix bayonets and advance, which was promptly done. Advancing through the corn-field, we changed front to the right by throwing our left forward. We had advanced over the larger portion of the ground when we were ordered to halt. I soon discovered that General Summer’s corps had arrived and were fresh, not yet having been in the action, and the work of dislodging the enemy from the woods, designed for your shattered brigade, had been assigned to them.

At a later hour in the day my regiment and the Third Wisconsin were ordered to advance nearly over the same ground to the support of the Second Massachusetts, Thirteenth New Jersey, and One hundred and seventh New York who had been posted in or near the woods held by the rebels, to the rear of the corn-field. We promptly advanced nearly to the woods, but before we could get there our forces had been cut up and had fallen back. The two regiments held their position until the enemy had been driven back by a well-directed shower of grape and canister from one of our batteries, after which we took up a position in rear and in support of the batteries. The Twenty-seventh Regiment, as well as the balance of your brigade, was under arms from before sunrise until after dark, and although the main part of the fighting they were engaged in occurred in the fore part of the day, yet during the whole day they were frequently exposed to heavy fire from the enemy’s artillery. At night I was temporarily, by you, placed in command of the brigade, and the whole brigade marched to the front nearest the enemy in support of our batteries in front. Although our men had gone into the fight without breakfast and had fought all day, they performed this arduous duty at night, not only without grumbling but with cheerfulness.

I went into the fight with 443, rank and file. My loss in action was, in killed 17, in wounded, 192. Most of the wounds are slight, many, however, severe, and mortal. Quite a number of amputations have been necessary. Twelve deaths among the wounded have been reported to me. 

Official Records: Series 1, Vol 19, Part 1 (Antietam – Serial 27) , Pages 498 – 499

September 18 Moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va.; Picket duty from Harper’s Ferry to Opequan Creek and duty at Fairfax Station and Stafford Court House
December 12-16 March to Fredericksburg, Va.
January 20-24 Burnside’s 2nd Campaign, “Mud March”
January 25 At Stafford Court House
April 27 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29 Germania Ford
May 2-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

From the monument on Berry-Paxton Drive:

Held this position from 7p.m. May 2nd to 9 a.m. May 3rd, 1863.
Present for duty 300
Killed 36, Wounded 114

June 11 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Silas Cosgrove until he took command of the brigade on July 2nd. Lieutenant Colonel John R. Fesler then took over the regiment.

From the monument:

This monument marks the ground over which the left wing of the 27th Indiana advanced in a charge made by the regiment on the morning of July 3rd, 1863. Number engaged 339. Killed and wounded 110. Missing, one

Silas Colgrove Col. The 27th was organized in August 1861 for three years or during the war. Reenlisted Jan. 1864. Consolidated with the 70th Ind. Aug. 1864. Mustered out in July 1865

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee, to Manassas Gap, Va.
August 15 – September 5 On detached duty in New York during draft disturbances
September 24-October 3 Movement to Bridgeport, Ala. Transferred to Army of the Cumberland
October 4 Guarding Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad at Elkwater Bridge and Tullahoma, Tenn.
January 24 Regiment Veteranize at Tullahoma, Tenn.
April 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland
May 1 to September 8 Atlanta Campaign
May 8-11 Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge
May 14-15
Battle of Resaca

The regiment lost 68 casualties while capturing the colonel, colors and many of the men of the 38th Alabama Infantry Regiment

May 19 Near Cassville
May 25 New Hope Church
May 25 – June 5 Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and batties about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills
June 10 – July 2 Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain
June 11-14 Pine Hill
June 15-17 Lost Mountain
June 15 Gilgal or Golgotha Church
June 17 Muddy Creek
June 19 Noyes Creek
June 22
Kolb’s Farm (Peachtree Creek)

Colonel Colgrove was badly wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Fesler took command of the regiment.

June 27 Assault on Kenesaw
July 4 Ruff’s Station, Smyrna Camp Ground
July 5-17 Chattahoochie River
July 19-20 Peach Tree Creek
July 25 –
August 25
Siege of Atlanta
August 26 – September 2 Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge
September 2 – November 4 Occupation of Atlanta
November 4 Mustered out. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 70th Indiana Infantry.