United States Regiments & Batteries > Massachusetts

The 1st Massachusetts Light Artillery Battery lost 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 15 enlisted men to disease in the Civil War. It is honored with a monument at Gettysburg.

August 27 Organized at Camp Cameron under the command of Captain Josiah Porter.
October 3 Left State for Washington, D.C.; Attached to Franklin’s Division, Army of the Potomac and duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C.
March Attached to Artillery, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va.
April Assigned to Artillery, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
April 4-12 McDowell’s advance on Fredericksburg, Va.
April 23-May 4 Ordered via transports to the Peninsula, Va. Siege of Yorktown, Va.; attached to Artillery, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 7-8 West Point
June 12 Mechanicsville
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 26 Mechanicsville
June 27 Gaines Mill
June 28 Golding’s Farm and Fort Davidson
June 30 Charles City Cross Roads
July 1 Malvern Hill
July – August 16 At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-27 Retreat from the Peninsula and movement to Centreville
August 27-31 In works at Centreville
August 30 Assist in checking Pope’s rout at Bull Run
September 1 Cover retreat to Fairfax Court House
September-October Maryland Campaign
September 14 Crampton’s Gap, Md.
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The battery was not engaged.

September 17- October 29 At Downsville, Md.
October 29-
November 19
Movement to Falmouth, Va
December 11-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
January 20-24 Burnside’s Second Campaign, “Mud March”
February At White Oak Church
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2 Operations at Franklin’s Crossing
May 3 Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg
May 3-4
Salem Heights
June Assigned to Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
June 5-13 Franklin’s Crossing, Deep Run
July 2-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded at Gettysburg by Captain William H. McCartney. It brought 145 men to the field serving six 12-pounder Napoleons. The battery was held in reserve for most of the battle and fired only four rounds of solid shot at long range. It suffered no casualties.

July 5-25 Moved to Boonsboro, Williamsport, Berlin and Warrenton, Va.
Jul7 26 –
September 15
Camp at Warrenton
September 15 – October 5 At Stone House Mountain
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26-
December 2
Mine Run Campaign
Decmber – May Camp at Brandy Station
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 12 “Bloody Angle”
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 Line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 17-July 9 First Assault on Petersburg
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 9-12 Moved to Washington, D.C.
July 12 Repulse of Early’s attack on Washington
August-October Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign; attached to the Army of the Shenandoah

Commanded by Captain William H. McCartney

September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (Opequan)
September 22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill
October 2-12 Moved to Boston
October 19 Mustered out