United States Regiments & BatteriesMassachusetts * 2nd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment

The 2nd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment lost 14 officers and 176 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 96 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg, the first permanent regimental monument on the battlefield.

May 25 The 2nd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Andrew, West Rexbury, and mustered in under the command of Colonel George H. Gordon, Lieutenant Colonel George Leonard Andrews (first in his class, West Point Class of 1851) and Major Wilder Dwight.
July 8 Left Massachusetts for Hagerstown, Maryland.
July 11-12 Moved to Williamsport and Martinsburg. Virginia. Attached to Abercrombie’s Brigade, Patterson’s Army
July 19 Attached to Abercrombie’s Brigade, Banks’ Division, Department of the Shenandoah
August Attached to Gordon’s 2nd Brigade, Banks’ Division, Army of the Potomac; Duty at Harper’s Ferry
October 23-24 At Conrad’s Ferry
October 25 –
December 4
Picket duty at Seneca Mills
December 4 -February 27 Duty at Frederick, Maryland.
February 27-28 Reconnoissance to Charleston
March 12 Occupation of Winchester. Attached to 3rd Brigade, Williams’ 1st Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps
March 24-
April 27

Pursuit of Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley

March 27 Strasburg
April 1 Woodstock
April 1-2 Edenburg; Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Department of the Shenandoah
May 15-June 17

Operations in Shenandoah Valley

May 23 Buckton Station
May 23-June 6 Retreat to Martinsburg and Williamsport
May 24 Middletown and Newtown
May 25

Battle of Winchester

The regiment was in the rearguard May 24-25.

June Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia
May 26 – June 9 At Williamsport
June 10-18 Moved to Front Royal
June 13 Colonel Gordon was promoted to brigadier general, Lieutenant Colonel Andrews to colonel and Major Dwight to lieutenant colonel
July 11-17 To Warrenton and Little Washington
August 6-
September 2

Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 9

Battle of Cedar Mountain

August 19-23

Fords of the Rappahannock

August 28-30

Second Battle of Bull Run (Second Manassas)

Guarded supply and ammunition trains during the battle and was not engaged.

September Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

The regiment lost 12 men killed and 51 wounded, including Lieutenant Colonel Wilder Dwight, who was mortally wounded, and Captain Francis and Lieutenants Crowninshield and Mills, who were wounded. Captain Robert Gould Shaw was also lightly wounded in the neck, an incident that is shown in the movie, Glory. Collis’ Independent Pennsylvania Company of Zouaves d’Afrique was attached to the regiment for the battle.

From the first War Department marker to Gordon’s Brigade in The Cornfield on the Antietam battlefield:

Gordon’s Brigade formed line at daybreak on the Hoffman farm and advanced in a southerly direction in support of Hooker’s Corps.

The 107th New York was detached to support Cothran’s Battery and the 13th New Jersey was held in reserve. The Brigade formed on either side of Ransom’s Battery on the high ground due east of D. R. Miller’s, where it repulsed an assault of Hood’s Division and its support and, moving south through the Cornfield, changed front to the right and took position behind the ridge parallel to the Hagerstown Pike, where it remained until it was relieved by the advance of Sedgwick’s Division and withdrawn to the East Woods.

From the second War Department marker to Gordon’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Immediately after the withdrawal of Gordon’s Brigade to the East Woods, after being relieved by Sedgwick’s Division, it was ordered to the support of that Division in the West Woods.

The 13th New Jersey and 2nd Massachusetts advanced into this road – the former north and the latter south of this point – where they encountered such a destructive fire from the enemy that they were compelled to retire to the East Woods. Later in the day, the 13th New Jersey advanced into the woods west of the Dunkard Church and took position on the right of Greene’s Division.

< See the Official Report of Colonel Andrews for the 2nd Massachusetts at Antietam >
September 19-October 29

Duty at Maryland Heights

October – December Picket duty at Blackford’s Ford and Sharpsburg, Md.
November 10 Colonel Andrews was promoted to brigadier general.
December 12-16 March to Fredericksburg
January 20-24

“Mud March”

January – April

At Stafford Court House

Captain Robert Gould Shaw left the regiment to become colonel of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry (the subject of the film, Glory.)

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 29 Germania Ford
May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

June 9

Battle of Brandy Station

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Charles R. Mudge.

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The 2nd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Charles R. Mudge, who was killed leading the regiment in a desperate charge. He questioned the command but remarked, “it is murder, but it’s an order.”

Text from the monument near Spangler’s Spring at Gettysburg:

From the hill behind this monument on the morning of July 3, the Second Mass. Inf. made an assault upon the Confederate troops in the works at the base of Culps Hill opposite. The regiment carried to the charge 22 officers and 294 enlisted men. It lost 4 officers and 41 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 8 officers and 84 enlisted men wounded. To perpetuate the honored memories of that hour the survivors of the Regiment have raised this stone. 1879.

Lieut. Col. Charles R. Mudge, Captain Thomas B. Fox, Captain Thomas R. Robeson, Lieut. Henry V.D. Stone. Color bearers – Leavitt C. Durgin, Rupert J. Sadler, Stephen Cody. First Sergeant Alonzo J. Babcock, Sergeant William H. Blunt. Corporals Charles Burdett, Theodore S. Butters, Jeremiah S. Hall, Patrick Heoy, Ruel Whittier, Gordon S. Wilson. Privates Samuel T. Alton, George M. Baily, Henry C. Ball, Wallace Bascom, John Briggs, Jr., David B. Brown, William T. Bullard, James A. Chase, Peter Conlan, John Derr, James T. Edmunds, William H. Ela, John E. Farrington, Silas P. Foster, Willard Foster, Joseph Furber, Fritz Goetz, Daniel A Hatch, John J. Jewett, John Joy, Charles Kiernan, William Marshall, Frederick Maynard, Andrew Nelson, Rufus A. Parker, Philo H. Peck, Sidney S. Prouty, Richard Seavers, Charles Trayner, David L. Wade

July 5-26 Pursuit to Warrenton Junction, Va.
August 16 to September 13 Detached duty in New York City
September 24-
October 3
Movement to Stevenson, Alabama, attached to Army of the Cumberland
October Guarded Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad at Elkwater Bridge and Tullahoma
December 31 Regiment veteranized
January 10 –
March 1
Veterans on furlough
April Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland
May 1 to
September 9
Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign
May 8-11 Demonstration against Rocky Faced Ridge
May 14-15

Battle of Resaca

May 19 Cassville
May 22 Non-Veterans left front for muster out
May 25 Non-Veterans mustered out at Chattanooga, Tenn.
May 25

New Hope Church

May 25-29 Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek, and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills
May 29-June 8 Guard trains to Kingston and back
June 6 Raccoon Creek
June 10-July 2 Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain
June 11-14 Pine Hill
June 15

Gilgal or Golgotha Church

June 15-17 Lost Mountain
June 17 Muddy Creek
June 19 Noyes Creek
June 22 Kolb’s Farm
June 27

Assault on Kenesaw

July 4 Ruff’s Mills, Smyrna Camp Ground
July 5-17 Chattahoochie River
July 19-20

Peach Tree Creek

July 22-August 25

Siege of Atlanta

August 26 –
September 2
Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge
September 2-November 15

Occupation of Atlanta

November 15-December 10

March to the sea

December 9 Monteith Swamp
December 10-21

Siege of Savannah

January to April

Campaign of the Carolinas

March 2-3 Thompson’s Creek, near Chesterfield
March 16 Averysboro, N. C.
March 19-21

Battle of Bentonville

March 24 Occupation of Goldsboro
April 9-13 Advance on Raleigh
April 14 Occupation of Raleigh
April 26 Bennett’s House, surrender of Johnston and his army.
April 29-May 19 March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va.
May 24 Grand Review
May – July Provost duty at Washington
July 11 The 2nd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment mustered out
July 26 Discharged at Boston, Mass.