United States Regiments & Batteries * Michigan

The 3rd Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment had a total enrollment of 1,432 men. It lost 4 officers and 154 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 89 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

May 21 Organized at Cantonment Anderson at the Kent County agricultural fairgrounds in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and mustered into State service
June 10

Mustered 1.040 men into United States service under Colonel Daniel McConnel, Lieutenant Colonel Ambrose A. Stevens, Major Stephen Champlin and Adjutant Edward S. Earle.

Company A – “Valley City Guards” – Kent County – Captain Samuel A. Judd
Company B – “Grand Rapids Artillery” – Kent County – Captain Baker Bordan
Company C – “Grand Rapids German Rifles” – Kent County – Captain Adolph Birkenstock
Company D – “Boston Light Guards” = Ionia County – Captain Moses B. Houghton
Company E – “Lyons Light Guards” – Kent County – Captain Edwin S. Pierce
Company F – “Union Guards” – Kent County – Captain John J. Dennis
Company G – “Williams Rifles” – Ingham and Wayne Counties – Captain John R. Price
Company H – “Muskegon Rangers” – Muskegon County & Ottawa County – Captain Emery D. Bryant
Company I – “Lamont and Georgetown Rifles” – Captain George Weatherwax
Company K – Kent County – Captain Byron R. Pierce

June 13 Left State for Washington, D.C., travelling on two trains on the Detroit & Milwaukee Railroad to Detroit. Here they transferred to two boats for an overnight trip to Cleveland.
June 14 Left Cleveland by rail for Washington via Pittsburg, Harisburg and Baltimore.
June 16 Arrived in Washington and marched to Chain Bridge, where camp was set up on the bluffs overlooking the Potomac. Attached to Richardson’s Brigade, Tyler’s Division, McDowell’s Army of Northeastern Virginia for Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.
July 1 William Choates of company C died of disease and was buried at Camp Blair, the first member of the regiment to die. 
July 16 Advance on Manassas, Virginia.
July 16-21 Occupation of Fairfax Court House, Va.
July 17 Action at Blackburn’s Ford
July 18
Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)
July 21 Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.
August Attached to Richardson’s Brigade, Division of the Potomac
October 21-24 Reconnaissance to Occoquan
October 22 Colonel McConnel resigned for medical reasons.
October 28 Major Champlin was promoted to colonel over Lieutenant Colonel Stevens.
October Assigned to Richardson’s Brigade, Heintzelman’s Division, Army of the Potomac
February 3 Reconnaissance to Occoquan Village (Companies H & I)
March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 17 Moved to the Virginia Peninsula
April 5-May 4
Siege of Yorktown

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Stevens

May 31-June l
Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines

The regiment lost 30 killed, 124 wounded and 15 missing, including Colonel Champlin, who was wounded in the hip.

June 1-2 Reconnaissance beyond Seven Pines
June 25-July 1
Seven days before Richmond
June 25
Oak Grove
June 29
Savage Station and Peach Orchard
June 30
Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale
July 1
Malvern Hill
July – August 15 Duty at Harrison’s Landing
August Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps
August 16-27 Moved to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville
August 29
Battle of Groveton (Brawner’s Farm)
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run

Colonel Champlin was wounded for a second time, leaving command of the regiment to Major Pierce.

September 1
Battle of Chantilly
September Lieutenant Colonel Stevens was appointed colonel of the 21st Michigan Infantry. Major Pierce was promoted to replace him.
September –
October 11
Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.
October 11-
November 23
March up the Potomac to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va.
November 29 Colonel Champlin was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Pierce was promoted to colonel and command of the regiment.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
January 20-24 “Mud March”
April 27 At Falmouth
April 27-May 6
Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 63 casualties.

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Byron Root Pierce until he was wounded on July 2nd. His brother, Lieutenant Colonel Edwin S. Pierce then took command.

From the monument in the Peach Orchard at Gettysburg:

July 2nd 1863. This regiment deployed as skirmishers 150 yards in advance of this position. Held the line extending from the Peach Orchard east to the woods. Was the right of De Trobriand’s Brigade, and connected with the left of Graham’s.

Went into action with 19 officers, 267 men, total 286. Casualties: 7 men killed, 3 officers and 28 men wounded, 7 men missing – total 45.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap
July 23
Action at Wapping Heights
August 17-
September 17
Moved to Alexandria and then by ship to New York. Duty at New York City and at Troy during the draft riots.
October 9-22
Bristoe Campaign
October 3
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 8
Kelly’s Ford
November 26-
December 2
Mine Run Campaign

The regiment lost 31 casualties during the campaign

November 27
Payne’s Farm
December 23 207 men reenlisted and were granted Veteran furlough.


February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps
May 4-June 9 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House
May 8
Laurel Hill
May 10
Po River
May 12
Assault on the Salient (“Bloody Angle”)
May 19
Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road
May 21-23
North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31
June 1-9
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 9 Left the front
June 10 Non-veterans mustered out
June 13 Veterans and Recruits transferred to 5th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment as Companies A, E, F and I

The regiment was reorganized in October and served in the Western Theater.