United States Regiments & Batteries > New YorkInfantry

The 94th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 5 officers and 105 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 137 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Organized at Sackett’s Harbor, N.Y.
March 10 Mustered in under Colonel Henry K. Viele, Lieuenant Colonel Calvin Littlefield and Major William R. Hanford
March 14 Left State for Washington, D.C.
March 15 En route by train to Washington a break in the rail caused five cars to derail. Five men were killed and a number injured, and the regiment’s band instruments and much of its equipment destroyed.
March-April Duty in the Defenses of Washington at Fort Lyon attached to Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington, D.C.
May 2 Colonel Viele unexpectedly resigned. Lieutenant Colonel Adrian Root of the 21st New York Infantry was appointed as colonel.
May 13 Moved to Fredericksburg, Va., and duty there attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock.
May 25-June 18 Expedition to Front Royal. Ordered to abandon the planned movement to Hanover Court House and force march to Aquia Creek, then by steamer to Alexandria and by rail tro Manassas.
May 27-30 Left knapsacks at Piedmont Station and marched to Front Royal through the night in a driving rain storm.
June-August Duty at Manassas, Warrenton and Culpeper, Va. attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia
July 18 Major Hanford resigned, and was replaced by Major De Witt C. Tomlinson.
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 16-
September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 20-23 Fords of the Rappahannock
August 28 Thoroughfare Gap
August 29
Battle of Groveton
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run

The regiment entered the battle wth around 400 men and lost 21 killed, 81 wounded, and 45 missing or captured. Colonel Root was wounded twice, th last time rescuing the regimental colors. Lieutenant J. M. Woodward was mortally wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Littlefield took command of the regiment.

September 1
Battle of Chantilly
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

The regiment lost 2 men killed and Captain D.C. Tomlinson and 1 enlisted man wounded.

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was probably under the command of Lieutenant Samuel A. Moffett, who wrote the official report for Antietam and South Mountain and signed it “Lieutenant, Commanding Regiment,” It lost 12 men wounded, 1 mortally; and 1 man missing.

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:

Christian’s Brigade advanced from the Poffenberger Woods in support of Hartsuff’s left. The 90th Pennsylvania was detached to support Matthew’s Pennsylvania Battery in the field between D. R. Miller’s and the East Woods, but soon thereafter rejoined the Brigade, which moved through the East Woods and came into line on either side of the Smoketown Road, the 26th and 94th New York forming on the west edge of the East Woods, south of the Smoketown Road. The 88th Pennsylvania fought on the line of, and finally relieved, the 83rd New York, which was the left of Hartsuff’s Brigade, the 90th Pennsylvania relieving the right of Hartsuff and charging about 40 yards beyond it. The Brigade fought until its ammunition was nearly exhausted when it was relieved by the advance of the Twelfth Corps. This tablet marks the point reached by the 90th Pennsylvania.

The regimental monument on Cornfield Avenue at Antietam simply states:

Here fought the 90th Penna. (Phila)
Sept. 17, 1862
A Hot Place

September-October Duty at Sharpsburg
October 30-
November 19
Movement to Falmouth
November 1 Lieutenant Colonel Littlefield resigned and was replaced by Lieutenant John Kress, U.S.A.
November 15 Colonel Root returned from his wound, but was given command of the brigade, leaving Lieutenant Colonel Kress in command of the regiment.
November Transferred to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps so that Colonel Adrian would be senior colonel and could take command of that brigade.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment made a bayonet charge on a line of breastworks, capturing over a hundred men of the 33rd North Carolina Infantry. It lost 9 men killed or mortally wounded, 5 officers and 38 men wounded, and 6 men missing.

December – April In winter quarters at Fletcher Chapel, Virginia
January 20-24 “Mud March”
March 17 Consolidated into five companies, A – E. The 105th New York Infantry was transferred in as Companies F – K.
April 13 Major Tomlinson resigned. Captain Samuel Moffett was promoted to Major and temporary command of the regiment.
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2 Operations at Fitzhugh’s Crossing
May Assigned to Provost Guard, Army of the Potomac
May 2-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
June 17 Ordered to evacuate Belle Plain and Aquia Creek, take ship for Washington, and march to the mouth of the Monocacy, cheering President Lincoln in passing in Washington.
June 22 Moved to Edward’s Ferry
June 28 Ordered to follow the First Corps and assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Adrian Rowe Root until he was wounded and captured on July 1st. Major Samuel Mofffett then took command. The 94th brought 445 men to the field, and lost 12 killed, 58 wounded and 175 captured or missing. Colonel Root and many of the captured from the regiment were left behind unparoled when Lee retreated.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va. Colonel Root was asigned to command Camp Parole in Maryland, and Major Mofett continued in command of the regiment.
August-October Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26-
December 2
Mine Run Campaign
December Duty in the District of Annapolis, Md. attached to 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept.,
December 16 Lieutenant Colonel Kress resigned and Major Moffett was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Captain John McMahon was promoted to major.
May 26-June 15 Rapidan Campaign. Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 28-31 Totopotomoy; Assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps
June 1-12
Battle of Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 3 men killed or mortally wounded, 16 men wounded, and 1officer and 29 men missing or captured.

June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 6 Assigned to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Corps
June 11 Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Corps
June 13 White Oak Swamp
June 16-18 First Assault on Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins
July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)
August 10 About 100 men of the 97th New York Infantry were transferred in
August 19
Weldon Railroad

The regiment lost 2 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 5 men wounded, and 6 officers and 164 men captured.

September 15 Reconnaissance toward Dinwiddie Court House
September Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Corps
October Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Corps
October 21 Major McMahon was promoted to colonel of the 188th New York Infantry. Captain Henry H. Fish was promoted to major and command of the 94th.
November Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps
December 7-12 Warren’s Raid on Weldon Railroad
February 5-7
Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run

Commanded by Captain George French, the regiment lost 7 men killed or mortally wounded and 33 men wounded out of 221 men engaged.

March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
March 29 Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run
March 31 White Oak Road
April 1
Five Forks

The regiment lost 3 officers and 13 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 41 men wounded, and 24 men captured or missing. Major Fish was wounded on the 31st but stayed in command and was killed on the 1st. Captain Franch and color bearer Porter Crawford were also killed.

April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 13 Captain Byron Parsons took command of the survivors of the regiment.
May 1-12 Moved to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
June Duty in the Defenses of Washington
July 18 Mustered out at Ball’s Cross Roads, Virginia, under Colonel Adrian R. Root, the last volunteer regiment in the Army of the Potomac. The mustering officer for the provisional division that was the remnant of the Army was Captain Walter Chester of the 94th, so the regiment remained mustered in until the last so that he could continue in his duty until he was mustered out by Captain Pond of the Regular Army.
July 31 Disbanded from state service at Albany, New York.