United States Regiments & Batteries > New York > 130th New York Infantry Regiment


The 130th New York Infantry Regiment  served one year as infantry before converting to a cavalry regiment in 1863.

1862
August Organized at Portage, New York under the command of Colonel W.S. Fullerton, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas J. Thorp and Major Rufus Scott
September 2 The 130th New York Infantry Regiment mustered in under Lieutenant Colonel Thorp. Colonel Fullerton resigned on September 3.
September 6 The regiment left the State for Suffolk, Virginia The first stage was by train to Harrisburg in cattle cars, then on to Baltimore in coal cars, then to Washington. The regiment then sailed on the transport New York to Nortfolk, Virginia, then moved by train to Suffolk.

Colonel Alfred Gibbs, a classmate of General McClellan in the West Point Class of 1846, was appointed by McClelland to command the regiment. Gibbs had served in the Regiment of Mounted Rifles in the Mexican War and in the Indian Wars on the Plains

September – May Duty at Suffolk, Virginia attached to Provisional Brigade, Peck’s Division at Suffolk, 7th Corps, Department of Virginia. The swampy ground and bad drinking water caused much sickness, and every company lost some men to disease, including Captain Jeremiah Hatch of Company F.
October Attached to Spinola’s Brigade, Peck’s Division at Suffolk, 7th Corps.
December Attached to Gibbs’ Brigade, Peck’s Division at Suffolk, 7th Army Corps
December 1-3

Expedition from Suffolk

December 2
Action on the Blackwater near Franklin
December 23 & 28

Reconnaissances from Suffolk to Blackwater

December 28 Near Suffolk and at Providence Church
1863
January Attached to Terry’s Brigade, Peck’s Division at Suffolk, 7th Corps
January 8-10

Expedition toward Blackwater

January 30

Battle of Deserted House

The regiment lost Capatain Taylor of Company C and 6 men killed, 2 officrs and 18 men wounded, and 2 men missing. Colonel Gibbs was under arrest for disputing with General Corcoran, but led the regiment in a charge bearing the colors. The regiment provided the rearguard of a skirmish line under Lieutenant Colonel Thorp as Union forces withdrew.

April Attached to Terry’s Brigade, Corcoran’s 1st Division, 7th Corps
April 12-May 4

Siege of Suffolk

The regiment lost 2 men killed and 3 wounded during the siege.

April 17 South Quay Road, Suffolk
April 19 Suffolk
May 3 Nansemond River
May 4

Siege of Suffolk raised

June 12 South Quay Road
June 14 Franklin
June 16-17 Blackwater
June 24-July 7

Dix’s Peninsula Campaign

Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Corps

July 1-7

Expedition from White House to South Anna River

July 4

Baltimore Cross Roads

July 11 Ordered to Washington, D.C. from Yorktown. Attached to Provost Marshal General’s Command, Army of the Potomac
July 19 Ashby’s Gap
August 3 The regiment moved by rail from Warrenton Junction to Union Mills, in order to form a camp of instruction to convert to a regiment of cavalry
August 6 Went into camp at Manassas Junction
August 11 Designation of Regiment changed to 19th New York Cavalry Regiment
September 10 Designation of Regiment changed to 1st New York Dragoons. (Click link at left to continue history)