United States Regiments & Batteries > New York

1st New York Dragoons

The 19th New York Cavalry Regiment, better known as the 1st New York Dragoons, lost 4 officers and 126 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 130 enlisted men to disease, a total of 261.

August Organized at Portage, New York as the 130th New York Infantry Regiment. (see the link at left for a history of the regiment from August 1862- August 1863.)
August 11 Designation of Regiment changed to 19th Cavalry
September 10 Designation of Regiment changed to 1st Dragoons. Assigned to Reserve Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 13 The regiment received its horses
September 13-17 Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan under the command of Colonel Alfred Gibbs.
September 22 Between Centreville and Warrenton
October 17
Manassas Junction

The regiment lost 3 men killed, 1 officer and 2 men wounded, and 1 man captured.

October 18 Bristoe Station
October 18-19 Buckland Mills
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 20 Culpeper Court House
November 26-December 2
Mine Run Campaign
December The regiment received about 60 recruits, and prepared winter quarters. Non sooner were they completed than the regiment was ordered a few miles away, and had to do the labor again.
February 6-7
Demonstration on the Rapidan, Barnett’s Ford

The regiment lost 3 killed and 8 wounded

February 28 – March 2 A detachment of the regiment under Captains Hakes and Britton and Lieutenants Morey and Schlick took part in General Custer’s raid to Charlottesville.
March Attached to 3rd (Reserve) Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac
April The regiment turned in its unreliable Joslyn carbines for Spencers
May-June Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7 Wilderness
May 7-8
Todd’s Tavern

The regiment suffered the heaviest loss of any cavalry regiment in any one engagement of the war. Fighting dismounted with carbines against Confederate infantry behind breastworks, it lost 20 killed, 36 wounded and 35 missing.

May 8
Spotsylvania Court House
May 9-24 Sheridan’s Raid to James River
May 10 Davenport Bridge, North Anna River
May 11
Yellow Tavern and Ground Squirrel Bridge
May 12 Fortifications of Richmond and Meadow Bridge
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 27 Hanovertown
May 28 Haw’s Shop
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
May 30 Old Church and Mattadequi Creek
May 31-June 6
Cold Harbor

The regiment lost heavily holding the center of Sheridan’s line, including Major Scott, Captains Thorp and Leach, and Lieutenants Burr and Burlison, all wounded.

June 7-24 Sheridan’s Trevillian Raid
June 11-12
Trevillian Station

The regiment suffered 16 killed, 61 wounded and 8 missing or captured, inclding Colonel Thorp, who was captured, and Captain Lemen, who was wounded.

June 12 Newark or Mallory’s Ford Cross Roads
June 21 White House or St. Peter’s Church and Black Creek or Tunstall’s Station
June 23 Jones’ Bridge
June 24 Charles City Court House
June 27-July 30 Before Petersburg and Richmond
July 27-29 Demonstration north of the James River
July 27-28 Deep Bottom
July 28 Malvern Hill
August 7-November 28 Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign
August 8 Crossed the Potomac at Harpers Ferry on the way to Shephardstown, returning to Harpers Ferry in the night
August 10 Near Stone Chapel, Berryville Pike
August 11
Tell Gate near White Post and Newtown

The regiment held off Early’s army for most of the day, losing 29 killed and seriously wounded, including Major Scott, who was wounded. Major H. M. Smith would take command of the regiment.

August 12 Cedar Creek
August 13 and 16 Cedarville
August 21 Summit Point
August 25 Near Kearneysville and ShephardstownAbandoned by the Regulars, the regiment was surrounded falling back towards the Potomac, but was rescued by the timely intervention of Custer’s brigade.
August 28 Leetown and Smithfield
August 29
Smithfield Crossing, Opequan Creek

Lieutenant Alfred was killed, and Captain Hakes and Lieutenants Bayer and Critenden were wounded.

September Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah. The regiment was glad to trasfer away from a brigade mostly made up of U.S. Regulars, who they felt received most of the credit while doing little of the fighting.
September 13 Bunker Hill
September 15 Sevier’s Ford, Opequan Creek
September 19 Battle of Opequan, WinchesterCaptain Alexander K. Thorp (brother to the lieutenant colonel) was instantly killed by a bullet to the head.
September 20 Middletown and Strasburg
September 21
Fisher’s Hill
September 23 Near Edenburg
September 23-24 Front Royal, Mt. Jackson
September 24 New Market
September 26-27 Port Republic
September 28 McGaugheysville
October 2 Mr. Crawford
October 8-9 Tom’s Brook, “Woodstock Races”
October 14 Hupp’s Hill near Strasburg
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek

Colonel Gibbs was promoted to brigadier general for his conduct at the battle.

October 20 Fisher’s Hill
October 22 Liberty Mills
October 28 Berryville
November 1 Near White Post
November 11 Near Kernstown
November 12 Newtown
November 19 Cedar Creek
November 28-December 3 Expedition from Winchester into Fauquier and Loudoun Counties
November 29 Bloomfield
December 17 Thomas J. Thorp was promoted to colonel.
December 19-28 Expedition to Gordonsville
December 21
Liberty Mills

The regiment captured two pieces of artillery in fighting in the bitter cold.

December 22 Jack’s Shop
December 23 Near Gordonsville
February 27-
March 25
Sheridan’s Raid from Winchester
March 2 Occupation of Staunton and Action at Waynesboro
March 3 Near Charlottesville
March 11 Goochland Court House
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
March 30-31 Dinwiddie Court House
April 1
Battle of Five Forks

The regiment lost 15 casualties, includng Major Smith and Captain Leach, wounded.

April 2 Scott’s Cross Roads
April 3 Deep Creek
April 4 Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek
April 6 Sailor’s Creek
April 8 Appomattox Station
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army

April 23-29 Expedition to Danville
May March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
June 30 Mustered out at Cloud’s Mills, Va. under Colonel Thomas J. Thorp and honorably discharged from service.