United States Regiments & Batteries > New York > 49th New York Infantry Regiment

The 49th New York Infantry Regiment lost 15 officers and 126 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 5 officers and 174 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg and another on the Spotsylvania battlefield.

Organized at Buffalo, New York.
September 18 Mustered in under Colonel Daniel D. Bidwell and Lieutenant Colonel William Alberger.
September 20 Left New York for Washington, D.C.
October Camp near Lewinsville, Defenses of Washington. D.C. Attached to Stevens’ 3rd Brigade, W. F. Smith’s Division, Army of the Potomac
October 13 Two men were wounded at Lewinsville, Virginia
October 21 George Washington Johnson mustered in as major
December 20 Action at Dranesville, Virginia.
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Virginia. attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 22

Peninsula Campaign

Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula.

April 5

Action at Lee’s Mills

The regiment lost 1 man killed and 4 enlisted men wounded

April 5-May 4

Siege of Yorktown

April 16 Lee’s Mills
May 5 Battle of Williamsburg
May Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 23-24 Mechanicsville
June 18

New Bridge, Virginia

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 3 wounded

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 wounded

June 27

Garnett’s Farm

June 28

Garnett’s and Golding’s Farm

June 29

Savage Station

June 30

White Oak Swamp

July 1

Malvern Hill

July-August At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-27 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville
August 28-31 In works at Centreville
September 1 Covered Pope’s retreat to Fairfax Court House
September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

September 14

Battle of South Mountain

The regiment fought at Crampton’s Gap

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

The regiment lost 8 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded. Two officers and 14 enlisted men were wounded. Lieutenant Colonel William Alberger was wounded.

From the War Department markers (double marker number 74) on the Antietam battlefield:

Irwin’s Brigade came on the field about noon of the 17th, and formed across the Smoketown Road in rear of a line of Artillery.

After an unsuccessful attempt to penetrate the Confederate line south of the Dunkard Church, the Brigade rallied behind the ridge east of the Hagerstown Pike and between it and Mumma’s Lane, the left of the Brigade resting a few yards west of the lane, where it was exposed to a severe fire of Artillery and Sharpshooters.

About 5 P.M., the 7th Maine, on the left of the Brigade, crossed Mumma’s Lane, moved obliquely across the front of Brook’s Brigade, charged over the Bloody Lane at this point, dispersed the Confederates in its front and in the orchard on its left and reached the low ground North of Piper’s Barn, when the enemy from behind the stone fence on the Hagerstown Pike and the hill adjoining poured a severe fire on its right flank and front.

The regiment then obliqued to the left, passed through an opening in the fence into the orchard and to within 70 yards of Piper’s House, here it was met by a withering fire from a column of the enemy moving down the hill east of the house and driven back through the orchard with great loss.

It reformed a short distance east of this point and returned to the position from which it had advanced.

At noon of the 18th, the Brigade was relieved by Cochrane’s Brigade of Couch’s Division.

From the War Department marker (number 75) on the Antietam battlefield:

Irwin’s Brigade reached the field about noon of the 17th, formed line across the road at this point, and charged through the Batteries and across the fields in their front to check the advance of the Confederates from the West Woods. The direction of its advance was south of the Dunkard Church and, when its right Regiments, the 33d and 77th New York, were nearly abreast the Church, they received such a destructive fire on their right and rear as compelled them to retire to the cover of the ridge in front of the Church, the remainder of the Brigade forming on their left. Late in the day the 7th Maine charged across the Bloody Lane to Piper’s Barn and was repulsed with great loss.

About noon of the 18th the Brigade was relieved by Cochrane’s Brigade of Couch’s Division, and withdrawn to the rear.

September-October Duty in Maryland
October 29-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Virginia.
December 11 Lieutenant Colonel Alberger was discharged for disability for his Antietam wound. Captain William Ellis of Company C was promoted to major
December 12-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man mortally wounded and Lieutennat Frederick Barger, 1 other officer and 5 enlisted men wounded.

January 1 Major Johnson was promoted to lieutenant colonel
January 20-24
“Mud March”
February-April At Falmouth
April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 29-May 2 Operations about Franklin’s Crossing
May 3 – 4

Battle of Maryes Heights (Second Fredericksburg), and Salem Heights

The regiment lost 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant William Boughton and 10 enlisted men were wounded, and 18 enlisted men captured or missing

May 4

Banks’ Ford

June 5-13

Deep Run Ravine

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed

July 2-4

Battle of Gettysburg

The 49th New York Infantry Regiment was commanded by Colonel Daniel D. Bidwell. The regiment brought 414 men to the field, losing 2 enlisted men wounded in skirmishing east of Rock Creek on the extreme right flank of the army.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
July 7

Fairfield, Pennsylvania

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 5 wounded.

July-October Duty on line of the Rappahannock
October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26-December 2

Mine Run Campaign

December-April Duty near Brandy Station
May 3-June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

Captains Charles Hickmott, John Plogsted and William Wiggins, Lieutenants Charles Hickmott, John McVeane, Reuben Preston, Mortimer Tyler and Henry Valentine and 32 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captain Hiram Smith, Lieutenant Walter Wilder and 47 enlisted men were wounded, and 4 men captured or missing.

Colonel Bidwell took command of the brigade after the battle when General Neill took over the division from the wounded General Getty. Lieutenant Colonel George Johnson then took command of the regiment.

May 8-21

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Major William Ellis, Captains Reuben Heacock and Seward Terry, Adjutant Herman Haase, 2 other officers and 46 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captains Erastus Holt, George Selkirk and William Hudson, Lieutenant Aaron Fisher and 70 enlisted men were wounded, and 15 men were missing or captured. The monument on the field at Spotsylvania lists all of the names of those killed in the battle.

May 12

Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31


June 1-12

Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 5 enlisted men killed or mortaly wounded, 5 men wounded and 1 missing

June 17-18

Before Petersburg (Grant’s First Assault)

June 17-18

Siege of Petersburg begins

June 22-23
Jerusalem Plank Road

The regiment lost 3 enlisted men wounded

July 9-11 Moved to Washington, D.C.
July 11-12

Fort Stevens 

Lieutenant Colonel George Johnson, Lieutenant David Lambert and 5 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Nehemiah Sperry and 14 enlisted men were wounded and 1 man missing.

July 14-22 Pursuit of Early
July 27 Captain Erastus Holt of Company I was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
August 4 Captain Andrew Brazee of Company H prmoted to major.
August 7-November 28

Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

August 18 Colonel Bidwell was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Holt was promoted to colonel but was not mustered.
August 21-22
Near Charlestown

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed, 6 wounded and 2 captured.

September 13 Gilbert’s Ford, Opequan Creek
September 17 Old members were mustered out
September 19

Third Battle of Winchester

The 49th New York Infantry Regiment lost 1 officer and 4 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 6 enlisted men woudned

September 22

Fisher’s Hill

October 18 Major Andrew Brazee mustered out at Buffalo, New York
October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek

General Bidwell was killed while commanding the brigade. The regiment lost 11 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Captain William Hudson, Lieutenant French Fisher and 25 enlisted men wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Holt was breveted colonel for gallant and meritorious service at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania and in the Shenandoah Valley, effective this day.

October-December Duty in the Shenandoah Valley
December 13-16

Siege of Petersburg

Moved to Washington, then to Petersburg

March 25

Fort Fisher, Petersburg

The regiment lost 1 officer and 4 enlisted men wounded

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

Brevet Colonel Holt was mortally wounded by a shot to the head, and one enlisted man was killed. Lieutenant French Fisher and 3 enlisted men were wounded and 3 men missing.

April 2

Fall of Petersburg

April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 6

Sailor’s Creek

April 9

Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 23-27 March to Danville, Virginia.
April 15 – 16 Captain George Selkirk of Company B was promoted to major and Captain Solomon Russell of Company D to major
April 17 Major Selkirk was promoted to colonel and Captain Thomas Cluney promoted to lieutenant colonel with rank effective from April 3, but not mustered
May 18-June 2 Moved to Richmond, then to Washington
June 8 Corps Review
June 27 The 49th New York Infantry Regiment mustered out under the command of Colonel Selkirk, Lieutenant Colonel Cluney and Major Russell