United States Regiments & Batteries > New YorkArtillery and Engineers

The 1st New York Light Artillery, Battery M lost 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 11 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War out of a total enlistment of 262. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Organized at Lockport, N.Y.
November 15 Mustered in at Rochester under Captain George W. Cothran, 1st Lieutenants Charles E. Winegar and James Peabody and 2nd Lieutenants George B. Eggleston and John W. Woodbury, First Sergeant John H. Gormly and Quartermaster Sergeant R. Wilson Oliver.
November 21 Left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to Banks’ Division, Army of the Potomac
January Issued with six 10-pounder Parrott Rifles and ordered to Frederick City, Maryland.
March Advance on Winchester, assigned to Artillery, Williams’ Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps
March 6 Captain Cothran was dismissed by order of General McClellan in execution of the sentence of court martial.
March 12 Occupation of Winchester; assigned to Dept. of the Shenandoah
April 1-2. Advance from Strasburg to Woodstock and Edenburg. Attached to Department of the Shenandoah, 1st Division
April 1 Woodstock
April 1-2 Edenburg
April 7-11 and 14 Near Edenburg
April 19 South Fork of the Shenandoah
April 27 McGaheysville
April 28-June 17 Operations in the Shenandoah Valley
May 24 Middletown and Newtown. the battery helped defend the retreating supply and ammunition train.
May 25
Battle of Winchester

The battery was split into three sections which defended different parts of the battlefield. Lieutenant Winegar’s section cooly extracted one of its pieces from a difficult location as Confederate attackers drew near and supporting infantry disappeared. Lieutenant Woodbury’s section and a gun of Lieutenant Peabody’s section covered the rearguard of the army in its retreat north. The battery lost two men killed and several wounded, one mortally.

May 25-26 Retreat to Williamsport
June Assigned to Artillery, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia
June 4 Captain Cothran’s court martial sentence was vacated by President Lincoln and he was returned to duty.
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain

The battery was on the extreme right of the Union line and took and helped silence Jackson’s artillery.

August 16-September 2 Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 20
Beverly Ford

Fought a “severe duel” with two Confederate batteries

August 21 Rappahannock River
August 27-29 Plains of Manassas
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run

In reserve.

September Assigned to Artillery, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The battery was commanded by Captain Cothran. Supported by the 107th New York, it went into battle around 9 a.m. in an open field near the center of the line to the west of the East Woods and 200 yards east of the Hagerstown Pike and held its position until relieved around 1 p.m. During that time it expended its ammunition and held off two Confederate attacks without calling on its supporting infantry. The battery lost 1 corporal killed and five privates wounded.

General Gordon, the battery’s division commander, wrote

“…I take great pleasure in bearing testimony to the gallant conduct and efficient service of this battery in action. From the most unimpeachable testimony, I am convinced that this battery, unaided by its supports, kept at bay a furious but futile charge of the enemy. In this, as in many other cases, Captain Cothran has shown what a judicious artillerist can accomplish when he devotes himself to the service of his country and throws himself energetically into the discharge of his duties.”

September At Maryland Heights
December 10-14 March to Fairfax Station
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February-April Duty at Stafford Court House
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign. Assigned to Artillery Brigade, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The battery took position to the west of the Chancellor House and engaged in a severe duel with Confederate guns to the south and west. When the 11th Corps position collapsed the battery changed front and engaged the pursuing Confederates, eventually becoming the anchor of a line of 30 guns. Battery M was one of the last to leave the field, and was forced to leave behind two caissons as their horses had been killed. Lieutenant Winegar and an enlisted man were captured as they tried to bring them off. The battery lost four men killed in the fighting.

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded by Lieutenant Charles E. Winegar, and brought 96 men to the field serving four 10-Pounder Parrott Rifles, the battery only having the men and horses to man two sections of guns after Chancellorsville. Lieutenant Woodbury’s section was deployed on Powers Hill and Lieutenant Smith’s on the McAllister Farm, both providing support fire for the Twelfth Corps fighting on Culp’s Hill and near Spangler’s Spring on July 3. Lieutenant Woodbury was requested to suppress Confederate sharpshooters in the Zeb. Taney house. He moved one or both of his pieces to the east of the Baltimore Pike and shot out the front of the house, removing the threat. The battery suffered no losses in the battle.

July 4 Lieutenant Woodbury received his commission as captain as the battery left Gettysburg.
October Transferred to Army of the Cumberland
October 4 Guard Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad
October 26-29 Reopening Tennessee River
December 10 Sixy-three men of the battery re-enlisted, giving the battery Veteran status.
April Attached to Artillery, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps. The battery was issued with six 12-pounder Napoleons.
May 1 to September 8 Atlanta Campaign
May 8-13 Operations about Rocky Faced Ridge, Tunnel Hill and Buzzard’s Roost Gap
May 14-15 Battle of Resaca
May 19 Cassville
May 25 New Hope Church
May 26-June 5 Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills
June 10-July 2 Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain
June 11-14 Pine Hill
June 15-17 Lost Mountain
June 15
Gilgal or Golgotha Church

The battery lost one man killed.

June 17 Muddy Creek
June 19 Noyes Creek
June 22
Kolb’s Farm

The battery lost one man killed and one mortally wounded.

June 27 Assault on Kenesaw
July 4 Ruff’s Station, Smyrna Camp Ground
July 5-17 Chattahoochee River
July 19-20 Peach Tree Creek
July 22-August 25
Siege of Atlanta.

Assigned to Artillery Brigade, 20th Army Corps. The battery lost one man killed in the works before Atlanta.

August 26-September 2 Operations at Chattahoochee River Bridge
September 2-November 15 Occupation of Atlanta. Captain Woodbury resigned.
November 15-December 10 March to the sea
December 10-21 Siege of Savannah
January to April Campaign of the Carolinas
January 29 Robertsville, S. C.
March 16 Averysboro, N. C.
March 19-21 Battle of Bentonville
March 24 Occupation of Goldsboro
April 14 Occupation of Raleigh
April 26
Bennett’s House

Surrender of Johnston and his army.

April 29-May 20 March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond
May 24 Grand Review
June 23 Mustered out under Captain Edward H. Underbill