United States Regiments & Batteries > Ohio

The 66th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 5 officers and 96 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 143 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored on a monument at Antietam shared with the 5th and 7th Ohio Regiments and on a monument at Gettysburg.

Organized at Camp McArthur, Urbana, Ohio
December 17 Mustered in under the command of Colonel Charles Candy.
January 17 Ordered to New Creek, Va. Attached to 3rd Brigade, Landers’ Division, Army of the Potomac
March 7-15 Advance toward Winchester, Va. attached to 2nd Brigade, Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Corps
March-May Provost duty at Martinsburg, Winchester and Strasburg
April 4 Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Department of the Shenandoah
May 12-21 March to Fredericksburg attached to 2nd Brigade, Shields’ Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
May 25-June 7 To Port Republic
June 9 Battle of Port Republic
June-August Ordered to Alexandria and duty there attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia
August 10-18 Operations near Cedar Mountain attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia
August 18-
September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 28-30 Guarding trains of the army during the battles of Bull Run
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign, attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Eugene Powell.

From the monument to the 5th, 7th and 66th Ohio Infantry Regiments:

These three regiments became engaged about 7:30 A.M., September 17, 1862, advanced and drove the enemy from the woods near the Dunkard Church and were in action until 1:30 P.M. Their combined loss was 17 men killed, 4 officers and 87 men wounded, 2 men missing, total 110.

From the first of two War Department markers on Tyndale’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Tyndale’s Brigade, on the right of the Division, reached this point about 8 A. M., relieved a portion of Crawford’s Brigade, and engaged the Confederate Infantry in the East Woods.

After a short and sharp contest, the enemy gave way and the Brigade, obliquing to the left, crossed the Smoketown Road, entered the fields to the right of Mumma’s burning buildings, and took position behind the ridge opposite the Dunkard Church.

From the second of two War Department markers on Tyndale’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Tyndale’s Brigade, after the right flank of the enemy had been turned, pursued through the East Woods, crossed to the south side of the Smoketown Road and passing to the right of Mumma’s burned out buildings, halted behind the ridge a few yards east of this point, where, with the assistance of Monroe’s and Tompkins’ Rhode Island Batteries, it repulsed several assaults of the enemy.

About 10:30 A. M. the Brigade crossed the road and entered the woods on the right of the Dunkard Church. Joined on the right by the 13th New Jersey Infantry of Williams Division, it remained in this position until noon when it was compelled to retire to the East Woods.

From Lieutenant Colonel Powell’s Official Report on the 66th Ohio in the battle:

The regiment moved to the field of battle in column, in company with the Fifth and Seventh Ohio Volunteers (infantry), and Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, composing the First Brigade, under command of Lieutenant Colonel Hector Tyndale, of the Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania. Moving in front of a piece of woods in which the enemy were in force, and under whose fire we were placed, having 2 wounded while we were in column, I immediately deployed my regiment, and two high fences were a serious obstacle to my deploying to the left. I formed in line of battle, moving to the right. I observed that the Seventh Ohio had formed line in a similar manner, and I immediately attached my regiment on the left of the Seventh Ohio, and together we moved toward the right of the line that the Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania were forming, which brought us immediately in front of a line of the enemy drawn up along a fence, in the edge of a corn-field. We immediately opened fire upon the enemy, who soon broke. We advanced, firing, in connection with the other regiments composing the First Brigade.

The retreat of this line of the enemy soon became a rout. My regiment took a number of prisoners, who were sent to the rear. The regiment moved rapidly forward and formed, with the rest of the brigade, under shelter of a small knoll, directly in front of the church on the Sharpsburg road. This regiment assisted in repulsing the several attacks made by the enemy to drive us from this position, and in their last attack I was wounded by a musket-shot along the cheek and neck, which disabled me from remaining on the field the rest of the day.

From the report of the acting adjutant of the regiment, we went into action 120 strong, and this small force acted as efficiently as it was possible for it to do. I had but two commissioned officers with me in the action, Lieutenants Smith and Yagel, both of whom escaped unhurt.

September Duty at Bolivar Heights
November 9 Reconnaissance to Rippon, Va.
December 2-6 Reconnaissance to Winchester
December 1 Berryville
December 27 Dumfries
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February At Stafford Court House
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Eugene Powell while Colonel Candy commanded the brigade as senior colonel. It brought 316 men to the field, of whom 17 were wounded.

From the monument:

The 66th Ohio Infantry arrived in position just north of Little Round Top at 5 p.m. July 1. Morning of July 2 moved to Culp’s Hill and intrenched. At daybreak July 3 advanced over the Union breastworks, and with right here and left at tablet below, opened an enfilading fire upon the enemy.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
August 15-September 8 Duty at New York during draft disturbances
September 24-October 3 Movement to Bridgeport, Ala. and attached to Army of the Cumberland
October 6 Skirmish at Garrison’s Creek near Fosterville (Detachment)
October 26-29 ReopeningTennessee River.
November 23-27 Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign
November 23-24 Lookout Mountain
November 25 Mission Ridge
November 27 Ringgold Gap, Taylor’s Ridge
December 15 Regiment reenlisted
January Duty at Bridgeport and in Alabama
March 29-April 2 Scout to Caperton’s Ferry
April 12-16 Expedition from Bridgeport down Tennessee River to Triana attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland
May 1-September 8 Atlanta Campaign
May 8-11 Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge
May 8 Dug Gap or Mill Creek
May 14-15 Battle of Resaca
May 19 Cassville
May 25 New Hope Church
May 25-June 5 Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills
June 10-July 2 Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain
June 11-14 Pine Hill
June 15-17 Lost Mountain
June 15 Gilgal or Golgotha Church
June 17 Muddy Creek
June 19 Noyes Creek
June 22 Kolb’s Farm
June 27 Assault on Kenesaw
July 4 Ruff’s Station
July 5-17 Chattahoochie River
July 19-20 Peach Tree Creek
July 22-August 25 Siege of Atlanta
August 26-September 2 Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge
September 2-November 15 Occupation of Atlanta
November 9 Near Atlanta
November 15-December 10 March to the sea
December 10-21 Siege of Savannah
January to April Campaign of the Carolinas
January 14 Colonel candy mustered out.
March 16 Little Cohora Creek, N. C.
March 19-21 Battle of Bentonville
March 24 Occupation of Goldsboro
April 10-14 Advance on Raleigh
April 14 Occupation of Raleigh
April 26 Bennett’s House. Surrender of Johnston and his army.
April 29-May 20 March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond
May 24 Grand Review
June Moved to Louisville, Ky.
July 15 Mustered out