United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > 27th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment

The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment began with a roster of 1,046, and added another 300 men during the Civil War. It lost 5 officers and 67 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 62 enlisted men who died of disease. The regiment is honored by two monuments at Gettysburg.

January The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment was organized at Philadelphia under the authority of Colonel William F. Small as part of the “Washington Brigade.” About half the men were German, and many had served in European armies.
April 18 Five companies were moved under the command of Colonel William Small to Baltimore, Md., following the Sixth Massachusetts Infantry Regiment.
April 19 Both regiments were attacked by mobs in the streets of Baltimore. The Sixth Massachusetts was armed and was able to defend itself and fight its way through. The 27th had not been issued weapons and was forced to withdraw. Lieutenant Colonel Schoenleber was badly injured, 2 enlisted men were killed, 17 were wounded., and 156 men were missing.
Returned to Philadelphia and reorganized for three years
May 31 Mustered in to date from May 5 under the command of Colonel Max Einstein, Lieutenant Colonel Charles Angeroth and Major William Schoenleber

  • Company A – Captain R. Rodelsheimer
  • Company B – Captain W. Jatho
  • Company c – Captain C. Angeroth
  • Company D – Captain J. Kiefer
  • Company E – Captain A.N. Kidney
  • Company F – “Harrison Guards” – Captain C. Spering
  • Company G – Captain J. Harvey
  • Company H – Captain R.E. Vogel
  • Company I – Captain J.M. Lang
  • Company K – Captain D. Hagemeister
June 13-17 Stationed at Camp Einstein in Camden, New Jersey.
June 17-18 Moved to Washington, D.C. and attached to 1st Brigade, Miles’ Division, McDowell’s Army of Northeast Virginia
July 16-21 Advance on Manassas, Va.
July 17 Captain D. Hagemeister of Company K resigned as was replaced as captain by First Lieutenant H. Menninger of Company K.
July 21

Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)

The regiment was assigned as guards at Army Headquaarters. They were held in reserve on the Centreville Heights until they were ordered to return to Washington D.C. at 11 p.m. and arrived the next evening.

July 25 Captain Rodelsheimer of Company A was discharged and was replaced as captain by First Lieutenant H.A. Vogelbach of Company D.
August Attached to Blenker’s Brigade, Division of the Potomac
August 29 Captain H. Menninger of Company K resigned.
August 31 Captain R.E. Vogel of Company H was discharged.
September 7 Lieutenant Colonel Charles Angeroth and Major William Schoenleber resigned. Adolph Bushbeck was appointed lieutenant colonel and Lorenz Cantador appointed to major.
September 13 Captain A.N. Kidney of Company E resigned and was replaced as by First Lieutenant H. Rother of Company H.
October 2 Colonel Einstein Max resigned, Lieutenant Colonel Adolph Buschbeck was promoted to colonel, Major Lorenz Cantador promoted to lieutenant colonel, and Captain John M. Lang of Company I was promoted to major.
December Attached to Stahel’s Brigade, Blenker’s Division, Army of the Potomac. The regiment spent its time in drill and in building defenses for the Capitol.
March Attached to 1st Brigade, Blenker’s 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Army of the Potomac, then 1st Brigade, Blenker’s Division, Dept. of the Mountains.
May to August

Operations in the Shenandoah Valley

The regiment marched every day with few provisions, the supply train having been unable to find them and returning to Washington.

June 8

Battle of Cross Keys

The regiment was on the right of Stahel’s Brigade. It supported a battery for four hours under heavy shelling until it was discovered that Fremont had withdrawn the army, although no orders reached the 27th Pennsylvania. Confederates had worked their way in behind the regiment, so Colonel Bushbeck faced the regiment about and drove the enemy away to make his escape, bringing away the battery and their wounded. To add insult to injury the regiment was fired upon as they tried to rejoin Fremont’s army, since it was assumed they had been captured. But when the the confusion was cleared up General Fremont thanked the regiment for saving the battery and cutting its way out of its entrapment.

The regiment lost one officer and 14 men killed, and 3 officers and 87 men wounded.

June Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division. 1st Corps, Army of Virginia
June-August At Sperryville and Centreville. One man died of sunstroke on the march. Lieutenant Colonel Cantador commanded the regiment while Colonel Bushbeck was sick.
August 16-
September 2

Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

Colonel Bushbeck returned and resumed command. The regiment provided the rearguard ad Pope retired north, under fire during the day and force marching at night to catch up.

August 29

Battle of Groveton (Brawner’s Farm)

August 30

Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)

Colonel Bushbeck took over the brigade when General Schenck was wounded. The regiment held its position until dark, when it withdrew in good order. It was the next to the last regiment to withdraw, at Midnight, across Bull Run Bridge.

September Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Corps, Army of the Potomac. The regiment was posted in several camps near the Chain Bridge and picketed Falls Church.
October Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 11th Corps, Army of the Potomac. Colonel Bushbeck took command of the brigade as senior colonel.
November Major John N. Lang resigned, and Captain Peter A. McAloon of Company K was elected to major.
November 17 Went into winter quarters.
December 5 Ordered to move beyond Fairfax Court House to Hibernia Hill.
December 10-15 March through Dumfries and Stafford Court House to Falmouth.
December Duty at Falmouth and Brooks’ Station drilling and doing picket duty.
January 13 Marched to United States Ford on the Rappahannock, wheree the regiment built a road and cleared the hillsides for artillery batteries.
January 17 Assigned to escort the pontoon train to Bank’s Ford. Rain and artillery batteries moving in the opposite direction prevented the train from reaching its destination before nightfall, and bby morning it was stuck in the mud. The men worked two days to extricate the train, without shelter in the driving sleet and snow. Without fires, the men’s uniforms were frozen stiff.
January 23 The regiment managed to return to Falmouth and went into quarters.
February 5 Moved to Stafford Court House to rejoin the 11th Corps.
April 14-15 Operations at Welford’s, Kelly’s and Beverly Fords
April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 29 The 27th and 73rd Pennsylvania Regiments crossed the Rappahannock River on pontoons and drove away the Confederates posted on the south bank. The Pennsylvanians advanced a short distance and set up a picket line while the rest of the army crossed the river and advanced south. When the army had passed the two regiments joined the rear, rejoining the 11th Corps at Dodd’s Tavern.
May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

May 2

Battle of Chancellorsville – Day 2

The 27th Pennsylvania’s brigade was detached to support Sickles’ Third Corps and was on the left of the 11th Corps when Jackson’s devastating attack hit the rest of the 11th Corps that afternoon. Bushbeck ordered the 27th Pennsylvania and 29th New York to redeploy in the path of the attack. But they were badly outnumbered and outflanked and were forced into a fighting retreat back to the Chancellor House. The 11th Corps line reformed there and held in the face of the final Confederate attacks. Bushbeck’s stand earned praise even from those who were critical of the German troops of the Eleventh Corps.

May 3

Battle of Chancellorsville – Day 3

The 27th Pennsylvania was securely positioned behind breastworks but was only lightly engaged. They would hold the position until the 6th, when Hooker pulled the army back across the Rappahannock.

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

June 12-June 30 Marched through Virginia to Edwards Ferry, crossed the Potomac and halted at Emmitsburg for the a day. The Eleventh Corps had been leading the First Corps this whole time, but the First Corps took the lead while the Eleventh Corps took its rest day.
July 1

Battle of Gettysburg – Day 1

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Lorenz Cantador. It was ordered to march to Gettysburg in quicktime, and it was soon known that General Reynolds had been killed in the fighting there. On reaching Gettysburg the 27th Pennsylvania was ordered to take possession of the jail, church, and school building at one end of the town and make preparations to defend against attack from that direction.

Two Eleventh Corps Divisions had meanwhile been sent north of the town to set up a defensive line. The line had been heavily attacked and was collapsing, and the 27th Pennsylvania was ordered to advance to fill a dangerous gap in the line. In the confusion only about fifty men under the command of Lieutenant Vogelbach reached the position, and they were flanked on both sides and forced to retreat. They were soon cut off, and in an attempt to cut their way out Lieutenant Vogelbach was killed and the survivors surrendered. The survivors of the regiment retreated to Cemetery Hill and was posted behind a stone wall along Baltimore Pike.

July 2 & 3

Battle of Gettysburg – Day 2 & 3

The regiment held the position through the remainder of the battle. On the second day a Confederate attacks reached the wall and were driven back in hand to hand fighting, during which Adjutant Briggs was killed.

On the third day the men were subjected to a tremendous artillery barrage preceding Pickett’s Charge, but the regiment was not directly engaged. That night Lieutenant Hannappel of Company K took his men into the outskirts of town.

From the monument to the 27th at Gettysburg:

Present at Gettysburg: 19 officers and 305 men. Killed and mortally wounded 2 officers and 7 men. Wounded 3 officers and 23 men. Captured 1 officer and 75 men. Total 111.

July 4 The regiment was one of the first Union units to advance into Gettysburg.
July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee. The regiment caught up and skirmished with the rear of Lee’s retreating army at Hagerstown and Funkstown.
August-September Duty on line of the Rapidan, near Bristoe Station. One hundred seventy conscripts joined the regiment.
September 24-October 3 Movement to Bridgeport, Ala.; transferred to Army of the Cumberland
October 25-28 March along Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad to Lookout Valley, Tenn.
October 26-29

Reopening Tennessee River

October 28-29

Battle of Wauhatchie

November 16 Lieutenant Colonel Cantador was discharged due to complications from an injury. Major Peter A. McAloon was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
November 23-27

Battle of Missionary Ridge (Chattanooga)

Lieutenant Colonel Peter A. McAloon led a charge on a line of breastworks. The charge stalled and the men held their position while carrying on a deadly firefight with the enemy. Finally their ammunition was exhausted and the survivors were forced to retreat. Of the 240 men who began the charge, one officer and forty-five men were killed, and six officers and eighty men were wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Peter A. McAloon was carried off the field with five wounds, which proved to be mortal. Captain August Riedt took command of the regiment.

November 23

Orchard Knob

November 23-24

Tunnel Hill

November 25

Mission Ridge

November 27-December 17 March to relief of Knoxville
December Duty in Lookout Valley
December 7 Lieutenant Colonel McAloon died of his wound from Chattanooga.
April Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Corps, Army of the Cumberland
May 1-25

Atlanta Campaign

May 8-11 Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge
May 8

Dug Gap, or Mill Creek

May 14-15

Battle of Resaca

May 19 Near Cassville
May 22-25 Advance on Dallas
May 25 Left front to muster out
June 11 The 27th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment mustered out 336 officers and enlisted men under the command of Lieutenant Colonel August Riedt. Veterans and Recruits were transferred to the 109th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment.