United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > Infantry

(34th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment)

The 5th Regiment Pennsylvania Reserves lost 14 officers and 127 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 68 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument on Big Round Top at Gettysburg.

June Organized at Harrisburg under Colonel Seneca G. Simmonds, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph W. Fisher and Major George Dare
June 22 Ordered to point on State line opposite Cumberland, Md., then moved into West Virginia in support of Lew Wallace
August 8 Moved to Washington, D.C.
August-September Duty at Tennallytown, Md. Attached to 1st Brigade, McCall’s Pennsylvania Reserves Division, Army of the Potomac
October 10 At Camp Pierpont, near Langley, Va.
December 6 Expedition to Grinnell’s Farm
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
April 9-19 McDowell’s advance on Falmouth. Attached to 1st Brigade, McCall’s Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
April-June Duty at Fredericksburg
June 11-13 Moved to White House. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 26 Battle of Mechanicsville
June 27 Battle of Gaines’ Mill
June 30
Battle of Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale

Colonel Simmons was killed.

July 1 Battle of Malvern Hill
July-August At Harrison’s Landing
August 1 Lieutenant Colonel Fisher promoted to colonel, Major Dare to lieutenant colonel and Captain Frank Zentmeyer of Company I to major.
August 16-26 Movement to Join Pope and attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia
August 29 Battle of Groveton
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run
September 6-24 Maryland Campaign. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

The regiment lost one man killed and nineteen wounded

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Fisher. It lost 2 men killed and 8 wounded.

There are two War Department markers for Seymour’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield. The first marker is on Mansfield Avenue at Smoketown Road. From the marker:

Seymour’s Briade of Meade’s Division, after its engagement with the enemy of September 16, 1862, bivouacked on either side of the road at this point , with pickets thrown forward in the east woods.

The second marker is on Smoketown Road. From the marker:

Seymour’s Brigade became engaged at daybreak, and advanced on either side of this road into the East Woods, where it became heavily engaged with the enemy.

At the western edge of the East Woods its advance was checked by the enemy, and its ammunition having been exhausted, it was relieved about 7 A. M. by Ricketts’ Division, and withdrawn to the ridge in the rear of Joseph Poffenberger’s.

September-October Duty in Maryland
October 30-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

Major Zentmeyer was killed on December 13 (although his burial record shows him as dying in Richmond on December 31).

January 20-24 “Mud March”
February 6 Ordered to Washington, D.C. for duty in the Defenses of Washington and Alexandria. Attached to 3rd Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington
May 1 Captain J. Harvey Larimer of Company E promoted to major
June 25 Joined Army of Potomac in the field. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel George Dare while Colonel Fisher commanded the brigade.

From the monument on Big Round Top:

Present at Gettysburg 24 officers and 310 men. Wounded 2 men.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Rappahannock Station
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
December Duty at Alexandria
February 14 Major Larimer killed at Bistoe Station
February 22 Captain Alfred Smith of Company C promoted to major
May Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

Lieutenant Colonel Dare was killed on May 6

May 7 Major Smith was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and Captain James A. McPherran of Company F to major
May 8-21 Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 8 Laurel Hill
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 19
Battle of Harris Farm
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 25 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 Line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
May 31 Left the front to muster out
June 13 Mustered out under Colonel Fisher, Lieutenant Colonel Smith and Major James A. McPherran