|April||At Camp Floyd, Utah, commanded by Captain John Gibbon.|
|October||Reached Washington, D.C. and assigned to duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C. Attached to McDowell’s Division, Army of the Potomac.|
|March 10-15||Advance on Manassas, Va. attached to Artillery, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|April 9-19||Advance on Falmouth, Va. Attached to Artillery, 3rd Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock|
|April||Duty at Falmouth and Fredericksburg|
|June||Attached to Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia|
|July 24-27||Reconnaissance from Fredericksburg to Orange Court House|
Battle of Cedar Mountain
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
The position of Battery B is shown by a trailside marker at Stop Two on the Manassas Battlefield Driving Tour.
From the marker:
1st Division (King), Third Corps (McDowell),
Company B, 4th U.S. Artillery
“Campbell’s pieces came up on the gallop, these fences along the pike being torn down to let them pass into the field. With shells bursting about them, they were placed in position and began to reply rapidly from the knoll from where I had first caught sight of the enemy’s guns.
Battery B was commanded by Captain Joseph P. Campbell until he was wounded. Lieutenant James Stewart then took command.
From the battery’s War Department marker at Antietam:
Early in the morning, this Battery advanced from its bivouac morth of Jos. Poffenberger’s, passing through the North Woods to the ploughed fields immediately south of them. One section, under command of Lieut. James Stewart, was advanced to a position east of D.R. Miller’s house and about 205 yards from this road, and shelled the woods around and north of the Dunkard Church. In a few minutes Stewart crossed the road and, taking position about 60 yards west of this point, engaged the Confederate Artillery and Infantry. He was joined by the other four guns of the Battery which took position on his left, one gun in the road, a few feet in advance, working effectively against the Confederate Infantry in the Cornfield. The Battery was charged by Hood’s Division, the charge being repulsed by a rapid fire of double charges of canister, with the help of the Infantry supports – the Brigades of Gibbon and Patrick. In this contest Capt. Campbell was wounded and the command fell to Lieut. Stewart. After a close and severe engagement in which the Battery lost 9 men killed and 31 wounded and 26 horses killed, it retired to the field north of the Miller house, where it again went into action.
|Movement to Falmouth, Va.|
Battle of Fredericksburg
|April 27-May 6||
|May||Attached to Artillery Brigade, 1st Army Corps|
|April 29-May 2||Operations at Pollock’s Mill Crossing|
|June 11-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
Lieutenant James Stewart commanded the battery, which brought six 12 pounders to the field. There are two monuments at Gettysburg to Battery B.
From the monument on Cemetery Hill at Gettysburg:
July 1 In position about 200 yards south of the Seminary until 3 p.m. when ordered to the support of Brig. General J. C. Robinson’s Division First Corps and took position on Seminary Ridge one half the Battery between the Chambersburg Pike and the Railroad Cut. The other half north of the cut in the corner of the woods was actively engaged. The battery afterwards retired with the troops to Cemetery Hill where it went into position on the Baltimore Pike opposite the Evergreen Cemetery commanding the approach from the town. Two guns on the Pike and two in the field having been disabled.
July 2 & 3 Remained in this position.
Casualties killed 2 men, wounded 2 officers and 23 men, missing 3 men.
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 26-December 2||
Mine Run Campaign
|February 6-7||Demonstration on the Rapidan|
|March||Attached to Artillery Brigade, 5th Army Corps|
|May 4-June 12||
North Anna River
|May 25||Jericho Ford|
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
|June 1-3||Bethesda Church|
|June 16 to April 2|
Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
Warren’s Raid on Weldon Railroad
|March 28-April 9||
Junction, Quaker and Boydton Roads and Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run
Surrender of Lee and his army.
|May||Moved to Washington, D.C. and attached to Dept. of Washington|
|May 23||Grand Review|
|June||Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until August|