United States Regiments & Batteries * United States Regulars

There is a monument to Battery F, 4th United States Artillery at Gettysburg.

April 12 Stationed at the Artillery School of Practice, Fort Ridgley, Minnesota.
April 13-18 Moved as infantry to Washington D.C. by river steamer and rail.
April 18 Arrived at Washington, D.C. commanded by Captain J.C. Pemberton and was ordered to Seminary on E Street.
April 23 Ordered to the Arsenal in Washington.
April 29 Captain Pemberton resigned. He would be appointed a lieutenant colonel of artillery in the Confederate States army. First Lieutenant N. H. McLean of the 2nd United States Infantry was given command of the battery (still operating as infantry).
April 30 Moved to the Navy Yard.
June 6-7 Moved by rail to Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania.
April 30 Assigned 4 six-pounder smoothbores and 2 12-pounder howitzers.
June 20 Moved via the Cumberland Valley Railroad to Hagerstown under the command of Captain E. M. Hudson and was stationed at the Agricultural Fairgrounds.
June 30 Moved to Downsville, Maryland. Attached to the Thomas’ 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Pennsylvania.
July 2
Action at Falling Waters

One section under 1st Lieutenant D.D. Perkins was assigned to the 6th Brigade, 2nd Division and a second section under Captain McLean to the 1st Brigade, 1st Division. Both crossed the Potomac at Lemon’s Ferry near Williamsport and in the morning were engaged in a skirmish at Porterfield’s Farm near Falling Waters. Camped that night near Hainesville, Virginia.

July 3 Moved to Martinsburg
July 15 Moved to Bunker Hill
July 17 Moved to Charlestown
July 21 Moved to Harpers Ferry
July 29 Assigned to the 3rd (Stone’s) Brigade, Army of Shenandoah

Operations on the Upper Potomac

October Attached to Artillery, Banks’ Division, Army of the Potomac
December 17-20 Operations about Dams 4 and 5
March Attached to Artillery, 1st Division, Banks’ 5th Corps
March 7-12

Advance on Winchester, Virginia

March 12 Occupation of Winchester
April 15-June 17

Operations in the Shenandoah Valley

Attached to the Department of the Shenandoah, 1st Division

May 24 Actions at Middletown and Newtown
May 24-26 Retreat to Williamsport
May 25
Battle of Winchester
June Attached to Artillery, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain, Va.
August 16-September 2

Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run
September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

Attached to Artillery, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The battery was commanded by Lieutenant Edward D. Muhlenberg. It brought 98 men to the field and was equipped with six Napoleons.

September-December At Maryland Heights
December 10-14 March to Fairfax Station
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February-April At Stafford Court House
April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
May Attached to Artillery Brigade, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

Commanded by Lieutenant Sylvanus T. Rugg, the battery brought six 12-Pounders to the field and lost 1 man wounded.

From the monument on Taneytown Road:

July 1. Approached gettysburg on the Baltimore Pike to Two Taverns and took position to counteract any movements of the Confederates from towards Hanover. At noon moved to the Hanover Road and marched to within one and one half miles of Gettysburg.

July 2. Took position so as to command a gap between the First and Second Corps.

July 3. At 1 a.m. posted opposite the centre of the line of the Twelfth Corps and at 4:30 opened fire on the Confederates who had taken possession of a portion of the line of the Twelfth Corps the preceding night. Continued firing until after 10 a.m. when the Confederates were driven from the line. In the afternoon the Battery was exposed to a severe shelling which passed over Cemetery Hill.

September 24-October 3 Moved to Bridgeport, Ala.
October Guard duty on Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad. Attached to Army of the Cumberland
March Duty at Nashville, Tenn. attached to 1st Division, Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland.
February Moved to Washington and assigned to the Defenses of Washington until August.