United States Regiments & Batteries > Wisconsin

The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry Regiment lost 9 officers and 158 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 113 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

June 19 Organized at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin and mustered in under the command of Colonel Charles S. Hamilton (West Point Class of 1843) and Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Ruger (West Point Class of 1854). Colonel Hamilton was quickly promoted to brigadier general, leaving Lieutenant Colonel Ruger to command the regiment.
July 12 Ordered to Hagerstown, Maryland. The regiment left Wisconsin in a 24 car train.
July 18 To Harper’s Ferry, W. Va. Attached to Stone’s Brigade, Dept. Shenandoah
August 10 Adjutant Louis H.D. Crane was promoted to major.
August 18 Moved to Darnestown
September 1 Lieutenant Colonel Ruger was promoted to colonel.
September 12 To Frederick, Md.
October Attached to Stiles’ Brigade, Banks’ Division, Army of the Potomac
October 11 Harper’s Ferry, W. Va. (Companies A, C and H)
October 16 Skirmish on Bolivar Heights (Companies A, C and H) with Confederate cavalry under Turner Ashby. The regiment lost 4 men killed and 7 wounded.
February 25 March to Sandy Hook
March 12 Occupation of Winchester, Va.
March 22-25 Advance toward Manassas. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps
March 23
Battle of Kernstown

(Company A)

April 1-2 Advance from Strasburg to Woodstock and Edenburg attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah
April 1-2 Edenburg

Operations in the Shenandoah Valley

May 23
Buckton Station (Company G)

Captain Gustavus Hammer was captured

May 24 Middletown and Newtown
May 25
Battle of Winchester

Lieutenant Henry Spencer was captured and would die in captivity.

May 26-June 6 Retreat to Martinsburg
June Duty at Front Royal attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia
June 1 Major Crane was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Captain John W. Scott of Company B was promoted to major.
July 6 At Little Washington
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain

Lieutenant Colonel Crane was killed, Captain Moses O’Brien was mortally wounded and Major Scott and Captain William Hawley were wounded. Lieutenant Theodore Widvey was wounded and captured. Captain Hawley was promoted to lieutenant colonel effective this date.

August 16-September 2

Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 27-30 Guarded trains of the army during Second Battle of Bull Run, or Manassas
September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry Regiment lost 27 men killed and 173 men wounded (ten mortally) out of the 340 men on the field. Colonel Ruger was lightly wounded and remained on the field in command. Lieutenants Alexander Reed and Joseph P. Shepard were mortally wounded. Captains William Parks, George Stevenson and George Whitman and Lieutenant William B. Dicks was wounded.

At the end of the battle the regiment gathered up enough Springfield rifles on the battlefield that they were able to throw away their old smoothbore muskets.

From the first War Department marker to Gordon’s Brigade in The Cornfield on the Antietam battlefield:

Gordon’s Brigade formed line at daybreak on the Hoffman farm and advanced in a southerly direction in support of Hooker’s Corps.

The 107th New York was detached to support Cothran’s Battery and the 13th New Jersey was held in reserve. The Brigade formed on either side of Ransom’s Battery on the high ground due east of D. R. Miller’s, where it repulsed an assault of Hood’s Division and its support and, moving south through the Cornfield, changed front to the right and took position behind the ridge parallel to the Hagerstown Pike, where it remained until it was relieved by the advance of Sedgwick’s Division and withdrawn to the East Woods.

From the second War Department marker to Gordon’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Immediately after the withdrawl of Gordon’s Brigade to the East Woods, after being relieved by Sedgwick’s Division, it was ordered to the support of that Division in the West Woods.

The 13th New Jersey and 2nd Massachusetts advanced into this road – the former north and the latter south of this point – where they encountered such a destructive fire from the enemy that they were compelled to retire to the East Woods. Later in the day, the 13th New Jersey advanced into the woods west of the Dunkard Church and took position on the right of Greene’s Division.

September-October Duty at Maryland Heights
October 30 Defenses of the Upper Potomac at Antietam Iron Works
November 29 Colonel Ruger was promoted to brigadier general.
December 10 March to Fairfax Station and duty there
January 18 Moved to Stafford Court House
March 10 Captain Martin flood of Company C was promoted to major.
April 21 Lieutenant Colonel Hawley was promoted to colonel and Major Scott was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 29 Germania Ford
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The 3rd Wisconsin lost 21 men killed and 80 wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Scott was killed on May 1. Major Martin Flood was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Edwin L. Hubbard of Company D  was promoted to major, both effective May 2.

June 9
Battle of Brandy Station 

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Martin Flood.

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

June 16 Captain Lyman B. Balcom was wounded
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry Regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel William Hawley. It brought 260 men to the field, losing two killed and eight wounded. Lieutenant Jasper Woodford was among the wounded.

From the monument:

This regiment went into position on the part of the line on the evening of July 1st. On the evening of July 2d it moved to the left to reinforce the 3d Corps; returned to this position the same night and remained until the morning of July 5.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
August 16-September 5 Duty in New York during draft disturbances
September 24-October 3 Movement to Bridgeport, Ala. transferred to the Army of the Cumberland
October-December At Stevenson, Ala., and Decherd, Tenn., guarding railroad
November 3 Major Hubbard was discharged. Captain George W. Stevenson of Company B was promoted to major.
December 4 Lieutenant Colonel Flood was transferred to the Veterans Reserve Corps. Major Stevens was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Warham Parks of Company K was promoted to major.
December 21 The regiment veteranized. All 27 officers and 240 out of 314 men re-enlisted, with the men receiving a $400 bounty and a 30 day furlough.
December 25 Veterans on furlough February 9, 1864
January-April At Fayetteville, Tenn.
April Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland. Three hundred new recruits from Wisconsin expanded the regiment to just short of 600 men.
May 1-September 8

Atlanta Campaign

May 8-11 Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge
May 14-15
Battle of Resaca
May 19 Cassville
May 25
New Hope Church

Captain James W. Hunter was mortally wounded and Captain William Snow and Lieutenant Wilson Buck were wounded.

May 25-June 5 Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills
June 10-July 2 Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain
June 11-14 Pine Hill
June 15-17
Lost Mountain
June 15
Gilgal or Golgotha Church
June 17 Muddy Creek
June 19 Noyes Creek
June 22 Kolb’s Farm
June 27
Assault on Kenesaw Mountain
July 4
Ruff’s Station
July 5-17
Chattahoochie River
July 19-20
Peach Tree Creek
July 22-
August 25

Siege of Atlanta

The regiment would lose 47 men killed, 138 wounded and 1 missing between July and September.

July 25 Captain Thomas Orton was killed
August 26-September 2 Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge
September 2-November 15 Occupation of Atlanta. The regiment received 200 recruits from Wisconsin, including a dozen Chippewa Indians.
November 25-December 10

March to the sea

The regiment left Atlanta with 467 men.

December 9
Montieth Swamp
December 10-21

Siege of Savannah

December 12 Members of Company F captured the Confederate gunboat Resolute, its 20 man crew, and breakfast at Argyle Island on the Savannah River.
December 17 Major Stevenson was wounded.
January to April

Campaign of the Carolinas

January 29 Robertsville, S.C.
March 16
Taylor’s Hole Creek, Averysboro, North Carolina,

This was the regiment’s last action.

March 19-21
Battle of Bentonville
March 24 Occupation of Goldsboro
April 10-14 Advance on Raleigh
April 14 Occupation of Raleigh
April 26
Bennett’s House

Surrender of Johnston and his army.

April 29-May 19 March to Washington, D.C. via Richmond, Va.
May 7 Lieutenant John H. Meigs died of disease.
May 24 Grand Review
June 11-16 Moved to Louisville, Ky.
July 18 The 3rd Wisconsin Infantry Regiment mustered out at Louisville. Only 194 men of the original 978 remained.