The 10th Lousiaiana Infantry enrolled 845 men during the Civil War. Of these, 142 were killed or died of their wounds, 58 died of disease, 3 were murdered and 2 died of accidents. The regiment contained a large number of foreginers, with one company composed mostly of Greeks and Italians and another having 15 nationalities. Commands were given in French.
|June-July||Organized at Camp Moore by the addition of five companies to the 2nd Special Infantry Battalion.|
|July 22||Mustered 796 men into service for the duration of the war under Colonel Antoine Jaques Philippe de Mandeville De Marigny, Lieutenant Colonel Jules Charles Denis and Major Felix Dumonteil.|
|December||Lieutenant Colonel Denis resigned.|
|January 4||Major Dumonteil resigned.|
|January 16||Captain Eugene Waggaman of Company I was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain William H. Spencer of Company K was promoted to major.|
|May||Assigned to Semmes’ Brigade of McLaw’s Division|
Battle of Malvern Hill
Lieutenant Colonel Waggaman led a bayonet charge by the 10th Louisiana that broke through Union infantry to the artillery line before being thrown back. The regiment lost 18 men killed, 35 wounded and 18 captured out of 272 men engaged. Lieutenant Colonel Waggaman was wounded and captured, and Captain I.L. Lyons was also captured.
|July 26||The regiment was transferred to the newly-formed 2nd Louisiana Brigade with the 1st, 2nd and 15th Louisiana Infantry under Brigadier General William E. Starke, which was briefly attached to A.P. Hill’s Division.|
|July 28||Colonel DeMarigny resigned. Lt. Colonel Waggaman (still a prisoner) was promoted to colonel, Major Spencer was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain John M. Legett of Company F was promoted to major.|
|Early August||The regiment, with Starke’s Louisiana Brigade, was transferred to Jackson’s Division|
|August 5||Colonel Waggaman was exchanged.|
Lieutenant Colonel Spencer was killed. Major Legett was promoted to lieutenant colonel. The regiment is referenced on a trailside marker on the Deep Cut loop trail on the Manassas battlefield.
The regiment was commanded by Captain Henry D. Monier.
From the War Department marker for the brigade on the Sharpsburg battlefield:
On the evening of September 16, Starke’s Brigade formed line perpendicular to this road on the left of Taliaferro. When the Brigades of Jones and Winder were forced back on the morning of the 17th, this Brigade advanced with Taliaferro’s and the rallied Brigades, but was driven back. Supported by Early’s Brigade it again advanced, but was obliged to retire and reformed, with its Division, beyond the West Woods, where it supported the assault of McLaws’ Division on Sedgwick’s Division of Sumner’s Corps. During the engagement, General Starke was killed and the command devolved upon Colonel L. A. Stafford of the 9th Louisiana.
|December||Captain Henry D. Monier of Company I was promoted to major.|
The regiment was in reserve.
The regiment suffered 94 casualties in Jackson’s attack on the Federal right flank. Lieutenant Colonel Legett was killed and Major Monier was wounded. Monier would be promoted to lieutenant colonel while convalescing. Captain A. Perrodin took over the regiment.
|June||Captain Thomas N. Powell of Company C was promoted to major.|
The brigade helped cut off the retreat of Union General Milroy’s army from Winchester, turning it into a rout and destroying his army. The 10th Louisiana and the 2nd Louisiana captured over 1,000 men.
The regiment was commanded by Major Thomas N. Powell and brought 226 men to the field. It lost 22 men killed, 69 wounded and 19 missing or captured. First Lieutenant Samuel M. May was wounded and left behind to be captured when the army retreated.
|July 17||The regiment mustered 109 officers and enlisted men present for duty.|
The regiment was overrun in the Federal attack on the Muleshoe. Major Powell was wounded and 56 men were captured.
The regiment’s colors were captured.
Early’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign
Assigned to Stafford’s Brigade (Colonel Eugene Waggaman commanding) of Brigadier General Zebulon York’s Consolidated Louisiana Brigade in Gordon’s Division of the Army of the Valley
Commanded by Lt. Colonel Henry D. Monier
Colonel Waggaman was wounded.
The regiment had 1 man killed, 3 wounded and 9 men missing.
|October||The ten regiments of the Louisiana brigade were reorganized as a battalion of six companies with less than 500 men, although it would continue to be referred to as a brigade. The 10th Louisiana consolidated with the 15th Louisiana into one of the companies. Colonel Raine Peck (at 6’3″ and 300 pounds known as “Big Peck”) was given command of the brigade.|
|December||The regiment left the Army of the Valley and returned to the Petersburg defences with the remnants of the Second Corps|
|February 18||Colonel Peck was promoted to brigadier general and transferred to the Western Theater. Colonel Eugene Waggaman of the 10th Louisiana was given command of the brigade of 400 men|
|April 2||Major Powell was killed at Petersburg.|
The 10th Louisiana surrendered 4 officers and 13 enlisted men. The entire brigade only had 373 men.
|April 14||Lieutenant Colonel Monier was paroled at Lynchburg.|