United States Regiments & Batteries > Ohio


The 126th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 9 officers and 148 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 142 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument on the Spotsylvania battlefield.

1862
Organized at Camp Steubenville, Ohio
September 4 Mustered in under Colonel Benjamin F. Smith
September 16 Moved to Parkersburg, W. Va. and attached to Railroad Division, West Virginia
October 17 Moved to Cumberland, Md.
December 12 To North Mountain
December 12-20 Guard duty on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from North Mountain to Martinsburg
December 20 Duty at Martinsburg
1863
January Assigned to Martinsburg, W. Va., 8th Army Corps, Middle Department
March Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps
April 15-22 Expedition to Greenland Gap
June 14 Action at Martinsburg (Company B)
June 15-17 Retreat to Harper’s Ferry. Assigned to 3rd Brigade, French’s Command, 8th Army Corps
July 1-5 Guard stores to Washington, D.C.; thence to Frederick, Md.
July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va. Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
July 23 Action at Wapping Heights, Va.
August 18-September 5 Duty in New York City during draft disturbances
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Kelly’s Ford
November 8 Brandy Station
November 26-
December 2
Mine Run Campaign
1864
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 3-June 15
Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River

The 126th Ohio crossed the Rapidan river at the start of the campaign on May 4 with 23 officers and 555 men. By the end of the Battle of the Wilderness half of those had become casualties, and after May 12 at the Bloody Angle at Spotsylvania they were less than 100 men – “not enought for a company of minimum size.”

May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Spottsylvania Court House
May 12
Assault on the Salient “Bloody Angle”

On May 12 the regiment was advanced to the very exposed position where the marker is today to support the Union attack on the Bloody Angle. Lying prone the men loaded their rifles, then briefly rose to a kneeling position to fire at the heads of the Confederates in the earthworks. The few who stood up were instantly killed. The men fired fifty rounds each in a period of about two hours, then searched the bodies of the dead for more cartridges.

After exhausting their ammunition the men fixed bayonets and continued to hold their position. By this time half their number were casualties, including Lt. Colonel Aaron Ebright, who had been wounded early in the fighting. But the Confederates quickly noticed the lack of fire and began advancing, and the Ohioans were forced to pull back.

In the woods they rearmed, then returned to take up a position a short distance to the rear of where they had been during the day’s fighting. In the morning they advanced to occupy the Confederate works, which had been abandoned during the night.

May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor
June 18-July 6 Before Petersburg
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 6 Ordered to Baltimore
July 9 Battle of Monocacy Junction, Md.
August 7
November 28
Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (Opequan)
September 22
Fisher’s Hill
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
October-November Duty at Kernstown
December 3 Moved to Washington, D.C. then to Petersburg, Va.
December 9 Siege of Petersburg
1865
March 28-
April 9
Appomattox Campaign
April 2 Assault on and fall of Petersburg
April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 6
Sailor’s Creek
April 6-15 Guard prisoners at Burkesville
April 15-27 March to Danville and duty there
May 16 Moved to Richmond
May 24-June 2 To Washington, D.C.
June 9 Corps Review
June 25 Mustered out