United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > Infantry


The 114th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment lost 7 officers and 66 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 officer and 37 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument on the Chancellorsville battlefield and another monument on the battlefield at Gettysburg.

Several photographs were taken of the 114th Pennsylvania during 1864, probably due to both their colorful unforms and the fact that they were at Army Headquarters for a period of time as part of the Provost Guard. See the 114th Pennsylvania Photo Gallery.

1861
July-August Nine companies were organized at Philadelphia to join the independent Company of Zouaves D’ Afrique. Its Captain, Charles T. Collis, became colonel, with Frederick F. Cavada as lieutenant colonel and Joseph S. Chandler as major
1862
August Mustered in
August 31 Left State for Washington, D.C.
September Duty at Fort Slocum, Defenses of Washington. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps
October II-November 19 March up the Potomac to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

Came to the relief of the Pennsylvania Reserves, and in the words of General Stoneman, the commanding general, “charged most nobly, under a very galling fire.” Major Chandler was wounded.

1863
January 20-24 Burnside’s 2nd Campaign, “Mud March”
January 25 At Falmouth
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost over three hundred men in killed, wounded, and missing, including Colonel Collis and Captain Bowen, who were wounded, and Major Chandler, who was killed.

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Frederick F. Cavada, who was captured on July 2nd. Captain Edward R. Bowen then took command. The 114th brought 312 men to the field, losing 9 killed, 86 wounded and 60 missing.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
July 23 Wapping Heights, Va.
July -October Duty on line of the Rappahannock
August Colonel Collis rejoined the regiment but took command of the brigade as senior colonel.
September 1 Captain Bowen promoted to major
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 13 Auburn
October 14 Auburn and Bristoe
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Kelly’s Ford
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
November 27 Payne’s Farm
1864
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
February At Brandy Station
April 18 Assigned to duty as Provost Guard, Headquarters Army of the Potomac
May 4-June 12 Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7 Battles of the Wilderness
May 8-21 Spottsylvania Court House
May 21 Guinea Station
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12 Cold Harbor
June 16-18 First Assault on Petersburg
June 16 Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond
June 18 Garrison and Provost duty at City Point, Va.
June 19 Lieutenant Colonel Cavada resigns
October Colonel Collis promoted to brevet brigadier general. Major Bowen promoted to lieutenant colonel but not mustered due to reduced size of regiment.
1865
March Attached to Collins’ Independent Brigade, 9th Army Corps
April 2 Assault on and fall of Petersburg
April 3 Occupation of Petersburg
April Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps
May 1-12 Moved to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
May 29 Mustered out under Major Bowen