United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > Artillery, Cavalry & Engineers


The 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment lost 5 officers and 55 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 232 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg. From the monument: “Participated with the armies of the Potomac and Shenandoah in 51 battles, and out of a total enrollment of 2020, lost in killed, died, wounded and prisoners 668, of whom 131 died in the hands of the enemy while prisoners of war.”

1862
August to December Organized at Pittsburgh and Harrisburg
December 8 Left State for Washington, D.C. Duty at Bladensburg and Germantown and in the Defenses of Washington attached to Wyndham’s Cavalry Brigade, Defenses of Washington
1863
February 10 & 26 Skirmishes at Chantilly, Va. Attached to Price’s Independent Cavalry Brigade, 22nd Corps, Dept. of Washington
February 27-28 Scout from Centreville to Falmouth, Va.
April Attached to 3rd Brigade, Stahel’s Cavalry Division, 22nd Corps
June 25 Left Fairfax C. H. with Stahel’s Division to join Army Potomac. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac
June 30 Hanover, Pa.
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel William Penn Brinton.

From the monument:

The Regiment participated in the cavalry fights at Hanover June 30th and Hunterstown July 2d 1863. On July 3d occupied this position, and in the afternoon charged with the brigade upon the enemy’s infantry behind the stone wall to the north of this point on the outer edge of the woods. Present at Gettysburg 599 officers and men. Killed 2 men, wounded 4 men, captured or missing 8 men.

July 2 Hunterstown
July 4 Monterey Gap
July 5 Smithburg, Md.
July 6 Williamsport and Hagerstown
July 8 Boonsboro
July 11-13 Hagerstown
July 14 Falling Water
July 24 Battle Mountain near Newby’s Cross Roads
September 1-3 Expedition to Port Conway
September 1 Lamb’s Creek
September 13-17 Advance to the Rapidan
September 13 Culpeper C. H. and Brandy Station
September 13-14 Rapidan Station
September 21-23 Reconnaissance across the Rapidan
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 10 James City and Bethesda Church
October 11 Near Culpeper and near Warrenton and Brandy Station
October 14 Gainesville
October 17-18 Groveton
October 19 Gainesville, New Baltimore, Buckland’s Mills and Haymarket
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock (Companies B & H at Headquarters, 5th Corps, and at Rappahannock Station November 7. Rejoined Regiment November 19.)
November 18 Germania Ford
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
November 26 Morton’s Ford
1864
January 13 Near Ely’s Ford
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
February 28-March 4 Kilpatrick’s Raid on Richmond
March 1 Fortifications of Richmond
May-June Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7 Battle of the Wilderness
May 5 Craig’s Meeting House
May 5-6 Todd’s Tavern
May 8 Alsop’s Farm
May 9-24 Sheridan’s Raid to James River
May 9-10 North Anna River
May 11 Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern
May 12 Brook’s Church or Richmond fortifications, Strawberry Hills
May 26-28 Line of the Pamunkey
May 27 Demonstration on Little River
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
May 30 Hanover C. H.
May 31 Mechump’s Creek
May 31-June 1 Cold Harbor
June 2 Totopotomoy and Gaines’ Mill, Salem Church and Haw’s Shop
June 3 Haw’s Shop
June 10 Old Church
June 11 Bethesda Church
June 12 Long Bridge
June 15 Smith’s Store near St. Mary’s Church
June to August Siege of Petersburg
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
June 25-July 16 Company B at Headquarters, 6th Corps
July 14 White Oak Swamp
August 7-November 28 Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Attached to Army of the Shenandoah, Cavalry Corps, 3rd Cavalry Division
August 15 and 17 Winchester
August 21-22 Near Charlestown
September 1 Limestone Ridge
September 13 Abraham’s Creek near Winchester
September 19 Battle of Opequan, Winchester
September 20 Near Cedarville
September 21 Front Royal
September 22 Milford
September 29 Waynesboro
October 6 Near Brock’s Gap
October 8-9 Tom’s Brook
October 13 Cedar Creek
October 19 Battle of Cedar Creek
November 11 Cedar Creek
November 12 Newtown or Middletown
November 22 Rude’s Hill near Mt. Jackson
December 19-22 Expedition to Lacy Springs
December Duty at and near Winchester
1865
February Attached to Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah
March 17-19 Scout to Edenburg
March-June At Cumberland, Md.
June 24 Consolidated with 22nd Pennsylvania Cavalry to form 3rd Provisional Cavalry.