Confederate Regiments & BatteriesGeorgia


1861
June 11 The 19th Georgia Infantry Regiment was organized for the duration of the war under the command of Colonel William W. Boyd, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas C. Johnson and Major Andrew J. Hutchins.
July The regiment was moved to Lynchburg where it was badly hurt by a measles epidemic that was ravaging the camps.
September-October Assigned to the Army of the Kanawha
November Lieutenant James Chambers resigned and went home. When he was conscripted in June of 1862 he hid in the woods for six months until captured and imprisoned. He was released in May of 1865.
1862
January-March Assigned to Hampton’s Brigade, Whiting’s Command, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia
January 12 Colonel Boyd resigned due to rheumatism.
February 16 Captain James Beall resigned due to disability.
March-June Assigned to Hampton’s Brigade, Whiting’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia. The regiment reported 395 effectives.
June Assigned to Archer’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles

The regiment suffered 32 men killed and 157 wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Thomas C. Johnson was killed at Mechanicsville while commanding the regiment. Captain Augustus Black of Company F was killed at Seven Pines.

June 26
Battle of Mechanicsville

Lieutenant Colonel Johnson was killed. Major Hutchins was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain James H. Neal of Company B was promoted to major. Captain John Beale of Company H was wounded and would retire to lead state troops. Lieutenant George Cranford of Company C was wounded and would resign due to disability.

July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill

Lieutenant Francis Stovall was mortally wounded.

June-July Assigned to Archer’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
May 7 Eltham’s Landing
July-January Assigned to Archer’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain

Lieutenant John A. Richardson of Company C was wounded.

August 10 Lieutenant C.C. Seavey died in hospital in Richmond.
August 16 Captain Frank Johnston assumed command of the regiment, which marched to Locust Grove and bivouacked.
August 20 Resumed the march
August 26 Reached Manassas Junction and engaged the enemy, destroying the railroad bridge over Bull Run
August 27 Marched to Centreville and across Bull Run, moving to railroad cut.
August 28
Second Battle of Manassas

Captain Frank M. Johnston of Company A commanded the regiment as senior officer. The 19th Georgia supported Braxton’s Battery, then returned to railroad cut, engaging the enemy until dark. Captain Dennis Myers of Company B was wounded and disabled. Lieutenant Francis Wilds of Company I was killed.

August 30 Marched to Fairfax Court House
August 31 Stationed on the left of the division, moved up to the battlefield.
September 2 Resumed the march north
September 4 Major Neal returned to the regiment and assumed command as the regiment marched from Chantilly to Leesburg.
September 6 Crossed the Potomac
September 7 Went into bivouac near Frederick, Maryland.
September 11-14 Marched to Williamsport, crossed the Potomac into Virginia, then continued to Martinsburg and Harpers Ferry.
September 14-15
Siege of Harpers Ferry

The regiment lost one man killed and three men wounded from artillery fire.

September 14 Drove in Union pickets and took up siege positions
September 15 Began to advance on Union positions when the Harpers Ferry garrison was surrendered
September 16 Passed paroled prisoners across the Potomac
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Major James H. Neal. It marched to Sharpsburg and arrived in the afternoon around 4 pm, attacking the Union right. Although exposed to heavy musketry charging across a field of standing corn and another freshly plowed field, it succeeded in driving the enemy from behind a stone wall and holding that position against a counterattack. The regiment lost 13 killed and 76 wounded. Captain Tilghman of Company G was wounded in the leg.

September 18 Remained behind the stone wall under heavy picket fire, then withdrew after dark across the Potomac to Virginia. Major Neal turned command of the regiment over to Captain Johnston.
September 19-20
Battle of Shepherdstown

Skirmished with Union forces trying to force a crossing of the Potomac.

September 21 Marched to near Martinsburg and bivouaced at Camp Branch.
September 23 Major Neal returned to the regiment and resumed command.
October 1 Lieutenant Colonel Hutchins rejoined the regiment and assumed command.
October 3 Captain John Chambers of Company I resigned due to failing health.
November 3 Castleman’s Ferry
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment suffered almost 200 casualties. Captain Frank Johnston of Company A and Captain James D. Hunter of Company D were wounded and disabled. Lieutenant Peter Fenlo of Company B and Lieutenant John R. Selfridge of Company G were mortally wounded. Lieutenant W.J. Bridges of Company D was mortally wounded. Lieutenant W.T. Stallings of Companny D was wounded.

1863
January-May Assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. The regiment had been the sole Georgia regiment in Archer’s Brigade, and Jefferson Davis was strongly encouraged a policy of all the regiments in a brigade being from the same state.
January 12 Colonel Boyd resigned. Lieutenant Colonel Hutchins was promoted to colonel, Major Neal was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain John W. Hooper of Company K was promoted to major.
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 3 men killed and 40 wounded. Lieutenant John A. Richardson of Company C was wounded.

May-July Assigned to Colquitt’s Brigade, Department of South Carolina.
June 23 Major John Hooper resigned due to disability.
July-October Assigned to 1st Sub-division, 1st Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida
July 16 Grimball’s Landing on James Island
August-September
Charleston Harbor
August 20 Colonel Hutchins resigned. Lieutenant Colonel Neal was promoted to colonel and Captain Flynt Tilghman of Company G was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
October Assigned to Colquit’s Brigade, Western Division, 7th Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida
1864
January-February Assigned to Colquit’s Brigade, 7th Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida
February Assigned to Colquit’s Brigade, District of East Florida, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida
February 20
Battle of Olustee

The regiment suffered 6 killed and 88 wounded. Lieutenant William Johnson of Company C was killed.

February-May Assigned to District of Forida, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida
May Assigned to Colquit’s Brigade, Colquit’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
May 19 Captain Miles Edwards of Company H resigned to assume his position in the Geotgia State Legislature.
May-October Assigned to Colquit’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
May 16
Battle of Drewry’s Bluff
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June
Siege of Petersburg

Lieutenant John A. Richardson of Company C was wounded for the third time.

July 30
The Crater
August 19
Weldon Railroad

Captain Baylor Elliott of Company G was killed.

September 21 Lieutenant Colonel Tilghman was retired to the Invalid Corps. Captain Hogan B. Ridgway of Company C was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Captain William F. Hamilton of Company F was promoted to major. Lieutenant John A. Richardson of Company C was promoted to captain.
September 29-30 Fort Harrison
October-December Assigned to Colquit’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, 4th Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
December Assigned to Colquit’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Department of North Carolina.
1865
January 13-15
2nd Battle of Fort Fisher
February-April
Carolinas Campaign
March-April Assigned to Colquit’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, Hardee’s Corps
March 19-21
Battle of Bentonville

Colonel Neal was killed.

April Assigned to Colquit’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Tennessee
April 26
Durham Station

The 19th Georgia Infantry was surrendered by General Joseph Johnston.