|Spring||Six infantry companies and four cavalry companies were organized as part of a combined arms Legion under the command of Colonel William Phillips. Lieutenant Colonel Seaborne Jones commanded the infantry of the Legion.|
|July||Ordered to Western Virginia|
|August 9||Mustered into Confederate Service at Lynchburg, Virginia.|
|October 16||Assigned to John Floyd’s Brigade of the Army of the Kanawha.|
|November 12||Assigned to the First Brigade of the Army of the Kanawha|
|December 16||Ordered to South Carolina to recover from the winter campaign in western Virginia, where many men had been lost to measles and typhoid. Colonel Phillips caught typhoid, but survived. The Legion served under Brigadier General Thomas Drayton, guarding railway lines.|
|January||Assigned to the Sixth Military District of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.|
|Spring||Three additional companies of infantry (L, M and O) were raised and added in Cobb and Bartow Counties.|
|June 1||Assigned to the Fourth Military District of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.|
|July 6||Lieutenant Colonel Jones resigned. Captain Robert Thomas Cook of Company B was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Elihu S. Barclay of Company C promoted to major.|
|August||The infantry were sent north to Virginia by train and were assigned to Brigadier General Thomas F. Drayton’s Brigade of D.R. Jones’ Division of Longstreet’s Command. The Legion infantry was brigaded with the 50th and 51st Georgia Regiments, the 3rd South Carolina Battalion and the 15th South Carolina Regiment. The Phillips Legion Cavalry went north later and was assigned to a cavalry brigade. The two parts of the legion would serve as separate regiments for the remainder of the war, united only by their name.|
|August 5||Malvern Hill|
|August 23||Beverly Ford|
|August 25||Waterloo Bridge|
The battalion was commanded by Lt. Colonel Cook. It lost 31 men killed or mortally wounded, 39 men wounded and 41 men captured.
Lt. Colonel Cook, Captains Oliver Daniel and Joseph Hamilton, Lieutenant Theophilus Bowie and Chaplain George Smith were wounded. Major Barclay was severely wounded in the spine and ankle and was captured, and Captain James Johnson was wounded and captured.
Lieutenants John Duggan, Abraham Jones and William Watson were killed. Lieutenants Patrick McGovern and Michael Walsh were captured.
Lieutenant Price of Company E was the senior surviving officer and took command of the battalion.
September 15-17, 1862.
|October 6||Major Barclay was paroled but did not return to duty due to his wound.|
|Operations in Loudon, Faquier and Rappahannock Counties.|
|November||The battalion mustered 101 men fit for duty.|
|November 26||Drayton’s Brigade was broken up as he was dying of heart disease. The Legion infantry was transferred to T.R.R. Cobb’s Brigade of McLaw’s Division of the First Corps.|
Lieutenant Colonel Cook was killed and First Lieutenant Hardy Price mortally wounded. Major Barclay was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Joseph Hamilton to major, although both were still on convalescent leave from wounds.
|Janaury 7||Assigned to Wofford’s Brigade of McLaw’s Division of the First Corps.|
|Spring||Major Joseph Hamilton returned to command|
|May 1-5||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|May 10||Lieutenant Colonel Barclay returned to active duty|
Lieutenant Colonel Barclay was forced to drop out of the march due to his wounds, leaving Major Hamilton in command
The regiment was commanded by Lt. Colonel Elihu S. Barclay and brought 273 men to the field. It lost 6 men killed and 22 wounded.
From the marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:
July 2. Arrived at 4 P. M. and formed line 100 yards west of this. Ordered to the front about 6 P. M. and advanced soon afterward along Wheatfield Road flanked the Union forces assailing the Loop and aided the Confederates thereby relieved in forcing them back through the Wheatfield to the foot of Little Round Top. Assailed there by a strong body of fresh troops and receiving at the same moment an order to withdraw the Brigade fell back at sunset to the grove west of the Wheatfield.
July 3. One regiment was left on outpost duty in that grove. The others supported artillery on Peach Orchard Ridge. All withdrew late in the afternoon.
July 4. In line here all day. At midnight began march to Hagerstown.
|July 5-24||Retreat to Viriginia|
|August 5||Lieutenant Colonel Barclay resigned his commission due to the effects from his South Mountain wounds|
|September||Transferred west with Longstreet to the Army of the Tennessee but did not arive in time for the Battle of Chickamauga.|
|September 22-24||Skrimishes around Chickamauga|
|September 25||Siege of Chattanooga|
Siege of Knoxville
Captain James Johnson was killed.
|November 15||Little River, Tennessee|
Assault on Fort Sanders
Major Hamilton was wounded and Captain James Johnson mortally wounded
|December 31||Major Hamilton was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
|January 16-17||Dandridge, Tennessee|
|January 26||Dandridge, Tennessee|
|January 27||Fair Garden, Tennessee|
|January 28||Dandridge, Tennessee|
|April||The regiment returned to Virginia with Longstreet’s command. Joseph Kershaw took over McLaws’ Division after Longstreet removed McLaws from command, and the Legion infantry was attached to Wofford’s Brigade of Kershaw’s Division of the First Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia.|
Captain Frederick Fuller of Company A was killed.
North Anna River
Lieutenant Colonel Hamilton was wounded.
|June 18||Siege of Petersburg begins|
First Battle of Deep Bottom
|August 6||The regiment was sent with Kershaw’s Division to the Shenandoah Valley, where it was temporarily attached to Lieutenant General Jubal Early’s Army of the Valley.|
|August 16||Cedarville and Guard Hill (Front Royal)|
|September 2-3||Bunker Hill|
|September 14||Since Sheridan and his Union Army of the Shenandoah was inactive Kershaw’s Division was ordered back to rejoin Lee at Richmond and began to leave the Valley.|
|November 14||Kershaw’s Division left the Shenandoah Valley to return to the Army of Northern Virginia around Petersburg.|
|December||Wofford’s Brigade became DuBose’s Brigade|
|January||Lt. Colonel Hamilton returned to duty|
Battle of Sailor’s Creek
Most of the battalion was captured. Lt. Colonel Hamilton, Major Norris, and Captain John Matthias were captured. Captains James F. Lowerey and Samuel Y. Harris were mortally wounded and captured, and Captain Daniel Sanford was wounded and captured.
The Legion surrendered 5 officers and 88 men.