A total of 288 men served in the Troup Battery during the Civil War. Nine died from wounds and forty from disease.
|The Troup Battery’s immediate ancestor was created as the National Artillery in Athens, Georgia. A. A. Franklin Hill was elected captain.|
|January||The battery was renamed the Troup Battery after former Georgia Governor George M. Troup. Captain Hill left to become an officer in the First Georgia Regular Regiment. The battery elected Marcellus Stanley as captain and Doctor Henry Hull Carlton as First Lieutenant.|
|April 24||The battery left Athens for Savannah for two months drill. They were equipped with one 12 pounder howitzer, two 6 pounder smoothbore howitzers, and a James Rifle.|
|April 26||Mustered into Confederate service.|
|July 5||Arrived in Richmond before being sent to Western Virginia.|
|August 1||A small dog adopted the battery at Staunton. Named “Charlie,” he accompanied the battery until his death at the very end of the war, taking huge pleasure in the firing of the cannons, sharing the battery’s ups and downs and providing the occasional chicken and rabbit for the communal pot.|
Cheat Mountain Campaign
Assigned to Gilham’s Brigade, Army of the Northwest.
|November||Returned from western Virginia and assigned to the Department of the Penninsula. Attached to Cobb’s Legion, a combined arms unit of infantry, cavalry and artillery. The legion concept did not fit well with Civil War operations and the three branches operated separately through most of the war.|
|January-April||Assigned to McLaws’s Division, Department of the Penninsula.|
Siege of Yorktown
Assigned to Cobb’s Brigade, McLaws’s Division, Department of Northern Virginia. The battery was reorganized under the command of Captain Henry Hull Carlton, a physician.
Battle of Lee’s Mill
Dam Number 1
|April 29||The battery reorganized for the duration of the war. They elected Doctor Henry Hull Carlton as captain.|
|May-June||Assigned to Cobb’s Brigade, Magruder’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia.|
|June-July||Assigned to Cobb’s Brigade, Magruder’s Division, Magruder’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
Battle of Malvern Hill
|July-August||Assigned to Cobb’s Brigade, McLaws’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.|
|September-July||Assigned to Artillery Battalion, McLaws’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.|
A two gun section of the battery was in action, losing one gun captured.
The battery was commanded by Captain H. H. Carlton. It seems that it brought only one officer and 26 men to the field, serving 1 12 pounder howitzer and two to pounder Parrot Rifles. It is believed that the battery left two 6 pounder Smoothbores at Leesburg at the before the start of the campaign due to lack of crews. Private Benjamin Carlton, brother to Captain Carlton, was killed, and eight men were wounded.
Battle of Chancellorsville (Second Fredericksburg and Salem Church)
|July-September||Assigned to Cabell’s Battalion, 1st Corps Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.|
The battery was commanded by Captain Henry H. Carlton, who was wounded on July 3. First Lieutenant C.W. Motes then took command.
From the marker to the first section of the Troup Artillery on the Gettysburg battlefield:
The Troup Artillery
July 2. This section took position here 3.30 P. M. and was actively engaged until near dark.
July 3. In position on the main artillery line on ridge in front of Spangler’s Woods. Took part in the great cannonade and after repulse of Longstreet’s assault advanced 300 yards and aided in checking pursuit. Retired from the front after dark.
July 4. Remained near here all day inactive short of ammunition. After night withdrew from the field.
From the marker to the second section:
Second Section Two 12 Pounder Howitzers
July 2. This section took position here at 4 P. M. and was actively engaged until dark.
July 3. In position near main artillery line but under cover of hill in front of Spangler’s Woods. After repulse of Longstreet’s assault advanced 300 yards and aided in checking pursuit. Retired from the front after dark.
July 4. In position here all day and withdrew from the field after dark. Their ammunition was nearly exhausted.
Losses of both sections Killed 1 Wounded 6 Horses of both sections killed or disabled 17
|September-April||Assigned to Cabell’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.|
Battle of Raccoon Ford
|April||Assigned to Cabell’s Battalion, 1st Corps Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia.|
|April 3||Captain Carlton returned from recovering from his Gettysburg wound.|
Battle of North Anna
Captain Carlton was wounded
|April 7||Charlie the dog was killed during the retreat from Petersburg by a stray shell. He was tearfully buried under a large shade tree.|
Most of the battery was captured with Walker’s artillery park by Federal cavalry
A handful of men who had escaped capture at Appomattox Station surrendered with Lee’ army.