Confederate Regiments & BatteriesMaryland


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“Baltimore Battery” “Brockenbrough’s Artillery”

1861
August 17 Organized at Richmond.
  Assigned to Elzey’s Btigade at Centreville.
   
   
1862
March 2 John B. Brockenbrough became captain of the battery. He was a native of Lexington, Virginia, an attorney and a graduate of the University of Virginia who had been an organizer and officer in Virginia’s Rockbridge Artillery.
  Assigned to Army of the Valley
 
Battle of Front Royal
  Assigned to Ashby’s and Steuart’s cavalry in the retreat up the Shenandoah Valley
 
Harrisonburg
June 8
Battle of Cross Keys

Supported the 1st Maryland Infantry Regiment

June 9

Port Republic

General Taylor presented two captured Napoleons to the battery.

June 26 Gaines’ Mill
June 29 Dispatch Station
July 1 Malvern Hill
  Moved to Charlotteville and rested for a month.
August 21 Engaged with United States Regulars. Four men were killed.
August 24-26 Marched 50 miles in 48 hours with nothing to eat except the green corn in the fields, then gorged on Federal supplies at Manassas Junction.
August 29-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
  Crossed the Potomac and spent three days in Frederick.
September 12 Recrossed the Potomac and drove Federal troops out of Martinsburg
September 14-15
Harpers Ferry

The battery was positioned on Loudon Heights.

September 16 Marched to join Lee’s force at Sharpsburg, rriving in the evening.
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The battery was commanded by Captain John B. Brockenbrough and was equipped with one 3″ Ordnance Rifle, one Blakely Rifle, one 10-pounder Parrott and one 12 pounder Howitzer. The Howitzer was iron, and may have been unique at Antietam. The battery is said to have fired the first shots of the battle on the morning of September 17.

From the monument to the battery on the Antietam battlefield:

The Battery, under the command of Capt. J.B. Brockenbrough, occupied a position near this marker at daybreak, and opened the battle on the Confederate side. 

From a tablet next to the monument:

The Baltimore Battery (Confederate) fired from this spot into the Union forces in the Cornfield. It included a 12-pounder iron howitzer (like the small gun before you), the only one of its kind among the 500 cannon at Antietam.

  Went into winter quarters near Newmarket.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

Captain Brockenbrough was wounded in the arm.

1863
March 2 Captain Brockenbrough was promoted to major and assigned as Chief of Artillery to Brigadier General Taliferro. Captain James Breathed took over command of the battery.
June Assigned to Horse Artillery, Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac
June 9
Battle of Brandy Station
  Carlisle
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

Commanded by Captain William H. Griffin, it brought four 10-pounder Parrotts to the field

   
December Mine Run Campaign
   
1864
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
1865
   
   

Battles engaged in: Harpers Ferry; Winchester; Front Royal; Cross Keys; Port Republic; Woodstock; Gaines’ Mills; Malvern Hill; Bristoe Station; Cunningham’s Ford; Groveton; Rappahannock; Second Manassas; Antietam; Yellow Tavern; Culpepper C.H.; Brandy Station; Chambersburg; Leestown; Frederick; OldTown; Waynesboro; Maurytown.

Officers. Captain John B. Brockenbrough. Captain William G. Griffin. Lieut. William B. Beam. Lieut. John McNulty. Lieut. James T. Wilhelm. Lieut. John w. Goodman.