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“Baltimore Battery” “Brockenbrough’s Artillery”
|August 17||Organized at Richmond.|
|Assigned to Elzey’s Btigade at Centreville.|
|March 2||John B. Brockenbrough became captain of the battery. He was a native of Lexington, Virginia, an attorney and a graduate of the University of Virginia who had been an organizer and officer in Virginia’s Rockbridge Artillery.|
|Assigned to Army of the Valley|
Battle of Front Royal
|Assigned to Ashby’s and Steuart’s cavalry in the retreat up the Shenandoah Valley|
Battle of Cross Keys
Supported the 1st Maryland Infantry Regiment
General Taylor presented two captured Napoleons to the battery.
|June 26||Gaines’ Mill|
|June 29||Dispatch Station|
|July 1||Malvern Hill|
|Moved to Charlotteville and rested for a month.|
|August 21||Engaged with United States Regulars. Four men were killed.|
|August 24-26||Marched 50 miles in 48 hours with nothing to eat except the green corn in the fields, then gorged on Federal supplies at Manassas Junction.|
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
|Crossed the Potomac and spent three days in Frederick.|
|September 12||Recrossed the Potomac and drove Federal troops out of Martinsburg|
The battery was positioned on Loudon Heights.
|September 16||Marched to join Lee’s force at Sharpsburg, rriving in the evening.|
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)
The battery was commanded by Captain John B. Brockenbrough and was equipped with one 3″ Ordnance Rifle, one Blakely Rifle, one 10-pounder Parrott and one 12 pounder Howitzer. The Howitzer was iron, and may have been unique at Antietam. The battery is said to have fired the first shots of the battle on the morning of September 17.
The Battery, under the command of Capt. J.B. Brockenbrough, occupied a position near this marker at daybreak, and opened the battle on the Confederate side.
From a tablet next to the monument:
The Baltimore Battery (Confederate) fired from this spot into the Union forces in the Cornfield. It included a 12-pounder iron howitzer (like the small gun before you), the only one of its kind among the 500 cannon at Antietam.
|Went into winter quarters near Newmarket.|
Battle of Fredericksburg
Captain Brockenbrough was wounded in the arm.
|March 2||Captain Brockenbrough was promoted to major and assigned as Chief of Artillery to Brigadier General Taliferro. Captain James Breathed took over command of the battery.|
|June||Assigned to Horse Artillery, Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac|
Battle of Brandy Station
Battle of Gettysburg
Commanded by Captain William H. Griffin, it brought four 10-pounder Parrotts to the field
|December||Mine Run Campaign|
Battles engaged in: Harpers Ferry; Winchester; Front Royal; Cross Keys; Port Republic; Woodstock; Gaines’ Mills; Malvern Hill; Bristoe Station; Cunningham’s Ford; Groveton; Rappahannock; Second Manassas; Antietam; Yellow Tavern; Culpepper C.H.; Brandy Station; Chambersburg; Leestown; Frederick; OldTown; Waynesboro; Maurytown.
Officers. Captain John B. Brockenbrough. Captain William G. Griffin. Lieut. William B. Beam. Lieut. John McNulty. Lieut. James T. Wilhelm. Lieut. John w. Goodman.