Confederate Regiments & BatteriesNorth Carolina

Note: there was another 1st North Carolina Infantry Regiment known as the Bethel Regiment that was recruited in May of 1861 under Colonel Daniel H. Hill and served for six months.

June 3 Organized at Warrenton, North Carolina at the race track under the command of Colonel John Winder. Winder declined the command to accept promotion to brigadier general, and Colonel Montford S. Stokes took command, with Lieutenant Colonel Matthew W. Ransom and Major John A. McDowell as the other field officers.

Company A (Albemarle Guards) – Chowan County
Company B (Wilkes Volunteers) – Wilkes County
Company C (Lillington Rifle Guards) – Harnett County
Company D – Lincoln and Orange Counties
Company E – New Hanover County
Company F (Hertford Greys) – Hertford County
Company G (Washington Volunteers) – Washington County
Company H – Martin County
Company I (Wake Light Infantry) – Wake County
Company K – Halifax County

August-September Assigned to the District of Aquia, Department of Fredericksburg
September-October Assigned to Walker’s Brigade, District of Aquia, Department of Fredericksburg
October-March Assigned to Walker’s Brigade,  Aquia District, Department of Northern Virginia
March-May Ordered to Goldsboto, North Carolina and assigned to Walker’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
May Returned to Virginia and assigned to Ripley’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
June 15
Battle of Seven Pines
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 26
Beaver Dam Creek (Mechanicsville)

The regiment lost 142 casualties. Colonel Stokes was mortally wounded, and would die in a Richmond hospital on July 7. Lieutenant Colonel Ransom was wounded. Lieutenant Hamilton Allen Brown took command of the regiment as senior surviving officer.

June 27
Gaines’s Mill
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill

The regiment lost 75 casualties.

September-January Assigned to Ripley’s-Dole’s Brigade, D.H. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
September 14
Battle of South Mountain
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Hamilton A. Brown. It lost a combined total of 160 casualties at South Mountain and Sharpsburg.

From the War Department marker for Ripley’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Late in the afternoon of September 16, Ripley’s Brigade moved from the right of the Division line near the Boonsboro Pike, and bivouacked a short distance south of Mumma’s House. Early in the morning of the 17th it formed in support of Trimble’s Brigade and moved past the burning Mumma buildings in the direction of the south end of the East Woods. When Hood relieved Lawton’s Division the Brigade moved by the left flank along the west edge of the East Woods, crossed the Smoketown Road south of this point and moved north to Hood’s support. It filled an interval in the line of battle, made successive charges into Miller’s Cornfield, and was severely engaged with the advance of the Twelfth Corps. The right of the Confederate line being turned by an attack of Greene’s Division, Twelfth Corps, the Brigade after several changes of position and a stubborn resistance was obliged to retire to the woods around the Dunkard Church and was not again engaged.

December Lieutenant Colonel Brown was promoted to colonel.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 15 casualties.

January Assigned to Talliaferro’s-Colston’s-Steuart’s Brigade, Jackson’s-Trimble’s-Johnson’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 34 killed and 83 wounded.

June 14-15
2nd Battle of Winchester
July 1-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The 1st North Carolina was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Hamilton Brown. It brought 377 men to the field and lost 150 casualties.

From the War Department marker for Steuart’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield along East Confederate Avenue:

July 1. Arrived about nightfall and took position near Hanover Road about a mile east of Rock Creek with left wing at edge of woods.

July 2. Crossing Rock Creek at 6 P. M. the 3d N. C. and 1st Md. attacked the lesser summit of Culp’s Hill. Reinforced later by the other regiments the Union breastworks thinly manned at some points were occupied to the southern base of the main summit but only after a vigorous and desperate conflict.

July 3. The Union troops reinforced the conflict at dawn and it raged fiercely until 11 A. M. when this Brigade and the entire line fell back to the base of the hill and from thence moved about midnight to Seminary Ridge northwest of the town.

July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. About 10 P. M. began the march to Hagerstown.

October-November Bristoe Campaign
November 27 Payne’s Farm
November-December Mine Run Campaign
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment was almost wiped out. Colonel Brown was badly wounded, shot in both shoulders, and a chaplain conducted a burial service for him on the battlefield, but he survived.

May-June Assigned to Ramseur’s-Cox’s Brigade, Rodes’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. After he recovered from his wound Colonel Brown commanded the sharpshooter battalion of the regiment. Lieutenant Colonel William M. Parsley of the 3rd North Carolina commanded the regiment.
May 22-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June-December Assigned to Cox’s Brigade, Grimes’s Division, Army of the Valley
July 9
Battle of Monocacy
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester
September 22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
Siege of Petersburg

Assigned to Cox’s Brigade, Grimes’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.

February 5-7
Battle of Hatcher’s Run
March 25
Battle of Fort Stedman

Colonel Brown was captured while commanding the division’s sharpshooters.

April 6
Battle of Sayler’s Creek
April 7 Farmville
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 10 officers and 61 enlisted men.