Confederate Regiments & Batteries * North Carolina


 

1861
September 28

The 27th North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized for twelve months service under the command of Colonel George B. Singletary, Lieutenant Colonel John Sloan, and Major Thomas C. Singletary. Assigned to the District of Pamlico, Department of North Carolina.

Company A: “Goldsboro Rifles,” – Wayne County
Company B: “Guilford Grays,” – Guilford County
Company C: “North Carolina Guards,” – Lenoir County
Company D: “Tuckahoe Braves,” – Lenoir and Duplin Counties
Company E: “Marlboro Guards,” – Pitt County
Company F: “Perquimans Beauregards,” – Perquimans County
Company G: “Orange Guards, – Orange County
Company H: “Pitt Volunteers,” – Pitt County
Company I: “Southern Rights Infantry” – Jones and Onslow Counties
Company K: “Saulston Volunteers,” – Wayne County

December 16 Colonel Singletary resigned to become colonel of the 44th North Carolina Infantry. Lieutenant Colonel John Sloan was promoted to colonel.
1862
March Assigned to French’s Brigade, District of Pamlico, Department of North Carolina.
March 14
New Bern

The regiment lost 1 man killed, 2 wounded, and 16 captured.

April-May Assigned to French’s-Ransom’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
April 16 John R. Cook was appointed colonel of the 27th North Carolina.
June-August Moved to Virginia and assigned to Walker’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 30
Malvern Cliff
July 1
Malvern Hill

The regiment lost 6 men wounded.

September-January Assigned to Walker’s-Cooke’s Brigade, Walker’s-Ransom’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
September 12-15
Harpers Ferry
September 16-17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Colonel John R. Cooke. It brought 325 men to the field and lost 31 men killed, 168 men wounded and 45 captured. Major Gilmer was wounded.

There are two War Department markers for Manning’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield. From the first marker south of the Visitor Center:

Manning’s Brigade reached Sharpsburg on the afternoon of September 16 and was held in reserve until daybreak of the 17th, when it took position opposite Snavely’s Ford on the Antietam, one and a half miles from town. Between 8 and 9 A.M., it moved to the left and supported McLaws in his attack on the enemy in the West Woods. Arriving on the rise of ground 300 yards west of this point, the 3d Arkansas and 27th North Carolina formed to hold the open space between the West Woods and the left of D.H. Hill’s Division east of this road. The remainder of the Brigade advanced on the right of Ransom’s Brigade to and beyond the road at the Dunkard Church, where it was repulsed. The 3d Arkansas and 27th North Carolina co-operated in expelling Greene’s Division from the woods about the church, after which they crossed the road and advanced through the fields to the east, but were repulsed and resumed their original position and were not again engaged.

From the second marker just north of the Dunker church:

About 10:20 A.M., the 30th Virginia, 46th and 48th North Carolina charged from the woods beyond the Dunkard Church to capture Tompkins’ Rhode Island Battery on the high ground east of the church. The 30th Virginia crossed the road at this point, filed to the right across the two fences of the Smoketown Road and over the rock ledge occupied by the Maryland monument to the depression at the base of the ridge, where it was checked by the right of Greene’s Division and Artillery. At the same time the 46th North Carolina passed either side of the church, crossed the road and mingled with the 30th Virginia. After a very short struggle both Regiments were repulsed with great loss and retreated through the West Woods. The 46th North Carolina upon reaching the road north of this point was checked by Artillery fire from the front and fell back upon the advance of Greene’s Division into the woods around the church. The loss in the three Regiments was 77 killed, 387 wounded, and 41 missing. The 30th Virginia lost over 68 percent of its men.

November Colonel Cooke was promoted to brigadier general. Major John A. Gilmer was promoted to colonel. Captain Joseph C. Webb of Company G was promoted to major.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 3 men killed and 25 wounded.

1863
February-April Assigned to Cooke’s Brigade, 3rd Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
April-May Assigned to Cooke’s Brigade, District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
May-June Assigned to Cooke’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
May 22
Gum Swamp
June-September Returned to Virginia and assigned to Cooke’s Brigade, Department of Richmond.
July 4
South Anna Bridge
September 25 Assigned to Cooke’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
October-November
Bristoe Campaign
October 14
Bristoe Station

The regiment brought 416  men to field, losing 28 men killed, 107 wounded, and 65 captured.

November-December
Mine Run Campaign
1864
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 12 men killed, 155 wounded and 1 captured.

May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost 1 man killed, 7 wounded and 1 captured.

May 22-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 2 men killed and 10 wounded.

June 15
Siege of Petersburg

The regiment lost 1 man killed and 10 wounded.

August 18-21
Globe Tavern

The regiment lost 1 man killed

August 25
Reams’ Station

The regiment lost 8 men killedd, 40 wounded, and 1 man captured.

September 29-30
Fort Harrison
September 30
Jones’ Farm
October 2
Harman Road
1865
February 5-7
Hatcher’s Run

The regiment lost 1 men killed, 4 wounded and 28 captured.

March 25
Fort Stedman

The regiment lost 1 man wounded and 25 captured.

April 2
Petersburg Final Assault

The regiment lost 20 men captured.

April 5
Sayler’s Creek

The regiment lost 1 man killed and 2 wounded. 

April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 9 officers and 103 men.

The 27 North Carolina’s field officers were Colonels George B. Singeltary, John R. Cooke, J.A. Gilmer, Jr., John Sloan, and George F. Whitfield; Lieutenant Colonels R.W. Singeltary, Thomas C. Singeltary, and Joseph C. Webb; and Major Calvin Herring.