Confederate Regiments & Batteries * North Carolina

November 8 The 35th North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized near Raleigh at Camp Mangum under the command of Colonel James Sinclair, Lieutenant Colonel Marshall D. Craton and Major Oliver C. Petway.

Company A – “Onslow Rough and Readys” – Onslow County – Captain Claude Barry
Company B – “Marion Men” – McDowell County – Captain W.B. Halyburton
Company C – “Moore County Scotch Riflemen” – Moore County – Captain John M. Kelley
Company D – “Haw River Boys” – Chatham County – Captain Hardy J. Lasater
Company E – “Person Boys” – Person County – Captain John G. Jones
Company F – “Redwine Beauregards” – Union County – Captain Thomas Redwine
Company G – “Henderson Rifles” – Henderson County – Captain Joseph P. Jordan
Company H – “Mecklenburg Farmers” – Mecklenburg County – Captain Hugh Dixon
Company I – “Wayne County Volunteers” – Wayne County – Captain Angus J. Finlayson
Company K – “Burke and Catawba Sampsons” – Burke and Catawba Counties – Captain James R. Ellis

Assigned to the District of the Pamlico, Department of North Carolina

December Captain Ellis of Company K resigned. Lieutenant James T. Johnston was promoted to captain of Company K.
January 1 The 35th North Carolina was transferred to Confederate service.
January 8 Moved to New Bern
March 14
Battle of New Bern

The regiment’s flank was exposed when the militia unit next to them retreated, and it, too, retreated in “utmost disorder.”  It lost 5 men killed, 11 wounded and 9 missing.

March 17 Assigned to French’s Brigade, District of the Pamlico, Department of North Carolina
April 9 Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina
April 10 The regiment reorganized for the duration of the war. Matt W. Ransom, older brother of Brigadier General Ransom and former lieutenant colonel of the 1st Noth Carolina Infentry Regiment, was elected colonel. Major Petway was elected lieutenant colonel. Captain John Jones of Company E was elected major. Simon B. Taylor became captain of Company A, Thomas J. Blackwell captain of Company B, Carter Day captain of Company E, William Ellis of Company I.
May 27 Captain Hugh Dixon of Company H resigned. First Lieutenant David G. Maxwell was elected captain of Company H.
June 19-24 Moved to Petersburg, Virginia and was attached to Huger’s Division, then moved on to Richmond.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 25
King’s School House

The regiment lost 1 man killed and 5 wounded.

July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill

The regiment lost 18 men killed, 91 wounded and 18 missing. Colonel Ransom was twice wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Petway took over the regiment and led it in an assault up the hill until he was killed. Captain Hardy Lassiter was killed. Captain James Johnston of Company K and Lieutenant Malcom Ray of Company C were wounded.

Major Jones took command of the regiment and was promoted to lieutenant colonel after the battle. Captain John Kelly of Company C was promoted to major, First Lieutenant Evander Blue was promoted to captain of Company C and First Lieutenant Robert E. Petty was promoted to captain of Company D.

July 7 Moved to Drewry’s Bluff
July 29 Moved to Petersburg
August 1 Lieutenant Walter Clark was appointed adjutant
August 19 Returned to Richmond
August 27 Moved by rail to join Lee’s army in northern Virginia near Leesburg.
September 3 Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, in Walker’s newly created Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
September 7 Crossed the Potomac River at Cheek’s Ford
September 9 Moved from Monocacy Junction to the mouth of the Monocacy in order to destroy the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal aquaduct over the Monocacy River. The construction of the aquaduct was too sturdy for the explosives available, and the attempt was a failure.
September 11 Recrossed the Potomac at Point of Rocks and moved towards Hillsboro.
September 14-15
Harpers Ferry

Occupied Loudon Heights, which had been left unguarded by Federal forces in Harpers Ferry.

September 16 Started for Shepherdstown shortly after midnight, and after marching all day forded the Potomac after midnight for the third time in nine days.
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Matt W. Ransom. In the early morning it was moved from the extreme right of the line to the left in support of Jackson. The brigade attacked into the West Woods, driving off and pursuing the Federal troops.

It was at this time that the famous incident occured where Private Hood of Company H volunteered to climb a tree under heavy fire for General Jackson and report on the enemy’s forces. (“Oceans of them!”) General Robert Ransom made Hood his orderly for this exploit.

The regiment lost 3 men killed and 25 wounded. Captain Walter M. Bryson of Company G was killed. Captain Evander Blue of Company C was wounded. After the battle Lieutenant John Chase was promoted to captain of Company G.

From the War Department marker for Ransom’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Ransom’s Brigade reached Sharpsburg during the afternoon of September 16th, and was held in reserve until daybreak of the 17th, when it took position on the extreme right observing Snavely’s Ford. Between 8 and 9 A.M., it moved to the left and supported McLaws in his attack on Sedgwick’s Division. Arriving abreast the southwest edge of the West Woods, it advanced northwardly until opposite this point, when it wheeled to the right and encountered the enemy at the Poffenberger buildings and on the high ground to the east.

Attacked on the flank and in the front the Federal line was compelled to retire. The Brigade followed in pursuit until, near the Hagerstown Pike, it was checked by the destructive fire of the Federal Artillery, and sought shelter in the undulations of the ground.

September 18 The regiment held the woods dugint the day, then after dark withdrew across the Potomac at Shepherdstown (its fourth crossing) and moved to Martinsburg and on to Winchester.
September 23-November 23 The regiment marched to Fredericksburg via Culpepper Court House and Madison Court House. Fifty men under the age of 18 and over the age of 40 were discharged during this time.
October 15 Captain Carter Day of Company E resigned. Lieutanant J.W. Philpott was promoted to captain as his replacement.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment supported the Washington Artillery on Marye’s Heights and Willis’ Hill. It lost 27 men killed and 127 wounded. Major Kelly and Lieutenant John H. Conley of Company B was killed and Lieutenant W.H. Holt of Company D was mortally wounded. Captain Robert E. Petty of Company D was wounded.

After the battle Captain James Johnson of Company K was promoted to major and Lieutenant Philip Johnston was promoted to captain of Company K.

January 1 Captain J.W. Philpott of Company E resigned.
January 3 Moved to Kenansville, North Carolina, marching to Petersburg and moving by rail from there. Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
February Moved to Wilmington and assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, French’s Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. Adjutant Clark resigned to finish his College degree at Chapel Hill.
March At Goldsboro. Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
April-July At Kinston. Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina
May 22
Gum Swamp

Drove Federal troops from Gum Swamp back to New Bern.

May 27 Left Kinston by rail for Petersburg.
June 1 Worked on fortifications at City Point.
June 2 At Kinston. Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina
June 9 Left Petersburg vy rail for Ivor Station, then marched to Blackwater Bridge.
June 12 Marched to Ivor Station then returned by rail to Petersburg.
June 13 Colonel Ransom was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Jones was promoted to colonel, Major Johnston was promoted to lieutenant colonel, Captain S.B. Taylor of Company A was promoted to major and First lieutenant Henry Humphrey was promoted to captain of Company A. Captain David Maxwell of Company H resigned due to sickness and First Lieutenant H.S. Burgwyn was promoted to captain of Company H.
June 14 Marched to Drewry’s Bluff.
June 15 Returned to Petersburg.
June 21 Moved to Drewry’s Bluff.
June 25 Moved to Richmond.
July Assigned to M. Ransom’s Brigade, R. Ransom’s Division, Department of Richmond
July 1-3 Moved to Bottom’s Bridge.
July 4
Bottom’s Bridge

Skirmished with and turned back a Federal advance.

July 8 Returned to Richmond
July 27 Moved by rail to Weldon, North Carolina
July 28
Battle of Boone’s Mill

Helped turn back a Federal advance of some 5,000 men without loss.

August At Garysburg and then Weldon. Lieutenant Haywood Harris was promoted to captain of Company E.
November Went into winter quarters at Weldon assigned to the Department of North Carolina.
January 30 – February 1
New Bern

A three pronged Confederate attack on New Bern found Federal defenses were too heavy and returned to Kinston.

February 6 Returned by rail to Weldon.
February 26 Moved by rail to Franklin, Virginia, then marched to South Mills, North Carolina, pushing Federal forces back toward Norfolk.
March 4 Moved toward Norfolk via South Mills.
March 9 Forced Federal forces out of Suffolk and held the town for two days.
March 12 Returned to Weldon.
April 14 Moved to Tarboro.
April 15 Marched 15 miles, camping west of Hamilton.
April 16 Moved to Foster’s Mill, south of Williamston.
April 17-20
Battle of Plymouth

After three days of preparations an assault on the Federal works was made on the 20th at daybreak. The regiment attacked Fort Comfort and the Conaby Redoubt. It lost 103 casualties, some from friendly fire which fell short from the Confederate ironclad CSS Albemarle.

April 27-30 Moved to Washington, which Federal forces burned and evacuated.
May 4 Moved to New Bern and was preparing to attack when the regiment was ordered to Petersburg.
May 10 Returned to Virginia and assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Colquitt’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
May 13 Posted to the outworks of Drewry’s Bluff. Held off an attack during the day and fell back to the main defenses at nightfall.
May 16
Drewry’s Bluff
May 17-June 14
Bermuda Hundred

Six compannies of the regiment fought on the picket lines. Captain William A. Ellis of Company I was killed and Captain Robert E. Petty of Company D was badly wounded.

June 2 Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Bushrod Johnson’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
June 4 Moved to Bottom’s Bridge.
June 9 Moved to Chaffin’s Farm.
June 15 March all day and through the night for Petersburg.
June 16
Siege of Petersburg

Reached Petersburg at dawn and moved into the defensive works under heavy artillery fire, repulsing two Federal assaults.

June 17 Attacked to restore the Confederate lines. The regimental colors were lost to the 1st Michigan Infantry, but captured three Federal flags. The 35th brought 28 officers and nearly 500 enlisted men to the field and ended the day with 8 officers and 200 enlisted men. Colonel Jones was killed and Captain Thomas J. Blackwell was wounded.
June 18 Lieutenant Colonel James Johnston was promoted to colonel, Major Simon B. Taylor to lieutenant colonel, and Captain Robert E. Petty of Company D was promoted to Major.
July 30
Battle of The Crater
August 18-21
Globe Tavern

The regiment was pulled out of line for an attack on Federal forces along the Petersburg & Weldon Railroad. Although the attacks were successful, the railroad remained blocked.

August 22 Returned to the trenches for the next seven months.
October Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, 4th Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
March 15 Moved to Hatcher’s Run near Five Forks.
March 25
Fort Stedman

The regiment was pulled back to Petersburg and took part in the failed assault on Fort Stedman. Colonel Johnston and Captain S.G. Howie of Company F were killed, and a large number of other men were killed or taken prisoner. After the attack the remnants of the regiment returned to Hatcher’s Run.

March 31
Dinwiddie Court House

Assisted Pickett’s Division in pushing Sheridan’s Federal cavalry back from the Confederate flank, then returned to Hatcher’s Run.

April 1
Battle of Five Forks

The regiment fought on the east side of Five Forks north of White Oak Road and along Ford Road. About half the regiment became casualties, including around 100 men captured.

April 2 Withdrew towards Amelia Court House.
April 6
Saylers Creek

Fought as part of the rear guard.

April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 5 officers and 111 enlisted men.