Confederate Regiments & Batteries * North Carolina

April 9 The 48th North Carolina Infantry Regiment was organized near Raleigh at Camp Mangum, under the command of Colonel Robert C. Hill (West Point Class of 1855), Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Walkup and Major Benjamin R. Huske.

Company A – Union County – Captain Francis L. Wiatt
Company B – Davidson County – Captain Albert A. Hill
Company C – Iredell County – Captain Arthur M. Walker
Company D – Moore County – Captain Thomas J. Clegg
Company E – Union County – Captain John W. Walden
Company F – “The Waxhaws No 2” – Union County – Captain Hugh Wilson
Company G – “Chatham Light Infantry” – Chatham County – Captain William H. Jones
Company H – Davidson County – Captain John Michael
Company I – Union County – Captain Elias C. Alexander
Company K – “Confederate Guards” – Forsyth County – Captain Jesse W. Atwood

June-July Assigned to Ransom’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 25
King’s School House (Oak Grove)

The regiment lost 18 men killed and 70 wounded. Major Huske was mortally wounded. Captains Thomas Clegg of Company D and Captain Jesse W. Atwood of Company K were killed. Captains John Walker of Company C and John Michael of Company H, and Lieutenants Stilts of Company A and Anderson of Company D were wounded.

Captain Francis L. Wyatt of Company A was promoted to major and Lieutenant Leslie Turner was promoted to captain of Company A.

June 26 Because of difficulties between Colonel Hill and Brigadier General Ransom, the regiment was transferred to Walker’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
June 30
Malvern Cliff
July 1
Malvern Hill

Arrived too late to be engaged but came under fire from gunboats.

September-January Assigned to Walker’s Brigade, Walker’s Division, Longstreet’s Command-1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
September 12-15
Harpers Ferry

Major Wyatt was wounded.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Robert C. Hill. It brought around 400 men to the field and lost 50% casualties in fighting near the Dunker Church. Captain B.F. Atwood of Company K was mortally wounded. Adjutant Hugh A. Gunter was mortally wounded.

From the marker for Manning’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Manning’s Brigade reached Sharpsburg on the afternoon of September 16 and was held in reserve until daybreak of the 17th, when it took position opposite Snavely’s Ford on the Antietam, one and a half miles from town. Between 8 and 9 A.M., it moved to the left and supported McLaws in his attack on the enemy in the West Woods. Arriving on the rise of ground 300 yards west of this point, the 3d Arkansas and 27th North Carolina formed to hold the open space between the West Woods and the left of D.H. Hill’s Division east of this road. The remainder of the Brigade advanced on the right of Ransom’s Brigade to and beyond the road at the Dunkard Church, where it was repulsed. The 3d Arkansas and 27th North Carolina co-operated in expelling Greene’s Division from the woods about the church, after which they crossed the road and advanced through the fields to the east, but were repulsed and resumed their original position and were not again engaged.

From Colonel Hill’s Report:

The Forty-eighth Regiment occupied that part of the line at the church. The church was about the center of the regiment. We drove the enemy out of the woods, and charged their line east of the church, but were cut all to pieces. We lost about one-half of our men, killed and wounded …

October 20 Major Wiatt resigned. Captain Albert A. Hill of Compny B was promoted to major.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 175 casualties. Major A.A. Hill was wounded. Captain J. C. Stafford of Company K and Lieutenants Peter W. Plyler of Company E, M. S. Brem of Company C, and H. C. Banner of Company K were killed. Captains J. D. Dowd of Company D, John Moore of Company I and J. F. Heitman of company H were wounded Lieutenants J. K. Potts of Company C, H. A. Gray of Company F, and Edwin Tyson of Company G were wounded.

December 27 Lieutenant Robert Stilt of Company A died in Richmond.
February-April Moved to Pocataligo, South Carolina and assigned to Cooke’s Brigade, 3rd Military District of South Carolina,Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida
April 9 Destruction of the George Washington near Beaufort
April-May Assigned to Cooke’s Brigade, District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina.
May-June Assigned to Cooke’s Brigade, Department of North Carolina
June-September Assigned to Cooke’s Brigade, Department of Richmond
July 1 Moved to Richmond and spent several days in the area.
August Moved to Fredericksburg.
September Moved to Gordonsville.
September-October Moved to Virginia and assigned to Cooke’s Brigade, 3rd Corps, Army of Nothern Virginia.
October Assigned to Cooke’s Brigade, Heth’s Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Nothern Virginia.
Bristoe Campaign
October 14
Bristoe Station

The regiment lost 123 casualties.

Mine Run Campaign
December 4 Colonel Robert Hill died. He had not been in good health and was frequently absent. Lieutenant Colonel Walkup was promoted to colonel. Major Albert A. Hill was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and Captain William H. Jones of Company G was promoted to major.
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 22-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor

Lieutenant M.D. Clegg of Company D was wounded.

Siege of Petersburg
August 18-21
Globe Tavern

Lieutenant M. D. Clegg of Company D was killed.

August 25
Reams’ Station
September 30
Jones’ Farm & Squirrel Level Road
October 2
Harman Road
October 20 Captain Albert Hill of Company B was promoted to major.
February 5-7
Hatcher’s Run
April 2
Final Assault on Petersburg
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 48th North Carolina Infantry Regiment surrendered 12 officers and 87 enlisted men.