Confederate Regiments & BatteriesNorth Carolina


1862
May The History of the 55th North Carolina Infantry Regiment in the Civil War was organized near Raleigh at Camp Magnum under the command of Colonel John K. Connally. Assigned to the Department of North Carolina.

Company A – Wilson County and Wayne County
Company B – Wilkes County.
Company C – “Cleveland Grays” – Cleveland County.
Company D – “Cleveland Farmers” – Cleveland County
Company E – Pitt County
Company F – “South Mountain Rangers” – Cleveland County
Company G – “North Carolina Rebels” – County and Wayne County
Company H – “Alexander Bous” – Alexander County and Onslow County
Company I – “Franklin Farmers” – Franklin County
Company K – Granville County

September Assigned to Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
November Assigned to French’s Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
1863
January Assigned to Davis’ Brigade, French’s Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
February Assigned to Davis’ Brigade, D.H. Hills Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
April-May
Suffolk Campaign

Assigned to Davis’ Brigade, D.H. Hills Division, Department of Southern Virginia.

Colonel Connally took part in a duel after an Alabama staff officer accused the 55th North Carolina of negligence that led to the loss of two cannon. The duel was fought at 40 paces with Mississippi rifles. Both officers had missed their first two shots when the Alabaman offered to revise his report.

April 19
Battery Huger
May Assigned to Davis’ Brigade, Department of North Carolina.
June Assigned to Davis’ Brigade, Heth’s Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The 55th North Carolina brought 640 men to the field, losing 31% casualties.

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel John H.K. Connally. He was wounded on July 1, having taken the colors during the charge after several other color bearers were wounded. When asked by Major Belo if he was hurt Connally made the famous reply, ‘Yes, but do not pay any attention to me. Take the colors and keep ahead of the Mississippians.”

Lieutenant Colonel Maurice T. Smith was mortally wounded in the battle and Major Alfred Belo was also wounded, and Captain George A. Gilreath was killed. With all the field officers down, Captain E. Fletcher Satterfield took over as senior captain.

Colonel Connally had been shot in the left arm and right hip and was thought too badly wounded to move back to Virginia. He was left behind was captured. His arm was amputated, but he survived. He was paroled but never returned to command.

From the monument to Davis’ Brigade on Confederate Avenue at Gettysburg:

July 1. Formed line west of Herr’s Tavern and crossing the Run at 10 A. M. dislodged 2nd Maine Battery and the 2nd Brigade 1st Division First Corps. Threatened on the right it wheeled and occupied railroad cut too deep and steep for defense whereby it lost many prisoners and a stand of colors. Joined later by the 11th Regiment previously on duty guarding trains the Brigade fought until the day’s contest ended.

July 2. Lay all day west of the Run. At evening took position near here.

July 3. In Longstreet’s assault the Brigade formed the left center of Pettigrew’s Division and advanced to the stone wall south of Bryan Barn where with regiments shrunken to companies and field officers all disabled further effort was useless.

July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.

October-November
Bristoe Campaign
October 14
Bristoe Station
November-December
Mine Run Campaign
1864
May 5-6
Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment brought 340 men to the field and lost 59% casualties.

May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 22-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor

Colonel Connally was wounded.

June
Siege of Petersburg
August 18-19
Weldon Railroad
August 25
Reams’ Station
September 30
Jones’ Farm & Squirrel Level Road

Colonel Connally was wounded.

October 2
Harmon Road
1865
February 5-7
Hatcher’s Run
March 7 Colonel Connally resigned.
April 2
Final Assault on Petersburg
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 4 officers and 77 men.