Confederate Regiments & BatteriesSouth Carolina


Colonels Joseph Abney, William G. Burt, Olin M. Dantzler, David G. Fleming, and Spartan D. Goodlett; Lieutenant Colonels James O’Connell and Thomas C. Watkins; and Majors Miel Hilton, and James N. Shedd, and James M. Stewart.

1862
January 29 Organized for one year’s service at Camp Hampton near Columbia under the command of Colonel Joseph Abney and Lieutenant Colonel Thomas C. Watkins. Assigned to 2nd Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

Company A – “Edgefield Rifles or “Edgefield Riflemen” – Captain C. Adams
Company B – “Cedar Hill Guards”
Company C – “Chapel Guards” – Captain A. Wakefield
Company D – “Hopewell Guards” and “Walhalla State Guards” – Captain Jas. O’Connell
Company E – “Lancaster Guards” – Captain Miles Hilton
Company F – “Hagood Guards” – Captain J.M. Stewart
Company G
Company H
Company I – Captain H.W. Millhouse
Company K – Captain M.J. Messer

May Reorganzed for the duration of the war. Colonel Abney was dropped and Colonel S.D. Goodlett was elected.
June-July Assigned to 1st Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
June 16
Battle of Secessionville

The regiment suffered 18 casualties.

July Moved to Virginia and assigned to Evans’s Brigade, Drayton’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
August-October Moved to Virginia and assigned to Evans’s Independent Brigade, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
August 23
Rappahannock Station

The regiment lost 17 casualties.

August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
September 1 Dr. Fleming, Regimental Surgeon for the 22nd South Carolina, advised Colonel Goodlett to “remain behind and go to a private house in the country” due to his illness. Lieutenant Colonel Thomas C. Watkins took command of the regiment during the colonel’s absence. Colonel Goodlett returned to command at the end of the month. 
September 14
Battle of South Mountain (Boonesboro)

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas C. Watkins until he was mortally wounded and captured, shot in the head while rallying his men. He lived until September 26th in a Federal hospital, attended by a Confederate doctor, conscious but unable to speak. Major Miles (Miel) L. Hilton took command after Lieutenant Colonel Watkins fell.

September 15 Fell back from Boonsboro as rear guard for the army and reached Sharpsburg. Went into position near the Middle Bridge in support of the Macbeth Artillery. Lieutenant R. B. Hughes of Company A was wounded in the hip by a shell fragment.
September 16 Continued to hold the position near the Middle Bridge, skirmishing with Federal troops. Private L.P. Gordon was wounded by a shell fragment.
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

Still commanded by Major Hilton, the regiment held its position between the two armies’ artillery until around 4 pm, when it withdrew in the face of a Federal advance and fell back on the 18th & 23rd South Carolina, taking part in the general engagement. After nightfall and out of ammunition, the regiment withdrew beyond Sharpsburg to rest and replenish itself.

September 18 Returned to the position near the Middle Bridge, skirmishing with Federal troops until nightfall. Around 10 pm the regiment was ordered to draw in its pickets, and around 11 it moved south to the ford across the Potomac. The regiment lost 84 men during the Maryland Campaign.
August-October Assigned to Evans’s Independent Brigade, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
October-November Assigned to Evans’s Brigade, McLaws’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
November-February Moved to North Carolina and assigned to Evans’s Brigade, French’s Command, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
December 14
Battle of Kinston

Brigadier General Evans brought Colonel Goodlett on charges after Goodlett questioned an order from Evans delivered by a drunken aide. The charges would result in Goodlett being cashiered. Lieutenant Colonel J.H. Rion briefly took command of the regiment.

1863
February-March Assigned to Evans’s Brigade, District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
May Assigned to Evans’s Brigade, 1st Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel J. O’Connel.
June Moved to Mississippi and assigned to Evans’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, Department of the West
June-July Assigned to Evans’s Brigade, French’s Division, Department of the West
July Siege of Jackson, Mississippi
July-August Assigned to Evans’s Brigade, French’s Division, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana
August Assigned to Evans’s Brigade, Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
August-September
Charleston Harbor

Assigned to Evans’s Brigade, 2nd Sub-division, 1st Military District of Georgia, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The regiment manned the defences on Sullivan’s Island.

October-March Assigned to Evans’s Brigade, 1st Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The regiment recorded 360 men ready for duty.
1864
January 26 Lieutenant Colonel O’Connel resigned.
May Moved to Virginia under the command of Colonel O.M. Dantzler
May 17-June 16
Bermuda Hundred

Colonel O.M. Dantzler was killed. Colonel David Fleming took command of the regiment.

June
Siege of Petersburg

Assigned to Elliott’s-Wallace’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

July 30
Battle of the Crater

The regiment lost 216 men killed and wounded. One hundred seventy men were lost instantly in the mine explosion, including Colonel David G. Fleming, whose body was never recovered. W.G. Burt was promoted to colonel and command of the regiment.

August 1 At roll call the regiment mustered only 86 officers and men.
October Assigned to Elliott’s-Wallace’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, 4th Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
December J.N. Shedd was promoted to major.
1865
March 25
Battle of Fort Stedman
April 1
Battle of Five Forks
April 6
Battle of Saylers Creek

Most of the regiment was captured.

April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 11 officers and 77 enlisted men.