Confederate Regiments & Batteries > South Carolina


1861
Spring Organized at Columbia under Colonel Thomas G. Bacon, Lieutenant Colonel Robert A. Fair, Major Emmet Seibels, and Adjutant David Wyatt Aiken

Company A. Captain W. W, Perryman
Company B, Captain G. M. Mattison
Company C, Captain P. H. Bradley
Company D, Captain S. J. Hester
Company E, Captain D. Dendy
Company F, Captain John S. Hard
Company G, Captain J. Hampden Brooks
Company H, Captain Elbert Bland
Company I, Captain W. E. Prescott
Company K, Captain Bart Talbert

June Moved to Virginia
Assigned to Bonham’s Brigade
July 21
First Manassas
July-October Assigned to Bonham’s Brigade, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac
October-November Assigned to Bonham’s Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Corps, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia
November-January Assigned to Bonham’s Brigade, Van Dorn’s Division, 1st Corps, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia
1862
January-March Assigned to Kershaw’s Brigade, Early’s Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia
Winter Major Seibels and Captain Elbert Bland fought a duel over a game of chess.
May 14 During the regimental reorganization Colonel Bacon declined reelection and returned home due to failing health. Adjutant David W. Aiken was elected Colonel, Elbert Bland lieutenant colonel and William C. White major. The regiment mustered 581 effectives.
May Attached to Kershaw’s Brigade, McLaws’ Division
June 29
Savage’s Station

The regiment lost 82 casualties. Lt. Colonel Bland was wounded.

July 1
Malvern Hill

The regiment lost 40 casualties

August 29-30
Second Battle of Manassas
September 1 Ox Hill
September 13
Maryland Heights (Harpers Ferry)

The regiment lost 14 killed and 100 wounded out of 446 men engaged

September 17
Sharpsburg

The regiment lost 23 killed, 117 wounded of the 268 men engaged. Colonel Aiken was wounded in the chest. His brother and body servant managed to remove him across the Potomac to Shepherdstown but he was captured there. Major White briefly took command of the regiment and led a charge against two Federal batteries before he was killed, shot in the cheek and struck in the head by grapeshot. Captain John S. Hard took command of the regiment as senior surviving officer, and would be promoted to major the next day.

From the first of two War Department tablets on Kershaw’s Brigade at Antietam:

September 17, 1862.

Kershaw’s Brigade crossed the Potomac at Blackford’s Ford about daybreak of the 17th and halted in the western suburbs of Sharpsburg until nearly 9 A.M., when it crossed the fields and took position in the open ground southwest of the Dunkard Church from which, supported by Walker’s Division and Early’s Brigade, it moved to the attack of the 34th New York Infantry of Sedgwick’s Division, Second Corps, and the 125th Pennsylvania of the Twelfth Corps, just west of the church, causing them to retire. Efforts to drive Greene’s Division and the Federal Artillery from the ridge east of the Hagerstown Pike were repulsed and the Brigade fell back beyond the western limits of the West Woods.

Later in the day it moved to the northern part of the West Woods, where it remained until the night of the 18th, when it was withdrawn and recrossed the Potomac.

From the second tablet:

About 9:45 A.M., the 2d, 7th and 8th South Carolina of Kershaw’s Brigade charged out of the woods and across this road upon Tompkins’ Rhode Island Battery on the ridge about 220 yards east of this. The charge was repulsed by the Battery and Greene’s Division of Infantry, and the Brigade fell back beyond the western limits of the West Woods. Nearly one half of the officers and men of the Brigade were killed and wounded in less than fifteen minutes.

This tablet marks where the center of the Brigade crossed the road, its left reached nearly to the church.

September 22 At Opequon Creek
November Attached to Kershaw’s Brigade, McLaws’ Division, First Army Corps
December 13
Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 4 killed, 57 wounded and 61 missing. Lieutenant Colonel Bland was wounded.

1863
May 5
Battle of Chancellorsville
June Colonel Aiken returned from recovering from his Sharpsburg wound.
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Aiken and brought 408 men to the field in 12 companies. It lost 24 men killed, 79 wounded, and 7 missing or captured in fighting on the Rose Farm south of Gettysburg. Lieutenant Colonel Elbert Bland was wounded in the thigh on July 2nd but refused to leave the field. Lieutenant William L. Daniel was killed. Lieutenants James Daniel and Albert T. Taylor were mortally wounded, Lieutenant Sherod W. Callaham was mortally wounded and captured, Captain William Z. Leitner was wounded and 1st Lieutenant Augustus Burt was wounded and captured.

July 14
Falling Waters
July Colonel Aiken was unable to continue in service in the field due to his Antietam wound and was appointed commander of Macon, Georgia
September Transferred to the west with Longstreet
September 19-20
Battle of Chickamauga

Lieutenant Colonel Bland was killed. Major Hard briefly took over before he was also killed on top of Pea Ridge, the youngest field officer in the brigade at age 20.

November
Knoxville Campaign
November 16
Campbell’s Station
November 30
Fort Sanders
December 15
Beane’s Station
1864
March Returned with Longstreet to the Army of Northern Virginia
May 5-7
Battle of The WIlderness

Commanded by Captain James Mitchell

May 8-20
Battle of Spotsylvania
May 23-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Second Cold Harbor
September
Shenandoah Valley Campaign
September 3 Berryville
October 7 Port Republic
October 14 Strasburg
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
Late October Returned to Richmond defenses
1865
January Transferred to North Carolina
February
Carolinas Campaign
March 16
Battle of Averasborough
March 19
Battle of Bentonville

The regiment lost 2 killed and 12 wounded

March 23 The regiment mustered 222 men
April 26 Surrendered with the Army of Tennessee