|Spring 1861||Assembled at Harpers Ferry under the command of Colonel Simeon B. Gibbons and Lieutenant Colonel Edward T.H. Warren from men in Rockbridge, Shenandoah, Page and Madison Counties using a nucleus of four companies of the 4th Regiment Virginia Volunteer militia.|
|July 1||Transfered to Confederate Service and assigned to E.K. Smith’s Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah|
|July 21||First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
The regiment lost 16 men
|late July||Assigned to E.K. Smith’s-Elzey’s Brigade, 2nd Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|October||Assigned to 4th (Elzey’s) Brigade, 2nd Corps, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia.|
|November||Assigned to Elzey’s Brigade, Smith’s-Ewell’s Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia.|
|April||Assigned to Talliaferro’s Brigade, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia.|
|April 18||Company C disbanded|
|April 19||Company L added to the regiment|
|April 23||The regiment reorganized and a new Compny C was added.|
|May-June||Jackson’s Valley Campaign|
Battle of McDowell
The regiment lost 21 men including Colonel Gibbons, who was killed. Lieutenant Colonel Warren was promoted to colonel.
|June||Assigned to Fulkerson’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven Days Battles
Battle of Gaines’ Mill
Battle of Malvern Hill
|August 9||Cedar Mountain
The regiment lost 43 men.
|August 28-30||Second Battle of Manassas, or Bull Run
The regiment lost 32 men.
The regiment was left in Martinsburg with the 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment on detached duty while Jackson advanced to Harpers Ferry. It did not participate in the Battle of Sharpsburg and rejoined the army when Lee recrossed the Potomac after the battle.
|December 13||Battle of Fredericksburg|
The regiment lost 157 men. Colonel Warren was wounded.
Commanded by Colonel Edward T.H. Warren, the regiment brought 276 men to the field. It lost 8 men killed, 17 wounded, and 52 missing or captured.
From the War Department marker for Steuart’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:
July 1. Arrived about nightfall and took position near Hanover Road about a mile east of Rock Creek with left wing at edge of woods.
July 2. Crossing Rock Creek at 6 P. M. the 3d N. C. and 1st Md. attacked the lesser summit of Culp’s Hill. Reinforced later by the other regiments the Union breastworks thinly manned at some points were occupied to the southern base of the main summit but only after a vigorous and desperate conflict.
July 3. The Union troops reinforced the conflict at dawn and it raged fiercely until 11 A. M. when this Brigade and the entire line fell back to the base of the hill and from thence moved about midnight to Seminary Ridge northwest of the town.
July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. About 10 P. M. began the march to Hagerstown.
|Mine Run Campaign|
The regiment lost heavily in the defense of the Mule Shoe, losing many men captured.
|May||Consolidated with 23rd and 37th Virginia Infantry Regiments due to losses and assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.|
Battle of North Anna
|June||Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia.|
|September 19||Third Battle of Winchester|
|September 22||Battle of Fisher’s Hill|
|October 19||Battle of Cedar Creek|
|December||Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.|
|April 9, 1865||
The regiment surrendered 2 officers and 43 men