Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia

Spring 1861 Assembled at Harpers Ferry under the command of Colonel Simeon B. Gibbons and Lieutenant Colonel Edward T.H. Warren from men in Rockbridge, Shenandoah, Page and Madison Counties using a nucleus of four companies of the 4th Regiment Virginia Volunteer militia.
July 1 Transferred to Confederate Service and assigned to E.K. Smith’s Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah
July 21 First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
The regiment lost 16 men
July 23 In the evening the battery moved to Camp Blair at Fairfax station with the Newtown Artillery and the 13th Virginia Infantry.
late July Assigned to E.K. Smith’s-Elzey’s Brigade, 2nd Corps, Army of the Potomac
August 25 Companies A,B,D&G under Major J.B. Terrill moved to Mason’s Hill in Arlington County with a section of the Newtown Artillery.
August 29 Companies A,B,D&G at Mason’s Hill returned to Camp Blair.
October Assigned to 4th (Elzey’s) Brigade, 2nd Corps, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia.
November Assigned to Elzey’s Brigade, Smith’s-Ewell’s Division, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia.
April Assigned to Talliaferro’s Brigade, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia.
April 18 Company C disbanded
April 19 Company L added to the regiment
April 23 The regiment reorganized and a new Company C was added.
May-June Jackson’s Valley Campaign
May 8
Battle of McDowell

The regiment lost 1 man killed and 20 wounded. Colonel Gibbons was killed. Lieutenant Colonel Warren was promoted to colonel.

June Assigned to Fulkerson’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia.
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles
June 27
Battle of Gaines’ Mill
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill
August 9
Cedar Mountain

The regiment lost 43 men.

August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas, or Bull Run

The regiment lost 32 men.

Maryland Campaign

The regiment was left in Martinsburg with the 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment on detached duty while Jackson advanced to Harpers Ferry. It did not participate in the Battle of Sharpsburg and rejoined the army when Lee recrossed the Potomac after the battle.

December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 157 men. Colonel Warren was wounded.

September 19
Second Battle of Winchester
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

Commanded by Colonel Edward T.H. Warren, the regiment brought 276 men to the field. It lost 8 men killed, 17 wounded, and 52 missing or captured.

From the War Department marker for Steuart’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 1. Arrived about nightfall and took position near Hanover Road about a mile east of Rock Creek with left wing at edge of woods.

July 2. Crossing Rock Creek at 6 P. M. the 3d N. C. and 1st Md. attacked the lesser summit of Culp’s Hill. Reinforced later by the other regiments the Union breastworks thinly manned at some points were occupied to the southern base of the main summit but only after a vigorous and desperate conflict.

July 3. The Union troops reinforced the conflict at dawn and it raged fiercely until 11 A. M. when this Brigade and the entire line fell back to the base of the hill and from thence moved about midnight to Seminary Ridge northwest of the town.

July 4. Occupied Seminary Ridge. About 10 P. M. began the march to Hagerstown.

Bristoe Campaign
Mine Run Campaign
May 3-6
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment lost heavily in the defense of the Mule Shoe, losing many men captured.

May The regiment was consolidated with 23rd and 37th Virginia Infantry Regiments due to losses and assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Lieutenant Colonel Dorlias H. Lee Martz took command of the combined regiments as senior officer.
May 23-26
Battle of North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg
June Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia.
July 9
Battle of Monocacy
September 19 Third Battle of Winchester
September 22 Battle of Fisher’s Hill
October 19 Battle of Cedar Creek
December Assigned to Terry’s Consolidated Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
March 25
Battle of Fort Stedman
April 9, 1865
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 2 officers and 43 men